Chivito (sandwich)

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Chivito
Chivito1.jpg
TypeSandwich
Place of originUruguay
Created byAntonio Carbonara[1]
Main ingredientsBun, churrasco beef, bacon, fried or hard-boiled eggs, ham, black or green olives, mozzarella, tomatoes, mayonnaise
Ingredients in a Chivito sandwich
A Chivito sandwich, with all the trimmings

Chivito is the national dish of Uruguay, It is a thin slice of tender cooked beef steak (churrasco), with mozzarella, tomatoes, mayonnaise, black or green olives, and commonly also bacon, fried or hard-boiled eggs and ham, served as a sandwich in a bun, often accompanied by French fried potatoes.[2][3] Other ingredients, such as red beets, peas, grilled or pan-fried red peppers, and slices of cucumber, may be added.[4][5]

In Argentina a sandwich of this sort is called lomito, with chivito retaining its literal meaning of "kid meat".

Origin[edit]

Chivito is the diminutive of chivo, goat, and means kid (young goat). In neighbouring Argentina, chivito, barbecued kid, is a popular asado dish; it is reported that the Uruguayan chivito arose in Punta del Este, Uruguay, at a restaurant called "El Mejillón Bar" in 1946, when a woman[6][7][8] from Argentina ordered a sandwich of chivito for a hurried meal, expecting kid.[1] The restaurant owner, Antonio Carbonaro, did not have this meat, and used beef fillet steak instead.[9][10]

Variations[edit]

The Canadian Chivito (in Spanish chivito canadiense) is a variation of the sandwich, with the addition of panceta ("Canadian bacon").[11]

The chivito can be served as a platter rather than a sandwich (chivito al plato).[10] It is usually served with Russian salad or French fries.

Maldonado, Uruguay[edit]

Maldonado, Uruguay holds a chivito party on a date close to Maldonado Day, October 19. Activities typically include food tasting, children's activities (pony rides, milking cows), and live music.[12] and dance presentations.[13]

The second party was held in Plaza San Fernando on October 19–21, 2012,[14][15] and third on October 17–21, 2013.[16][17][18][19]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Abandon Hope All Ye Who Enter 2010 with New Year's Resolutions! Behold, El Chivito!". weareneverfull.com. Retrieved 8 May 2018.
  2. ^ Caskey, Liz (2010). Knack South American Cooking: A Step-by-Step Guide to Authentic Dishes Made Easy. Guilford, CT, USA: Globe Pequot Press. pp. 148–149. ISBN 978-1-59921-918-9.
  3. ^ Bernhardson, Wayne (2008). Moon Buenos Aires. Berkeley, CA, USA: Avalon Travel div. of Perseus Books Group. p. 74. ISBN 978-1-56691-991-3.
  4. ^ "The Best Moments From Anthony Bourdain's Visit to Uruguay on 'Parts Unknown'". eater.com. Retrieved 8 May 2018.
  5. ^ "A sandwich is just a sandwich, but in Uruguay, the chivito is a national emblem". explorepartsunknown.com. 2 May 2018. Retrieved 8 May 2018.
  6. ^ "EL CHIVITO, EL BOCATA MÁS POPULAR DEL MUNDO. | galiciaunica".
  7. ^ S.L, Titania Cía Editorial. "El chivito, el sandwich uruguayo que hizo feliz al Che e incomodó a Sabina - Sábado, 08 Noviembre 2014 13:55". El Confidencial.
  8. ^ "El chivito, el sandwich uruguayo que hizo feliz al Che e incomodó a Sabina". La Vanguardia.
  9. ^ "Historia de la creación de "El Chivito"" [History of the creation of "el chivito"]. Archived from the original on 22 October 2013.
  10. ^ a b "Murió el inventor del chivito uruguayo" [The inventor of the "chivito uruguayo" has died]. La Nacion (Buenos Aires, Argentina) (in Spanish). 11 November 2003. Retrieved 27 August 2017.
  11. ^ "Chivito Canadiense". Radio Nacional (Uruguay) (in Spanish). 8 April 2017. Retrieved 27 August 2017.
  12. ^ "Municipio de Maldonado". municipiomaldonado.gub.uy. Archived from the original on 22 October 2013. Retrieved 8 May 2018.
  13. ^ "Municipio de Maldonado". municipiomaldonado.gub.uy. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 8 May 2018.
  14. ^ Second Chivito Festival in Maldonado (Spanish only)
  15. ^ "Maldonado celebra la Fiesta del Chivito y las tradiciones camperas, Noticias de Maldonado". maldonadonoticias.com. Retrieved 8 May 2018.
  16. ^ Third Chivito Festival in Maldonado (Spanish only)
  17. ^ "El "Día de Maldonado" y la "3ª Fiesta del Chivito" se vivirán a lo grande - Maldonado Noticias". maldonadonoticias.com. Retrieved 8 May 2018.
  18. ^ "Sigue la Fiesta del Chivito". fmgente.com.uy. Retrieved 8 May 2018.
  19. ^ "El Espectador 810". espectador.com.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Chivito at Wikimedia Commons