Chitungwiza

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Chitungwiza
Coat of arms of Chitungwiza
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): Chi Town
Motto: Pamberi Nekushandira Pamwe
Chitungwiza is located in Zimbabwe
Chitungwiza
Chitungwiza
Coordinates: 17°59′38″S 31°02′53″E / 17.99389°S 31.04806°E / -17.99389; 31.04806Coordinates: 17°59′38″S 31°02′53″E / 17.99389°S 31.04806°E / -17.99389; 31.04806
Country Zimbabwe
Province Harare Province
Formed 1978
Government
 • Mayor Phillip Mutoti
Elevation 1,448 m (4,751 ft)
Population (2012 census)
 • Total 365,026
Time zone CET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+1)
Climate Cwb

Chitungwiza – known colloquially as Chi Town – is a high-density dormitory town in Zimbabwe. It is approximately 30 kilometres south-east of the Harare city centre. It was formed in 1978 from three townships: Seke, Zengeza, and St Marys.From early 2000s another township named Manyame Park (New St Marys) was established making them four.

Background[edit]

Chitungwiza is the largest high density town in Zimbabwe, it is popularly known for its hospital named Chitungwiza Central Hospital which is located in Zengeza 4 a suburb in Chitungwiza . Chitungwiza came into existence in the late 1970s with most black people who stayed in oldest high density towns like Highfield migrating to Chitungwiza. Chitungwiza has several suburbs. The oldest of the suburbs is St Mary's which is divided into two sections, Manyame Park (New St Mary's) and Old St Mary's, St Mary's is popularly known for being the oldest suburb in Chitown. There is Zengeza, which is divided into 5 sections i.e. Zengeza 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5. Zengeza 4 being relatively the largest section. There is also Seke another suburb located in Chtown and it is divided into many sections i.e. Unit A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, J, K, L, M, N, O AND P. There is a shopping mall in Chitungwiza which located between Seke (Unit D) and Zengeza(Zengeza 4) it is popularly known as Chitungwiza Town Centre. Some of the popular shopping centres in Chitungwiza include Makoni, Chikwanha, PaGomba, Pazvido, PaJambanja, Chigovanyika, Huruyadzo, PaDaddy,unit j shopping centre, Zengeza 2 shopping centre. Chitungwiza is also well known as home for some famous people in Zimbabwe including the late John Chibadura (Mr Chitungwiza also Longest reigning King of Sungura), Charles Charamba, Prophet Emmanuel Makandiwa, Prophet Walter Magaya, and Alick Macheso.

Governing Structures

In Chitungwiza, a prospective city the services are provided by Chitungwiza Municipality [1] which is run by the Chitungwiza Municipality Ward Councillors. There are 25 wards in Chitungwiza, and from the 25 ward councillors, a mayor, deputy mayor and finance committee chairperson are selected from these councillors. The councillors including those elected for posts serve for 5-year term of office and are overally elected by the ward residents on Zimbabwe hamornised elections. The one who is in charge of the management and all employees of Chitungwiza Municipality, is the Town Clerk. The current Mayor [2] and Deputy Mayor are Mr Phillip Mutoti and Mr Mushangwe respectively, for the 2013-2018 term of office. The Town Clerk is Dr George Makunde,[3] and since he is a Government employee, there is no term of office. The Director of Health and Environmental Services is Dr Tonderai Kasu,[4] the Director of Engineering Services is Eng Maxwell Karenyi and the Finance Director is Mrs Evangelista Machona.

In 1999, Chitungwiza Municipality [5] adopted a new way of advocacy, in which they enacted a Junior Council which advocates for the realisation of the rights of the children of Chitungwiza. The Junior Council is a mirror of the senior council (Chitungwiza Municipality Council), though the major difference in structures is that at Junior Council, The Junior Town Clerk is a Junior Councillor elected to uphold the administrative duties of advocacy at Junior Council level.The Junior Council also serve one-year term of office. The wellknown Junior Councillors are Joseph Kauzani,[6] Munesu Matsenga, Memory Chibundu, Tinayeishe Gurupira and Poseidon Tsautsau who served as Junior Public Relations Officer (2008–09), Junior Town Clerk (2013–14), Junior Mayor (2013-14), Junior Mayor (2015-16 current) and Junior Town Clerk (2015-16 current)

Infrastructure[edit]

There are two main highways which connect the city to Harare.[7] Public transport is composed of regular single level buses and more reliably minibus taxis (called emergency taxis locally). Chitungwiza has over 30 primary schools and over 25 secondary schools.

In terms of education, Chitungwiza has several schools some run by the local council, some by government and a few privately owned. Among the schools you find Zengeza 1 High School, Seke 1 High School and Nyatsime College which each holds national records of both being the best result producers of the year. In higher education, Seke Teachers' College which opened its doors to the public in 1982 trains primary school teachers in the general course and Early Childhood Development. St Mary's ECD centre, the national model ECD centre is also found in Chitungwiza.

As compared to other countries in Africa, schools in this town are well built and of higher standards. except a few which are privately owned.

There are several public municipal clinics and privately owned surgeries which compliment the Chitungwiza Hospital efforts and another bigger hospital called South Medical or CitiMed as of present.

Chitungwiza's infrastructure is fast growing with private people Fradreck Mabamba, Sifra, Ngonidzashe Jiji and others building shopping malls and businesses premises. individuals are also building houses at a very fast pace. Prophet Emmanuel Makandiwa is building a multimillion-dollar mega Church between Zengeza and Unit D

The Chitungwiza Aquatic Complex, built in 1995 for the All Africa Games, is no longer functional, and serves as a music venue.[8]

The infrastructure in Chitungwiza and run by Chitungwiza Municipality, was blasted by a local poet Poseidon Tsautsau, in his poem named Chitungwiza Municipality [9] (2014). Tsautsau brings out the topics of outdated infrastructure and its cause which is mainly corruption by the city fathers.

Demographics[edit]

Chitungwiza is located in the traditional territory of the Hera people. Its most distinguished historical figure is the Pasipamire, the pre-colonial svikiro (spirit medium) of Chaminuka. He is remembered for predicting the colonisation of the country by the British.

Johane Masowe we Chishanu is one of largest religion worshiping in the open spaces and vleis. Emmanuel Makandiwa of the United Family International Church has built the biggest church in Chitungwiza thereby bringing a huge transformation to Chitungwiza's infrastructure, he also is claimed to have the largest following of over hundred thousand members to date. Apostolic Faith Mission in Zimbabwe is also one of the largest churches with two provinces Chitungwiza East under the leadership of Overseer A Madawo and Chitungwiza West under the leadership of Overseer Dandure. The late renowned Overseer P.D. Chiweshe was also a pastor of AFM at Seke Assembly for 23 years.The economy is supported by informal trade, residents earn a living through selling green groceries at informal markets such as Chikwanha, Jambanja and Huruyadzo.

Artists[edit]

Art has proven to be among the highest contributors of income in Chitungwiza, many musicians come from Chitungwiza with the well known ones being

  • Alick Macheso
  • Krayne
  • Nicholas Zacharia
  • Mechanic Manyeruke
  • Amos and Micah Mahendere
  • Mu Netsi
  • Dhadza D
  • Guspy Warrior
  • Dexter Detroy
  • Maskiri
  • Job Mashanda
  • Igwe(SSJ)
  • The late Leonard Dembo
  • Brythreesixty
  • Tafdis
  • The late Marshall Munhumumwe
  • The late System Tazvida
  • The late Cephas Mashakada
  • The late John Chibadura who was nicknamed Mr. Chitungwiza

It is also the home of Chitungwiza Harmony singers, a choral outfit that was founded by the late Israel Dzangare, a young brother to the late Overseer Chiweshe.

Apart from performing Artists and Musicians, Chitungwiza has produced great visual artists particularly in Shona Stone Sculpture. World-renowned Sculptors like Nesbert Mukomberanwa, Sylvester Mubayi, Willard Chiwawa and the late Fanizani Akuda are products of Chitungwiza.

Chitungwiza Art Centre was established in 1997 to facilitate the growth of the visual arts industry, art promoters like AVAC Arts have created a platform for artists to market and sell their artworks internationally.

History[edit]

The name Chitungwiza was adopted from a Shona name which is shrine of an inspirational spirit medium (Svikiro) Chaminuka who had his shrine called *dungwiza* raChaminuka in the modern day Chitungwiza back in the late 19th century.[10]

Chitungwiza gained full municipal status in 1996 and is the third-largest and the fastest-growing urban centre in Zimbabwe. According to the 2012 Population Census, the city had a population of 321,782. However, its true population is closer to one million[citation needed]. Most of the people work in Harare, as there is very little industry in Chitungwiza. There are growth points (an urban area with limited tax breaks) there and bus ranks. The Chitungwiza City Council is dominated by the opposition Movement for Democratic Change.

Chitungwiza was one of the areas targeted by Operation Murambatsvina in 2005 in which many residents lost their homes and businesses.Some of the Businesses that were lost during Operation Murambatsvina include a home industry that was operating in the outskirts adjacent to Zengeza 1, in this complex were over 50 Businesses, and over a thousand people lost their jobs.

Like many of Zimbabwe's major cities, Chitungwiza is in a serious water supply crisis.

References[1][edit]