Chittaranjan

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Chittaranjan
Census Town
Chittaranjan is located in West Bengal
Chittaranjan
Chittaranjan
Location in West Bengal, India
Coordinates: 23°52′N 86°52′E / 23.87°N 86.87°E / 23.87; 86.87Coordinates: 23°52′N 86°52′E / 23.87°N 86.87°E / 23.87; 86.87
Country  India
State West Bengal
District Paschim Bardhaman
Elevation 155 m (509 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 39,098
Demonym(s) <--There is no demonym... -->
Languages
 • Official Bengali, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Lok Sabha constituency Asansol
Vidhan Sabha constituency Barabani
Website bardhaman.gov.in

Chittaranjan is a suburban area and a census town in Salanpur, West Bengal. It is most popularly known for Chittaranjan Locomotive Works, an Indian Government railway locomotive factory.

History[edit]

Before the town's development, the area was heavily forested and infested with plunderers and marauders. The discovery of coal led to its industrialization, clearing most of the forests.[1]

Geography[edit]

Chittaranjan is located at 23°52′N 86°52′E / 23.87°N 86.87°E / 23.87; 86.87.[2] It has an average elevation of 155 metres (508 feet).

The soil is composed of undulating laterite and lies between two rivers, the Damodar and the Ajay.The township is just along the banks of the river Ajay. The rivers flow almost parallel to each other, and the approximate distance between them is 30 km. At the western edge of the area, the Barakar River forms a boundary with Jharkhand, though there is also a small stretch of border shared with the state.

Police station[edit]

Chittaranjan police station has jurisdiction over a part of Salanpur. The area covered is 18.03 km2 and the population is 39,205.[3][4]

Demographics[edit]

2001 2011[5][6]
Total population 45,925 39,098
Male population 30,170 (53%) 20,089 (51.3%)
Female population 21585 (47%) 19,009 (48.6%)
(0-6)yrs age population 4,592 (10%) 2,769 (7%)
Literacy rate 83% 85.9%
Male literacy rate 88% 89%
Female literacy rate 79% 82.6%

Transport[edit]

Chittaranjan is a railway town on the border of Jharkhand and West Bengal. The passenger railhead serving Chittaranjan is located in Mihijam, Jharkhand. Chittaranjan railway station is in Howrah-Patna-Mughalsarai main line at a distance of 237 km from Howrah. The nearest important railway junction is Asansol, situated 25 km away. Most of the Patna, Barauni bound express trains coming from Howrah, Sealdah, Ranchi, Kharagpur, Tatanagar, and Dhanbad stop here. The GT road or NH-2 passes 20 km south to Chittaranjan. By road, it is well connected to Dhanbad (65 km) and Dumka (100 km). Road transports of both Bengal and Jharkhand can be accessed from here. A unique feature of this place is that the railway station is located at Jharkhand state (name of the place- Mihijam, district: Jamtara) whereas the township is in West Bengal.

Chittaranjan also has about 50 bus services with Private buses (it includes one Volvo bus service) and a state bus services called SBSTC. It has a dedicated bus stand at Gate no.1 where buses arrive and depart to various locations like Haldia, Kolkata, Bankura, Mukutmunipur, Burdwan, Kalna, Asansol, Raniganj, Durgapur, Bongaon and many more.

Chittaranjan Locomotive Works[edit]

Chittaranjan is well known for Chittaranjan Locomotive Works (CLW), which manufactures mainline electric broad gauge locomotives. This factory commenced production in 1950; and up to 1972, it was involved in the production of broad gauge and meter gauge steam locomotives. Production of electric locomotives commenced in 1963. In addition to steam and electric locomotives, CLW also produced narrow gauge (762 mm) diesel locomotives of the ZDM class, meter gauge (1000 mm) diesel locomotives of the YDM class, and broad gauge hydraulic shunting locomotives of the WDS4 class. It also produced few special narrow gauge (2 ft, as in Darjeeling Himalayan Railway) diesel locomotives of the NDM class. Production of steam locomotives was discontinued in 1972 when the last steam locomotive, titled 'ANTIM SITARA' (The Last Star), was rolled out. Towards the early 90s production of diesel locomotives in CLW was discontinued altogether.

Today, Chittaranjan is the largest maker of electric locomotives. Chittaranjan has been given a Golden Peacock award by Lalu Prasad Yadav, former Railway Minister for the ISO-14001 certified green city, which is generally called Swarg. The present staff strength of CLW is around 13,000 people making it the biggest unit of the Indian Railways.

Facilities[edit]

Chittaranjan, an ISO-14001 certified township has neatly arranged row-houses, broad and clean roads, lots of greenery and lakes.[citation needed] The township houses over 9300 quarters of various types and sizes for the employees of CLW. All these quarters are neatly grouped under various areas with each area having its own Primary Health Unit (also known as a dispensary), marketplace, primary school, community hall, and playground. In addition to a dispensary in every area, CLW also has its own 200-bed hospital - the Kasturba Hospital.

Chittaranjan has non-stop electricity (24/7). Being a railway colony, a total of 3 DVC (Damodar Valley Corporation) power lines enters Chittaranjan, so that even after the failure of one power source, a power failure doesn't occur.

Chittaranjan also has an emergency diesel generator, for main infrastructures like Hospitals, CLW, post offices etc. in case of complete power failure. The last complete power failure occurred on 31 July 2012 during the India Blackouts.

The Diminutive Hilltop is the main water treatment plant located in Chittaranjan where water is purified and supplied to households 2 times a day, but the main infrastructure receives nonstop water.

Chittaranjan also has two big playgrounds: the "Oval" ground and the "Srilata" Ground, which hold various sub-divisional tournaments.

Chittaranjan also has a helipad at the Oval ground used by visiting delegates.

Chittaranjan has two multi-sport stadiums, two swimming pools, a basketball court, a badminton court, a lawn tennis court, many football grounds, a gymnasium and a fully air-conditioned indoor stadium.

Chittaranjan has one movie theater, the Ranjan Cinema that shows Hindi and Bengali movies.

Chittaranjan has many community halls where an annual Durga Puja festival is organized and celebrated, and where marriage ceremonies are conducted.

Chittaranjan is famous for its Durga puja celebration and is said to be one of the best among Durgapur, Kolkata, and Bardhaman.

Chittaranjan has a dedicated officer's club popularly called as Chittaranjan Club which is used by Officers of CLW for any ceremonial celebrations. Chittaranjan holds a number of guest houses like Chittaranjan Bhawan, and Mihijam Bhawan.

A stranger cannot enter Chittaranjan without showing the proper permit.

There are 3 gates to enter or leave the township.

Chittaranjan also has a river called "Ajay Nadi" which is a picnic spot for the residents. Along with River, Chittaranjan has many dams with many boating clubs and many parks. Chittaranjan was the first post-independence planned township of India. It has also recently received the "Greenest and cleanest city in India" award.

Chittaranjan offers high-speed data connectivity through Railwire (100Mbit/s), which is the government broadband service, along with 4G connectivity and broadband from BSNL, AIRTEL, RELIANCE JIO and many others.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Chattopadhyay, Akkori, Bardhaman Jelar Itihas O Lok Sanskriti (History and Folklore of Bardhaman District.), (in Bengali), Vol I, pp 14-15, Radical Impression. ISBN 81-85459-36-3
  2. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Chittaranjan
  3. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Burdwan". Tables 2.1, 2.2,. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 18 February 2017. 
  4. ^ "Asansol Durgapur Police Commissionerate". Find your police station. Asansol Durgapur Police. Archived from the original on 23 February 2017. Retrieved 18 February 2017. 
  5. ^ "2011 Census – Primary Census Abstract Data Tables". West Bengal – District-wise. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 18 February 2017. 
  6. ^ http://www.censusindia.gov.in/pca/SearchDetails.aspx?Id=358548

External links[edit]