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Location of Chittagong in Bangladesh
|• Total||5,282.92 km2 (2,039.75 sq mi)|
|Population (2011 census)|
|• Density||1,400/km2 (3,700/sq mi)|
|Time zone||BST (UTC+6)|
Chittagong District (Bengali: চট্টগ্রাম জেলা, Chittagong Jela also Chittagong Zila) is a district located in the south-eastern region of Bangladesh. It is a part of the Chittagong Division. The port city of Chittagong, second largest city in Bangladesh, is located in this district.
Because of the natural harbor, Chittagong had been an important location for trade, drawing Arab traders as early as the 9th century CE. The region fell under the rule of kings from Arakan in the 16th and 17th centuries, but later, the Mughal Army under Shaista Khan conquered Chittagong. During the 17th century, the region also faced a lot of attacks by Portuguese pirates. The Mughals established Chittagong as a district in 1666. The Chittagong Hill Tracts were separated from Chittagong in 1860. After the liberation of Bangladesh, Cox's Bazar District was separated in 1984.
The upazilas are:
- Anwara Upazila
- Banshkhali Upazila
- Boalkhali Upazila
- Chandanaish Upazila
- Fatikchhari Upazila
- Hathazari Upazila
- Lohagara Upazila
- Mirsharai Upazila
- Patiya Upazila
- Rangunia Upazila
- Raozan Upazila
- Sandwip Upazila
- Satkania Upazila
- Sitakunda Upazila
- General Moeen Uddin Ahmed, former Bangladesh army chief, was born in Chittagong.
Chittagong District has 13148 mosques, 1025 Hindu temples, 535 Buddhist temples and 192 churches. Fakira Mosque in Hathazari, Musa Khan Mosque, Kura Katni Mosque, the 16th century Kala Mosques, Chhuti Khan Mosque, Kadam Mobara Mosque, Andar Killah Mosque, Bakshi Hamid Mosque of Bashkhali, and East Gomdandi Chowdhury Para Old Mosque of Boalkhali are famous mosques in Chittagong. Also Badar Awlia Dargah is a tomb in Chittagong.
- Mohammad Mahibbullah Siddiqi (2012). "Cox’s Bazar District". In Sirajul Islam and Ahmed A. Jamal. Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
- "AL men appointed administrators". thedailystar.net.
- Jasim Uddin Harun (2012). "Chittagong District". In Sirajul Islam and Ahmed A. Jamal. Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
- "Home Minister to launch 4 new thanas in Ctg tomorrow". The Financial Express. 29 May 2013.