Chiricahua leopard frog

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Chiricahua leopard frog
Chiricahua leopard frog 01.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Family: Ranidae
Genus: Lithobates
L. chiricahuensis
Binomial name
Lithobates chiricahuensis
Platz & Mecham, 1979
  • Rana chiricahuensis
  • Lithobates fisheri
  • Lithobates subaquavocalis Platz, 1993

The Chiricahua leopard frog (Lithobates chiricahuensis syn. Rana chiricahuensis)[2] is a species of frog in the family Ranidae, the true frogs. It is native to Mexico and the United States (Arizona and New Mexico). Its natural habitats are temperate forests, rivers, intermittent rivers, swamps, freshwater lakes, intermittent freshwater lakes, freshwater marshes, intermittent freshwater marshes, freshwater springs, ponds, and open excavations. It is threatened by habitat loss and chytrid fungus to such an extent that it has been eliminated from 80% of its former habitat.[3] The Phoenix Zoo, Arizona's Department of Game and Fish, and the USFWS are trying to mitigate threats through captive breeding and reintroduction efforts.[4]


A 2011 genetic analysis provided evidence that the northwestern Mogollon Rim population of L. chiricahuensis is indistinguishable from specimens of the extinct Vegas Valley leopard frog (Lithobates fisheri).[5]

The Ramsey Canyon leopard frog (Lithobates subaquavocalis) has also been shown to be conspecific with the Chiricahua leopard frog.


  1. ^ Santos-Barrera, G., et al. 2004. Lithobates chiricahuensis. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. Downloaded on 23 November 2013.
  2. ^ Frost, Darrel (2011). "American Museum of Natural History: Amphibian Species of the World 5.5, an Online Reference". Herpetology. The American Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 2013-02-17.
  3. ^ Ellis, R. (2004). No Turning Back: The Life and Death of Animal Species. New York: Harper Perennial. p. 187. ISBN 978-0-06-055804-8.
  4. ^ Phoenix Zoo marks restoration of 10,000th frog to the wild. National Geographic (September 1, 2010).
  5. ^ Hekkala, E. R., et al. (2011). Resurrecting an extinct species: archival DNA, taxonomy, and conservation of the Vegas Valley leopard frog. Conservation Genetics 12(5), 1379-85.

Further reading[edit]