Chitin-glucan complex consists of chitin, 1,3/1,6-ß-D-glucan, and melanin. Rather than being produced from animal parts, the chitin used for this purpose is extracted from the cell walls of the fungus Pichia pastoris or more recently classified as Komagataella pastoris. Unlike chitin extracted from crustaceans, for example, this chitin contains no heavy metals. A study revealed that the complex exhibits traces of α-chitin in the molecular structure via x-ray diffraction. The similarities in structure and physical properties suggest that the complex is a suitable alternative to crustacean-based chitin as fungi are a more feasible and reliable source of raw materials. It possesses immunostimulant properties.
The 1,3/1,6-ß-D-glucan in this complex are macromolecules consisting solely of the carbohydrate glucose. There are many varieties of glucan. The main difference lies in the effectiveness and efficiency of these glucans. According to the most recent experimental studies, it is one of the most effective activators. 1,3/1,6-ß-D-glucan complex boosts the immune system of humans and other animals.
- Farinha, Inês; Duarte, Paulo; Pimentel, Ana; Plotnikova, Evgeniya; Chagas, Bárbara; Mafra, Luís; Grandfils, Christian; Freitas, Filomena; Fortunato, Elvira; Reis, Maria A.M (2015). "Chitin–glucan complex production by Komagataella pastoris : Downstream optimization and product characterization". Carbohydrate Polymers. 130: 455–464. doi:10.1016/j.carbpol.2015.05.034. PMID 26076647.
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