Shilha people

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Shilha (Chleuh)
Išlḥiyn
Chleuh (Suss) Berbers in Morocco
Total population
(approx. 4 million (2004 census))
Regions with significant populations
Morocco - Atlas Mountains, Souss Valley
Languages
Shilha-Berber
Religion
Predominantly Muslim, Jewish and Christian minority
Related ethnic groups
Berbers
Person ašlḥiy (male speaker), tašlḥiyt (female speaker)
People išlḥiyn
Language tašlḥiyt

The Shilha people or Shluh are a Berber ethnic group in Morocco.[1] The self-name is Išlḥiyn, in French literature they usually are referred to as les Chleuhs. They live mainly in Morocco's Atlas Mountains and Souss Valley. The speak the Tashelhiyt language, which has around 4,77 million speakers (14,1% of Moroccan population of 33,848 millions,2014 census). [2][3]

The indigenous peoples of the central Moroccan coast, noted by the early Phoenician explorers, would have been the Chleuh. The first millennium voyages of Hanno described the Phoenicians' methods of peacefully trading with the native peoples of the Mogador area.[4]

The Shilha are associated with Berber music and dance.

Through a process of linguistic transference, from the period of French colonial rule in North Africa, the name "Chleuh" also came to be a French pejorative term for Germans.

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Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Shluh", Encyclopædia Britannica online, 2008, webpage: EB-Shluh.
  2. ^ Haut commissariat au Plan, Moroccan Kingdom, Haut commissariat au Plan. "Recensement général de la population et de l'habitat 2014". HCP (in French). Governement of Morocco. Retrieved 16 August 2016. 
  3. ^ Haut commissariat du Plan. "Langues locales utilisées - Maroc". HCP (in Franch). Haut commissariat du Plan. Retrieved 16 August 2016. 
  4. ^ C. Michael Hogan, Mogador: promontory fort, The Megalithic Portal, ed. Andy Burnham, Nov. 2, 2007, webpage: Megalithic-17926.

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