Chirk Aqueduct and the railway viaduct behind it
|OS grid reference|
|Maintained by||British Waterways|
|Trough construction||Cast iron|
|Total length||710 feet (220 m)|
|Height||70 feet (21 m)|
|No. of spans||Ten|
Chirk Aqueduct is a 70-foot (21 m) high and 710-foot (220 m) long navigable aqueduct that carries what is now the Llangollen Canal across the Ceiriog Valley near Chirk, on the England-Wales border, spanning the two countries.
The aqueduct was designed by civil engineer Thomas Telford for the Ellesmere Canal. The resident engineer was M Davidson who also acted as resident engineer on a number of Telford's other works. The foundation stone was laid on 17 June 1796 and it was completed in 1801. It has a cast iron trough within which the water is contained. The masonry walls hide the cast iron interior. The aqueduct followed Telford's innovative Longdon-on-Tern Aqueduct on the Shrewsbury Canal, and was a forerunner of the Pontcysyllte Aqueduct, also on the Llangollen Canal. The aqueduct was briefly the tallest navigable one ever built, and it now is Grade II* listed in both England and Wales. It forms part of the Pontcysyllte Aqueduct World Heritage Site.
The aqueduct consists of ten arches, each with a span of 40 feet (12 m). The water level is 65 feet (20 m) above the ground and 70 feet (21 m) above the River Ceiriog. The stone work is yellow sandstone. William Hazledine provided the ironwork for the aqueduct. Originally built with iron plates only at the base of the trough, iron side plates were added to the aqueduct in 1870 to alleviate leakage.
The Chirk Tunnel starts at the north end of the Chirk Aqueduct, allowing the canal to continue on towards Llangollen. A railway viaduct was built later alongside the aqueduct. It is higher than the aqueduct, which was specifically included in the design in order to emphasise the superiority of rail transportation over water modes.
- Glover, Julien (2017). Man of Iron - Thomas Telford and the Building of Britain. London: Bloomsbury. p. 383.
- Samuel Smiles (2004). The Life of Thomas Telford. Kessinger Publishing. ISBN 1-4191-6991-2.
- Samuel Smiles (1861). Lives of the Engineers, with an Account of Their Principal Works. J. Murray.
- Historic England. "Chirk Aqueduct (Grade II*) (1295150)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 November 2015.
- Chirk Conservation Area: Draft Character Assessment & Management Plan (PDF). Wrexham.gov.uk. June 2014. Retrieved 7 April 2016.
- A. W. Skempton (2002). A Biographical Dictionary of Civil Engineers in Great Britain and Ireland. Thomas Telford. ISBN 0-7277-2939-X.
- Roger Cragg (1997). Wales and West Central England: Wales and West Central England, 2nd Edition. Thomas Telford. ISBN 0-7277-2576-9.
- Quenby, Ron (1992). Thomas Telford's Aqueducts on the Shropshire Union Canal. Swan Hill Press. ISBN 1-8531-0246-6.
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