Chittagonian language

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Chittagonian
Chittainga
চাঁটগাঁইয়া sãṭgãiya
চাঁটগাঁইয়া.svg
Native toBangladesh
RegionChittagong
Native speakers
13 million (2006)[1]
to 16 million (2007)[2]
Bengali-Assamese script, Latin script, Arabic Script
Language codes
ISO 639-3ctg
Glottologchit1275[3]
  Chittagonian Language speaking area

Chittagonian or Chittainga, also Satgaya (চাঁটগাঁইয়া) is an Indo-Aryan language spoken by the people of Chittagong in Bangladesh, and in much of the southeast of the country. It is closely related to Bengali and is often considered to be a nonstandard dialect of Bengali, but the two are not mutually intelligible.[4] It is estimated (2009) that Chittagonian has 13–16 million speakers, principally in Bangladesh.[5]

Classification[edit]

Chittagonian is a member of the Bengali-Assamese sub-branch of the Eastern group of Indo-Aryan languages, a branch of the wider Indo-European language family. Its sister languages include Sylheti, Rohingya, Chakma, Assamese, and Bengali. Like other Bengali languages, it is derived through an Eastern Middle Indo-Aryan from Old Indo-Aryan, and ultimately from Proto-Indo-European.[6]

Writing system[edit]

The Bengali script is the most common script used.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Chittagonian at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Nationalencyklopedin "Världens 100 största språk 2007" The World's 100 Largest Languages in 2007
  3. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Chittagonian". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  4. ^ "Chittagonian A language of Bangladesh". Ethnologue: Languages of the World, Sixteenth edition. 2009. Retrieved 3 February 2013.
  5. ^ "Summary by language size". Ethnologue: Languages of the World, Sixteenth edition. 2009. Retrieved 3 February 2013.
  6. ^ Ethnologue (2005). "Chittagonian, a language of Bangladesh".

External links[edit]

Media related to Chittagonian language at Wikimedia Commons