Chittoor, Andhra Pradesh

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Chittoor

చిత్తూరు
Chittoor railway station
Chittoor is located in Andhra Pradesh
Chittoor
Chittoor
Chittoor is located in India
Chittoor
Chittoor
Coordinates: 13°12′00″N 79°07′00″E / 13.2000°N 79.1167°E / 13.2000; 79.1167Coordinates: 13°12′00″N 79°07′00″E / 13.2000°N 79.1167°E / 13.2000; 79.1167
CountryIndia
StateAndhra Pradesh
RegionRayalaseema
DistrictChittoor
Municipality1917
Municipal corporation2012
Boroughs
Government
 • TypeMunicipal Corporation
 • BodyChittoor Municipal Corporation (CMC)
Area
 • City95.97 km2 (37.05 sq mi)
Area rank7th (Andhra Pradesh)
Elevation
333.75 m (1,094.98 ft)
Population
(2011)[1]
 • Rank13th (Andhra Pradesh) 233 (India)
 • Metro203,625
Languages
 • OfficialTelugu
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
517001
Telephone code+91–08572
Vehicle registrationAP–03
WebsiteOfficial website

Chittoor is a city and district headquarters in Chittoor district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is also the mandal and divisional headquarters of Chittoor mandal and Chittoor revenue division, respectively.[2] The city has a population of 153,766 and that of the agglomeration is 175,640.[3]

History[edit]

Pre-history[edit]

The district abounds in several pre-historic sites. The surface finds discovered are assigned to special stages in the progress of civilisation. The Palaeolithic tools are discovered at Tirupathi, Sitarampeta, Ellampalle, Mekalavandlapalle, Piler, etc. The Mesolithic tools are discovered at Chinthaparthi, Moratavandlapalle, Aruvandlapalle, Tirupathi etc. Remains of Neolithic and ancient tools are unearthed near Bangarupalem only. The existence of megolithic culture was revealed by the discovery of burials at Irulabanda, Bapanatham, Voyalpadu, Sodum, Velkuru, Nyakaneri, Basinikonda, etc.

Political history[edit]

The political history of the district commences with the Mauryas in the 4th century BC. The district of Chittoor was not a homogeneous administrative unit up to 1911. Its component parts were under the control of various principal dynasties at different periods of times, namely, the Mauryas, Satavahanas, Pallavas, Chalukyas of Badami, Rashtrakutas, Cholas, Pandyas, Royal of Vijayanagara, Qutub Shahis, Mughals, Asof Jahis, Marathas, Hyder Ali and Tipu of Mysore, and the British, besides minor dynasties such as the Renande Cholas, Banas, Vaidumbas, Nolambas, Western Gangas, Yadavas, Telugu Cholas, Matlis, Uttama Chola, Andiyaman, Siyaganga rulers, Nawabs of Kadapa and Arcot. The Zamindars of Karvetinagar, Srikalahasthi, Punganur and Kangundhi also ruled over this district.[4]

Geography[edit]

Chittoor city lies on the banks of Neeva River at the southernmost part of Andhra Pradesh state. It is located on the NH 69 and NH 4 linking major metropolitan cities of Bangalore and Chennai.

It is located between the northern latitudes of 37" and 14°8" and between the eastern longitudes 78°33" and 79°55". It is bounded on the east by Nellore District of Andhra Pradesh and South by Vellore, Thiruvallur Districts of Tamil Nadu, on the west by Kolar and Chikkaballapur Districts of Karnataka, on the North Kadapa District of Andhra Pradesh and on the south by Dharmapuri District of Tamil Nadu. In respect of area it takes the eighth place with an area of 15,150 Square Kilometers which accounts for 5.51 percent of the total area of the state. The general elevation of the mountainous part of the district is 2500 feet above sea level. The Chennai & Bangalore cities are located in 150 km. and 165 km. respectively to Chittoor Town.[5]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Chittoor, Andhra Pradesh
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 28.7
(83.7)
31.4
(88.5)
34.4
(93.9)
36.4
(97.5)
40.0
(104)
35.5
(95.9)
33.5
(92.3)
33.3
(91.9)
32.8
(91)
31.1
(88)
28.8
(83.8)
27.6
(81.7)
32.8
(91)
Average low °C (°F) 17.7
(63.9)
18.8
(65.8)
21.2
(70.2)
24.5
(76.1)
26.2
(79.2)
25.7
(78.3)
24.6
(76.3)
24.4
(75.9)
23.8
(74.8)
22.5
(72.5)
20.2
(68.4)
18.1
(64.6)
22.3
(72.2)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 6
(0.24)
6
(0.24)
8
(0.31)
24
(0.94)
58
(2.28)
72
(2.83)
102
(4.02)
115
(4.53)
145
(5.71)
162
(6.38)
110
(4.33)
54
(2.13)
862
(33.94)
Source: Climate-Data.org[6]

Demographics[edit]

Telugu is the official and widely spoken language.[7] Chittoor also has a sizeable population of Tamil, Kannada and Urdu speaking people. Chittoor has a population of 353,766[8] and has a sex ratio of 1002 females per 1000 males compared to the state average of 992 females, as of 2011 census.[9] The literacy rate of the City is 90.60%.[10] Chittoor was upgraded as municipal corporation in 2011.

Governance[edit]

Chittoor Municipal Corporation is the civic administrative body of the city. It was constituted as a Grade–III municipality in the year 1917. It was upgraded to Grade–II in 1950, Grade–I in 1965, Special Grade in 1980 and Selection Grade in 2000. On 7 July 2012, it was upgraded to municipal corporation by merging 14 gram panchayats into the corporation and is spread over an area of 69.75 km2 (26.93 sq mi).[11]

Economy[edit]

Agriculture near Chittoor

Chittoor is the district capital and houses many district level government institutions.

Chittoor is predominantly an agro-market place and a major market for mango, grain, sugarcane, and peanut. Other industries include oilseed, poultry and milk. Tomato farming contributing over 20% of the State's production. Ground nut is the most major commercial crop in the district followed by sugarcane and the major horticulture crop of mangoes. 2nd largest milk producing district with its expansive dairy industries. In the field of Dairy, the district stood first in the state. The district is famous also for textile industries like that of Silk with 13,000 power looms providing employment 40,000 workers. Granite industry famous for its black, pink and grey granites.[12]

Landmarks[edit]

The Swayambu Varasidhi Vinayakaswamy temple at Kanipakam is the famous notable Hindu temple near the city.

Ardhagiri Anjaneyaswamy temple at Aragonda is the notable landmark near the city.

The 11th century historical Chandragiri Fort is the notable landmark near the city.

Education[edit]

The primary and secondary school education is imparted by government, aided and private schools of the School Education Department of the state.[13][14] The medium of instruction followed by different schools are English and Telugu.

Engineering colleges:

Medical colleges:

Others:

Transport[edit]

Roadways

APS RTC bus on Chittoor Roads

The city is well connected to major cities through national and state highways. The National Highways through Chittoor City are, National Highway 40 (India) connecting Chittoor with Kadapa and Kurnool on North and connecting Vellore and Chennai on South National Highway 69 (India) connecting Chittoor with Kolar and Bangalore on West National Highway 140 (India) connecting Chittoor with Tirupati and Nellore on East. The city has total road length of 382.30 km.[19]

Public transport

The Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation operates bus services from Chittoor bus station.[20] Bus services are operated to Kanipakam, Tirupati, Madanapalli, Plamaner, Piler, Puttur, Kuppam, Srikalahasti,Nellore, Vellore, Tiruvannamalai, Kanchipuram, Chennai, Puducherry, Kolar, Banglore, Mysore, Kurnool, Kadapa, Anantapur, Hydrabad,Hanumakonda, Warangal, Vijayawada, Guntur, Ongole, Rajahmundry, Amaravti and also to all other major towns and cities in the Chittoor District, Andhra Pradesh, Tamilnadu, Karnataka, Puducherry and Telangana states.

Railways Chittoor railway station is a National railway station in Chittoor city of Andhra Pradesh. It lies on Gudur-Katpadi Branch line section and is administered under Guntakal railway division of South Central Railway zone. Nearest Major Railway Junction is Katpadi Junction Railway station Tamil Nadu. Just 30 km From Chittoor city.

Airport

The nearest domestic airport is Tirupati Airport at Renigunta in Chittoor District, Andhra pradesh.

The nearest international airports are Chennai International Airport at Chennai and Kempegowda International Airport at Bangalore.

Politics[edit]

Chittoor is an assembly constituency in Andhra Pradesh. Chittoor is part of Chittoor (Lok Sabha constituency). Naramalli SivaPrasad of TeluguDesam Party is the sitting Member of Parliament for Chittoor (Lok Sabha constituency) and D.K.Sathyaprabha of Telugu Desam Party is the sitting Member of Legislative Assembly for Chittoor (Assembly constituency).

Assembly Election Results:

Year A. C. No. Assembly Constituency Name Type of A.C. Winner Candidates Name Gender Party Votes Runner UP Gender Party Votes
2014 291 Chittoor GEN D. A. Sathya Prabha F TDP 73430 Jangalapalli Srinivasulu (Jmc) M YSRC 66631
2009 291 Chittoor GEN C.K.Jayachandra Reddy M INC 46094 Arani Srinivasulu J.M.C M PRAP 44384
2004 140 Chittoor GEN A.S. Manohar M TDP 58788 C.K. Jayachandra Reddy @ C.K.Babu M IND 54900
1999 140 Chittoor GEN C.K.Jayachandra Reddy(C.K.Babu) M INC 62999 A.S.Manohar M TDP 48702
1994 140 Chittoor GEN C.K. Jayachandra Reddy M INC 46709 A.S. Manohar M TDP 44623
1989 140 Chittoor GEN C.K. Jayachandra Reddy@C.K Babu M IND 44972 C. Hari Prasad M TDP 26986
1985 140 Chittoor GEN R. Gopinathan M INC 45081 Rajasimhulu M TDP 36439
1983 140 Chittoor GEN Hansi Laxmi F IND 49127 Venkateswara Chowdery N. P M INC 32693
1978 140 Chittoor GEN N.P.Venkateswara Choudary M JNP 29941 C.V.L. Narayana M INC(I) 21139
1972 140 Chittoor GEN D. Anianeyulu Naidu M INC 32607 K. M. Erriah M DMK 14324
1967 137 Chittoor GEN D. A. Naidu M INC 32559 P. V. Naidu M SWA 20979
1962 144 Chittoor GEN C. D. Naidu M SWA 35256 P. Chinnama Reddy M INC 13301
1955 124 Chittoor GEN Chinnama Reddy M INC 17397 C.V. Srinivasa Modaliar M IND 104

Parliament Election Results:

PC No. PC Name Category Winner Gender Party Vote Runner Up Gender Party Vote
2014 42 Chittoor (SC) Naramalli Sivaprasad M TDP 594862 G.Samanyakiran M YSRCP 550724
2009 42 Chittoor (SC) Sivaprasad,Dr. Naramalli M TDP 434376 Thippeswamy M M INC 423717
2004 21 Chittoor GEN D.K. Audikesavulu M TDP 454128 Dr. Ravuri Venkata Swamy M INC 391990
1999 21 Chittoor GEN Noothana Kalva Ramakrishna Reddy M TDP 419208 R. Gopinath M INC 400570
1998 21 Chittoor GEN Nuthanakalva Ramakrishna Reddy M TDP 349831 Gnanendra Reddy.M M INC 269750
1996 21 Chittoor GEN N.Ramakrishna Reddy M TDP 405052 Audikesavulu D.K M INC 343702
1991 21 Chittoor GEN M. Gnanendra Reddy M INC 373631 Gurram V. Sreenatha Reddy M TDP 263649
1989 21 Chittoor GEN Gnanendra Reddy M INC 390786 N.Rangaswamy M TDP 308278
1984 21 Chittoor GEN N.P.Jhansi Lakshmi F TDP 332543 Amaranadha Reddy Nallari M INC 271332
1980 21 Chittoor GEN P. Rajagopal Naidu M INC(I) 232249 N. P. Chengalraya Nayudu M JNP 172402
1977 21 Chittoor GEN P. Rajagopal Naidu M INC 229252 N. P. Changalraya Naidu M BLD 218805
1971 21 Chittoor GEN P. Narasimha Reddy M INC 245052 K. P. Chengalraya Naidu M NCO 116313
1967 21 Chittoor GEN N.P.C. Naidu M INC 186594 N.G. Ranga M SWA 158931
1962 22 Chittoor GEN Madabhusi Ananthasayanam Ayyangar M INC 130026 C.V.L. Narayan M SWA 106062
1957 17 Chittoor GEN M.V. Gangadharasiva M INC Uncontested
1957 17 Chittoor GEN M. Ananthasayanam Ayyangar M INC 154817 C.V.L. Narayan M IND 71357

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Introduction". chittoormunicipalcorporation. Retrieved 30 June 2015.
  2. ^ "Chittoor District Mandals" (PDF). Census of India. pp. 497, 518–19. Retrieved 19 June 2015.
  3. ^ "Andhra Pradesh (India): Districts, Cities, Towns and Outgrowth Wards – Population Statistics in Maps and Charts". citypopulation.de.
  4. ^ "::chittoor::". ap.gov.in.
  5. ^ Topography/ Boundaries – CHITTOOR DISTRICT'S OFFICIAL WEBSITE | ANDHRA PRADESH | INDIA - చిత్తూరు జిల్లా అధికారిక వెబ్సైట్ - ChittoorDistrictWebsite Archived 22 July 2013 at the Wayback Machine.
  6. ^ "CLIMATE: CHITTOOR". Retrieved 19 February 2016.
  7. ^ "WELCOME TO CENSUS OF INDIA : Census India Library". www.censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 25 April 2016.
  8. ^ http://www.censusindia.gov.in/towns/ap_towns.pdf
  9. ^ Sex Ratio of Andhra Pradesh is 992 per 1000 as per Census 2011 | Census 2011 Indian Population Archived 23 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine.. Census2011.co.in (27 April 2011). Retrieved on 2012-01-07.
  10. ^ Chittor Municipality Archived 10 July 2008 at the Wayback Machine.. Chittoor.ap.gov.in. Retrieved on 7 January 2012.
  11. ^ "Chittoor Municipal Corporation at a glance". Chittoor Municipal Corporation. Retrieved 30 September 2015.
  12. ^ Commerce/ Industries – CHITTOOR DISTRICT'S OFFICIAL WEBSITE | ANDHRA PRADESH | INDIA - చిత్తూరు జిల్లా అధికారిక వెబ్సైట్ - ChittoorDistrictWebsite Archived 2 May 2014 at the Wayback Machine.
  13. ^ "School Education Department" (PDF). School Education Department, Government of Andhra Pradesh. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 December 2015. Retrieved 7 November 2016.
  14. ^ "The Department of School Education – Official AP State Government Portal | AP State Portal". www.ap.gov.in. Archived from the original on 7 November 2016. Retrieved 7 November 2016.
  15. ^ SITAMS: Sreenivasa Institute of Technology and Management Studies
  16. ^ SVCET: Sri Venkateswara College of Engineering Technology.
  17. ^ Apollo Institute of Medical Sciences and Research.
  18. ^ RVS Institute of Medical Sciences
  19. ^ "DETAILS OF ROADS IN EACH ULB OF ANDHRA PRADESH". Archived from the original on 1 August 2016.
  20. ^ "Bus Stations in Districts". Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation. Archived from the original on 22 March 2016. Retrieved 9 March 2016.
  21. ^ "Dr. C. R. Reddy". 1973. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007.
  22. ^ Nara Chandrababu Naidu

External links[edit]