From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Chitlapakkam is located in Chennai
Chitlapakkam is located in Tamil Nadu
Chitlapakkam is located in India
Coordinates: 12°56′15″N 80°08′19″E / 12.93739°N 80.13874°E / 12.93739; 80.13874Coordinates: 12°56′15″N 80°08′19″E / 12.93739°N 80.13874°E / 12.93739; 80.13874
StateTamil Nadu
 • Total2.95 km2 (1.14 sq mi)
 • Total37,987
 • Density13,000/km2 (33,000/sq mi)
 • OfficialTamil
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Vehicle registrationTN-11

Chitlapakkam is a residential locality in Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India. It is well known for its small, perennial lake and adjoining ecosystems.


Chitlapakkam is a fast-developing town panchayat, coming under Tambaram Taluk in Chengalpattu district, located about 7 km south from the Chennai International Airport. Its area is 2.95 km2 and population density is 8,581 per square kilometers (as of 2001).[1] The neighbourhood is served by Tambaram Sanatorium railway station, which is 100 m from the locality and 200 meters from Chitlapakkam lake and govt school. Proximity to major suburbs, such as Pallavaram, Chromepet, Selaiyur, Tambaram Sanatorium, and Tambaram aids in the development of the township. As per the latest ward delimitation, it has 18 wards

Along with the basic theme of peaceful middle/upper middle class kinship the main attraction near the area is the famed Kumaran Kundram temple of Lord Muruga atop the hill. It is a 15-minute walk from Chitlapakkam.

Chitlapakkam lake has water almost all throughout the year; there are plans to modernize it with boating facilities.

Chitlappakkam and Sithalapakkam are frequently confused, as both are suburbs of Tambaram. Chitlappakkam is the more developed and well-established suburb.

Chitlapakkam is a fast-developing part of the city, and many people from Other places have relocated there because of its green environment, water availability, proximity to OMR and to MEPZ and GST Road. With advent of mini buses connecting Chitlapakkam to Chrompet and to Tambaram and Tambaram Sanatorium railway stations and also due to introduction of share autos connectivity and access has dramatically improved. There is a government bus No 52 D which operates 2 services from the chitlapakkam pond to Parrys Corner at 11 am and also at 4 pm daily. Similarly mini bus No S3 connects Chitlapakkam to Chrompet while bus No S8 connects it to Tambaram.

Village details
Area 2.95 sq km
Population 37,906
Total roads 315
Wells 10
Overhead tanks 2
Water storage tanks 3
Hand pumps 33
Small culverts 80


Chitlapakkam Lake

The Chitlapakkam lake, coordinates 12°56'2"N 80°8'10"E, measuring 50 acre is the chief water body in the neighbourhood.[2] Earlier, Chilapakkam was a main agricultural area. Pachamalai hill used to serve as a source for the Chitlapakkam lake. This lake water was used for irrigation before urbanization.

Water level in Chitlapakkam lake

Because of the presence of lake, the water table level is higher compared with many other areas in Chennai. The level of water table in this area is 2.50–8 m, and the level of TDS is 400–900 ppm.[3]

According to a report submitted to the Kancheepuram district administration, improvement work on the lake would require an estimated 4.5 million for the improvement of the lake. The public has funded 1.5 million and the state government is funding 3 million.[2]

Newly laid pathway around Chitlapakkam lake

On 10 February 2013, work to build a 750-m pathway around the lake, at the cost of 4.5 million, commenced. It is proposed that the lake will be used for boating and a garden will be maintained around.[4]

Over the years several attempts were made to encroach the Chitlapakkam Lake. Encroachments on the east by religious buildings, Government buildings on the northern side has reduced the actual size of the lake by many folds. Attempts by local welfare associations and watchdog movements had contributed to slowing down the pace of encroachments. Litigations pending in Madras High Court could recover some more extent of the lost lake.[5][citation needed]

Recent attempts by resident welfare associations and organizations such as Chitlapakkam Rising, has helped mandate the local panchayat to take initiatives to move the garbage dumpyard which was occupying almost 3+ acres of lake area. In 2018, several protests organized by local organizations, significantly raised the significance of protecting the lake among authorities.[citation needed]


As of 2011 India census,[6] Chitlapakkam had a population of 37,906. Males constitute 49.97% of the population and females 50.03%. Chitlapakkam has an average literacy rate of 84%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with male literacy of 86% and female literacy of 82%. 9% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Corporation status Awaited[edit]

Chitlapakkam Town Set to Upgrade as Chennai Tambaram Corporation soon. A proposal was made to TN Government to make Tambaram as Chennai Tambaram Corporation zone .Tambaram corporation will encompass two municipalities, four town panchayats in Perungalathur, Peerkankaranai, Madambakkam and Chitlapakkam, and seven village panchayats including Mudichur, Medavakkam, Vengaivasal, Agaramthen.

A proposal for creating three independent municipal corporations Tambaram, Pallavaram, Avadi under the consideration of the government, official sources privy to the de velopments said. "We have sent the proposal a few weeks ago. It is under consideration of the government," an official with the commissionerate of municipal administration.


In 1971, Chitlapakkam was upgraded as a town panchayat. The town hit the headlines in the late 1980s and early 1990s when residents came together to successfully protect the Chitlapakkam Lake. Fearing that onslaught in different forms would irreparably damage the lake, like-minded citizens joined together and mobilised public support and sensitised the State government to the need for preventing the shrinking of the lake in the form of encroachments.

In 2004, when the Department of Municipal Administration and Water Supply classified Chitlapakkam town panchayat as a special village panchayat, along with many other urban local bodies in Tamil Nadu, residents here impressed the elected representatives on the need for seeking municipality status. Though the council passed a resolution to this effect, the State government did not consider it.[7]

Activities and landmarks[edit]

Varadaraja theatre

While industrial activity has been influenced positively due to the Warehousing Corporation of India's godowns the real growth has come about due to a heightened sense of citizen's participation and civic mindedness. This has happened gradually and in a non linear and participative fashion due to the efforts of various patriotic individuals and associations of persons. In this context the role of the civic body and its representatives need to be lauded since they do take feedback and try to implement the suggestions.A notable association has been the muthulakshminagar welfare association which regularly meets the concerned ministers and public representatives to take up activities specific to the upliftment of chitlapakkam like improvement of water table, waste segregation and preventing burning of waste at the chitlapakkam lake, making efforts to include chitlapakkam in the chembarapakkam water scheme, ensuring more bus routes to operate via chitlapakkam and so on[8] The real estate boom in the locality is due to a confluence of factors like abundant water supply, proximity to the IT companies in OMR & MEPZ, excellent quality of life and proximity to the city. Some of the landmarks in the area include Varadharaja theatre, Chitlapakkam tank, Indira Cotton Mill, MEPZ, Saravana Stores at Chrompet and so on . Varadaraja Theatre is just 400m from Sanatorium railway station and GST road.

" Chitlapakkam Rising " is another interesting youth led social movement : See this article for details :


Community hall[edit]

Unlike other local bodies, especially along arterial roads such as the Velachery Main Road, Grand Southern Trunk Road, Medavakkam Main Road and Tambaram Mudichur road, where there were plenty of private marriage halls, there were only a couple of them within the Chitlapakkam town panchayat limits. They were either not big enough or beyond the reach of the middle-class and lower income groups. In June 2012, community hall that was built next to the town panchayat office by the Chitlapakkam Town Panchayat was renovated. A sum of Rs. 760,000 was spent on sprucing up the walls and floors. Concrete floors were replaced with tiles in the ground and first floors of the hall. The open space outside the halls was fitted with contemporary cement concrete tiles. Another sum of Rs. 260,000 was spent on separate washrooms for men and women. Many families in Chitlapakkam organizing functions such as wedding engagements, get-togethers, wedding receptions and even birthday parties find this convenient.[9]

Post office[edit]

The building housing the post office, which is adjacent to the Chitlapakkam panchayat office, was inaugurated in 1969 by the former Chief Minister M.G. Ramachandran. He was the Alandur Member of the Legislative Assembly at that time. although it was built to accommodate the post office, even today the Department of Posts is paying a monthly rent of Rs. 500 to the panchayat.[10]


The neighbourhood is served by two Chennai Suburban Railway stations: Tambaram sanatorium and Chromepet. Road transport for this locality is catered by government-run MTC buses and private share autos. BT roads in Chitlapakkam have been upgraded with the financial assistance from NABARD RDIF during the year 2009 to 2010 at the estimated cost of 1840,000.[11] The proposed Mono rail station at Camp Road junction which is 2 km away can give quick access to Vandalur Zoo on the one side and to velachery on the other side.

Wood-gas-fired crematorium[edit]

A sum of Rs. 4.4 million was spent on a wood-gas-fired crematorium.[11] Chitlapakkam is the first among 561 town panchayats in Tamil Nadu to have this facility. The State government gave a grant of Rs. 3.3 million and the remaining cost of was met by the Chitlapakkam town panchayat from its general funds. The State government has also decided to entrust the responsibility of the facility's maintenance to Chromepet-based Shree Gayethri Trust, a voluntary organisation.[12]

Waste management[edit]

Dump yard[edit]

The open space near a lake in Chitlapakkam has been converted into a dump yard. The dump yard has been in existence for more than a century. The city generates about 8 tonnes of waste every day. Sanitary workers of the local body dump 3 tonnes of waste generated by the town at the half-acre yard in front of the lake and set fire to it. The smoke generated creates woes to the general public and the patients who come to the adjacent government hospital. The remaining 5 tonnes of waste is collected from 10,030 households in the 18 wards of the local body by Green Friends of Hand-In-Hand (HIH). It is segregated in a scientific method in a biocompost shed. HIH is a Kancheepuram-based NGO that specializes in solid waste management in the state.[13]

Liquid waste management plant[edit]

Chitlapakkam was the only urban local body in the region to have a liquid waste management plant to prevent sewage from entering Sembakkam lake, treat it and use it again for gardening purposes. There are plans to buy some more vehicles for better collection and disposal of garbage.[8] However, this project too has not been completely successful as sewage continues to drain into the lake from multiple entry points.[14]

Liquid Waste Management Plant
Liquid Waste Management Plant - Oxidation Tank

Solid waste segregation shed[edit]

During 2004, the Chitlapakkam town panchayat began door-to-door collection of garbage in seven of its wards. Twelve tricycles were used and conservancy workers were appointed to collect garbage from the houses. Each tricycle manned two workers. The collected rubbish were segregated into biodegradable and non-biodegradable substances in a segregation shed, constructed behind the town panchayat office.[15]

Garbage management is a critical deliverable of any local administration. This article in the Times of India dated 15 August 2015 highlights a few successes of the Chitlapakkam waste segregation experiment and how Chitlapakkam has shown the way to tackle its own problems relating to hygiene.[16]


  1. ^ "Southern railway". Retrieved 28 July 2012.
  2. ^ a b Manikandan, K. (8 October 2012). "From the people to panchayat: Rs. 10 lakh to improve their lake". The Hindu. Chennai. Retrieved 11 October 2012.
  3. ^ "INFRASTRUCTURE: Water Supply" (PDF). CMDA. Retrieved 6 July 2012.
  4. ^ "சிட்லப்பாக்கம் ஏரியில் படகு சவாரி விட நடவடிக்கை'". Thinamani (in Tamil). Chennai. 11 February 2013. Retrieved 9 June 2013.
  5. ^ "Chitlapakkam Lake encroachments removed".
  6. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.
  7. ^ "Chitlapakkam General Outline". The Hindu. 14 November 2008. Archived from the original on 28 August 2011. Retrieved 26 June 2012.
  8. ^ a b "Chitlapakkam industrial activities". The Hindu. 29 August 2005. Archived from the original on 2 March 2008. Retrieved 26 June 2012.
  9. ^ "New lease of life for community hall". The Hindu. June 2012. Retrieved 6 July 2012.
  10. ^ "Chitlapakkam post office, not a pretty sight". The Hindu. 12 February 2006. Archived from the original on 25 May 2006. Retrieved 13 November 2012.
  11. ^ a b Schemes implemented in Town Panchayats
  12. ^ "Chitlapakkam gas-fired crematorium from April 1". The Hindu. 19 March 2009. Archived from the original on 23 March 2009. Retrieved 27 June 2012.
  13. ^ "Chitlapakkam chokes on its burning garbage". NSWAI ENVIS. 4 August 2011. Archived from the original on 14 December 2013. Retrieved 11 July 2012.
  14. ^ "Storm water drains, source of pollution". The Hindu. Retrieved 27 June 2012.
  15. ^ "Garbage collection at your doorstep in Chitlapakkam". The Hindu. 13 October 2004. Archived from the original on 31 October 2004. Retrieved 13 November 2012.
  16. ^