From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about the city in India. For its namesake district, see Chittoor district.
Not to be confused with Chittor or Chittur or Chittoor (Kochi).
Chittoor is located in Andhra Pradesh
Coordinates: 13°12′00″N 79°07′00″E / 13.2000°N 79.1167°E / 13.2000; 79.1167Coordinates: 13°12′00″N 79°07′00″E / 13.2000°N 79.1167°E / 13.2000; 79.1167
Country India
State Andhra Pradesh
Region Rayalaseema
District Chittoor
 • City 33.57 km2 (12.96 sq mi)
Elevation 333.75 m (1,094.98 ft)
Population (2011)[2]
 • City 153,756
 • Density 4,600/km2 (12,000/sq mi)
 • Metro[3] 175,647
 • Official Telugu
 • Spoken Telugu, Tamil
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 517xxx
Telephone code +91–8572
Vehicle registration AP–03
Website Chittoor Municipal Corporation

Chittoor is a city and district headquarters in Chittoor district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is also the mandal and divisional headquarters of Chittoor mandal and Chittoor revenue division, respectively.[4] The city has a population of 153,766 and that of the agglomeration is 175,640.[2][5](2011 census)



The district abounds in several pre-historic sites. The surface finds discovered are assigned to special stages in the progress of civilization. The Palaeolithic tools are discovered at Tirupathi, Sitarampeta, Ellampalle, Mekalavandlapalle, Piler, etc. The Mesolithic tools are discovered at Chinthaparthi, Moratavandlapalle, Aruvandlapalle, Tirupathi etc. Remains of Neolithic and ancient tools are unearthed near Bangarupalem only. The existence of megolithic culture was revealed by the discovery of burials at Irulabanda, Bapanatham, Voyalpadu, Sodum, Velkuru, Nyakaneri, Basinikonda, etc.

Political history[edit]

The political history of the district commences with the Mauryas in the 4th century BC. The district of Chittoor was not a homogeneous administrative unit up to 1911. Its component parts were under the control of various principal dynasties at different periods of times, namely, the Mauryas, Satavahanas, Pallavas, Chalukyas of Badami, Rashtrakutas, Cholas, Pandyas, Royal of Vijayanagara, Qutub Shahis, Mughals, Asof Jahis, Marathas, Hyder Ali and Tipu of Mysore, and the British, besides minor dynasties such as the Renande Cholas, Banas, Vaidumbas, Nolambas, Western Gangas, Yadavas, Telugu Cholas, Matlis, Uttama Chola Ganga, Andiyaman, Siyaganga rulers, Nawabs of Kadapa and Arcot. The Zamindars of Karvetinagar, Srikalahasthi, Punganur and Kangundhi also ruled over this district.[6]


Chittoor city lies on the banks of Ponnai River at the southernmost part of Andhra Pradesh state. It is located on the NH 4 linking major metropolitan cities of Bangalore and Chennai.

The district derives its name from Chittoor, its headquarters town. It is located between the northern latitudes of 37" and 14??8" and between the eastern longitudes 78??33" and 79??55". It is bounded on the east by Nellore District of Andhra Pradesh and Trivuvallur and Vellore Districts of Tamil Nadu, on the west by Kolar and Chikkaballapur Districts of Karnataka, on the North Kadapa District of Andhra Pradesh and on the south by Dharmapuri District of Tamil Nadu. In respect of area it takes the eighth place with an area of 15,150 Square Kilometers which accounts for 5.51 percent of the total area of the state. The general elevation of the mountainous part of the district is 2500 feet above sea level. The Chennai & Bangalore cities are located in 150 km. and 165 km. respectively to Chittoor Town.[7]


Telugu is the official language. Tamil is the most widely spoken language in Chittoor city.Chittoor also has a sizeable population of Malayalam, Kannada, Marati speaking People. Its Multi cultural and Multi Linguistic. Chittoor has a population of 353,766[8] and has a sex ratio of 1000:1002 as compared to a ratio of 1000:992 in the state, as of 2011 census.[9] The literacy rate of the City is 90.60%.[10] Chittoor was upgraded as municipal corporation in 2011.


Chittoor Municipal Corporation is the civic administrative body of the city. It was constituted as a Grade–III municipality in the year 1917. It was upgraded to Grade–II in 1950, Grade–I in 1965, Special Grade in 1980 and Selection Grade in 2000. On 7 July 2012, it was upgraded to municipal corporation by merging 14 gram panchayats into the corporation and is spread over an of 69.75 km2 (26.93 sq mi).[11]


Chittoor is the district capital and houses many district level government institutions.

Chittoor is predominantly an agro-market place and a major market for mango, grain, sugarcane, and peanut. Other industries include oilseed, poultry and milk. Tomato farming contributing over 20% of the State's production. Ground nut is the most major commercial crop in the district followed by sugarcane and the major horticulture crop of mangoes. 2nd largest milk producing district with its expansive diary industries. In the field of Dairy, the district stood first in the state. The district is famous also for textile industries like that of Silk with 13000 power looms providing employment 40000 workers. Granite industry famous for its black, pink and grey granites.[12]


  • Chandragiri Fort is famous for the historical fort, built in the 11th century, and the Raja Mahal (Palace) is located in Chandragiri.
  • Gurramkonda Fort is a 500 year old historical fort.
  • National Atmospheric Research Lab (NARL) at Gadanki near Tirupathi.[13]
  • Boyakonda Gangamma is at diguvapalli, Chowdepalli(mandal), Chittoor (District).

Notable educational institutions[edit]

P. V. K. N. Government College


Chittoor is an assembly constituency in Andhra Pradesh.

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]