Chlamyphoridae

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Chlamyphoridae
Temporal range: Middle Eocene to present
Chlamyphorus truncatus - Naturmuseum Senckenberg - DSC02081.JPG
Taxiderm pink fairy armadillo (Chlamyphorus truncatus)
Doedicurus.png
Illustration of a skeleton of Doedicurus clavicaudatus
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Cingulata
Family: Chlamyphoridae
Bonaparte, 1850
Subfamilies

Chlamyphoridae is a family of cingulate mammals. While glyptodonts have traditionally been considered stem-group cingulates outside the group that contains modern armadillos, there had been speculation that the extant family Dasypodidae could be paraphyletic based on morphological evidence.[1][2][3][4] In 2016, an analysis of Doedicurus mtDNA found it was, in fact, nested within the modern armadillos as the sister group of a clade consisting of Chlamyphorinae and Tolypeutinae.[5][6] For this reason, all armadillos but Dasypus were relocated to a new family.

Classification[edit]

Below is a taxonomy of the extant species of armadillos in this family.

Family Chlamyphoridae

Cladogram after the analysis of Delsuc et al., 2016:[5]

Chlamyphoridae

Euphractinae


Euphractus sexcinctus




Chaetophractus villosus




Zaedyus pichiy



Chaetophractus vellerosus







Glyptodontinae



Chlamyphorinae


Chlamyphorus truncatus



Calyptophractus retusus



Tolypeutinae


Priodontes maximus





Tolypeutes tricinctus



Tolypeutes matacus





Cabassous tatouay




Cabassous chacoensis




Cabassous centralis



Cabassous unicinctus










References[edit]

  1. ^ Simpson, G. G. (1945). The principles of classification and a classification of mammals. Bull. Amer. Museum Nat. History., 85.
  2. ^ Grassé, P. P. (1955). "Ordre des édentés". Traité de zoologie. 17 (2): 1182–1246. 
  3. ^ Engelmann, G. F. (1985). The phylogeny of the Xenarthra. The evolution and ecology of armadillos, sloths, and vermilinguas. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC, 51-64.
  4. ^ Wible, J. R. (2006). 6 The Phylogeny of Living and Extinct Armadillos (Mammalia, Xenarthra, Cingulata): A Craniodental Analysis. Amniote Paleobiology: Perspectives on the Evolution of Mammals, Birds, and Reptiles: University of Chicago Press, Chicago, IL, 153-198.
  5. ^ a b Delsuc, F.; Gibb, G. C.; Kuch, M.; Billet, G.; Hautier, L.; Southon, J.; Rouillard, J.-M.; Fernicola, J. C.; Vizcaíno, S. F.; MacPhee, R. D. E.; Poinar, H. N. (2016-02-22). "The phylogenetic affinities of the extinct glyptodonts". Current Biology. 26 (4): R155–R156. doi:10.1016/j.cub.2016.01.039. 
  6. ^ Gillian C. Gibb; Fabien L. Condamine; Melanie Kuch; Jacob Enk; Nadia Moraes-Barros; Mariella Superina; Hendrik N. Poinar; Frédéric Delsuc (2016). "Shotgun Mitogenomics Provides a Reference Phylogenetic Framework and Timescale for Living Xenarthrans". Molecular Biology and Evolution. 33: 621–642. doi:10.1093/molbev/msv250. PMC 4760074Freely accessible. PMID 26556496.