Chloe Stevens Sevigny
November 18, 1974
Chloë Stevens Sevigny (//, born November 18, 1974) is an American actress, model, filmmaker, and fashion designer. Known for her work in independent films, often appearing in controversial or experimental features, Sevigny is the recipient of several accolades, including a Golden Globe Award, a Satellite Award, an Independent Spirit Award, as well as nominations for an Academy Award and three Screen Actors Guild Awards. She also has a career in fashion design concurrent with her acting work. Over the years, her alternative fashion sense has earned her a reputation as a "style icon".
After graduating from high school, Sevigny found work as a model, and appeared in music videos for Sonic Youth and The Lemonheads, which helped acquire her "it girl" status. In 1995, she made her film debut in Kids, which earned her critical acclaim. A string of roles in small-scale features throughout the late 1990s, like 1996's Trees Lounge, further established her as a prominent performer in the independent film scene. Sevigny rose to prominence with her portrayal of Lana Tisdel in the drama film Boys Don't Cry (1999), for which she received a nomination for the Academy Award For Best Supporting Actress.
Throughout the 2000s, Sevigny appeared in supporting parts in numerous independent films, including American Psycho (2000), Demonlover (2002); Party Monster and Dogville (both 2003); and The Brown Bunny (2004). Her participation in the last caused considerable controversy due to a scene in which she performed graphic unsimulated fellatio. From 2006 to 2011, Sevigny portrayed Nicolette Grant on the HBO series Big Love, for which she won a Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress in 2010. She also appeared in mainstream films such as David Fincher's Zodiac (2007), and the biopic Mr. Nice (2010).
After the conclusion of Big Love, Sevigny went on to appear in numerous television projects, starring in the British series Hit & Miss (2012), and having supporting roles in Portlandia (2013), two seasons of American Horror Story; and in the Netflix series Bloodline (2015–2017). Sevigny made her directorial debut in 2016 with the short film Kitty, followed by a second short film titled Carmen. She had several supporting parts in 2017 before obtaining a lead role portraying Lizzie Borden in the independent thriller Lizzie (2018), followed by another lead role in Jim Jarmusch's horror comedy The Dead Don't Die (2019). Her third film as a director, a short titled White Echo, competed for the Short Film Palme d'Or at the 2019 Cannes Film Festival.
Life and career
1974–1993: Early life
Chloë Stevens Sevigny was born in Springfield, Massachusetts, on November 18, 1974, the second child of Janine (née Malinowski) and Harold David Sevigny (1940—1996). She has one older brother, Paul. According to Sevigny, she added the diaeresis to her first name later in life, and it was not on her birth certificate. Her mother is Polish-American, and her father was of French-Canadian heritage. Sevigny and her brother were raised in a strict Catholic household in affluent Darien, Connecticut, where her father worked first as an accountant, and then as an art teacher. Despite Darien's wealth, the Sevignys had a "frugal" household, and were considered "the poor bohemians in [an] extremely prosperous neighborhood". Sevigny has stated that her father "worked very hard to bring us up in that town ... He wanted us to grow up in a really safe environment."
As a child, Sevigny was diagnosed with scoliosis, but never received any surgical treatment for it. She often spent summers attending theater camp, with leading roles in plays run by the YMCA. She attended Darien High School, where she was a member of the Alternative Learning Program. While in high school, she often babysat actor Topher Grace and his younger sister. As a young teenager, she worked sweeping the tennis courts of a country club her family could not afford to join.
Sevigny described herself as a "loner" and a "depressed teenager" whose only extracurricular activities were occasionally skateboarding with her older brother and sewing her own clothes. In high school, she grew rebellious and began experimenting with drugs, particularly hallucinogens. She has said that her father was aware of her experimentation, and even told her that it was okay, but that she had "to stop if she had bad trips". Despite her father's leniency, her mother forced her to attend Alcoholics Anonymous meetings. Sevigny has later stated about her teenage drug use that "I had a great family life—I would never want it to look as if it reflected on them. I think I was very bored ... I often feel it's because I experimented when I was younger that I have no interest as an adult. I know a lot of adults who didn't, and it's much more dangerous when you start experimenting with drugs as an adult." Sevigny's father died of cancer in 1996, when she was 22 years old.
As a teenager, Sevigny would occasionally ditch school in Darien and take the train into Manhattan. In 1992, at age 17, she was spotted on an East Village street by Andrea Linett, a fashion editor of Sassy magazine, who was so impressed by her style that she asked her to model for the magazine; she was later made an intern. When recounting the event, Sevigny recalled that Linett "just liked the hat I was wearing." She later modeled in the magazine as well as for X-Girl, the subsidiary fashion label of the Beastie Boys' "X-Large", designed by Kim Gordon of Sonic Youth, which she followed with an appearance in the music video for Sonic Youth's "Sugar Kane".
In 1993, at age 19, Sevigny relocated from her Connecticut hometown to an apartment in Brooklyn, and worked as a seamstress. During that time, author Jay McInerney spotted her around New York City and wrote a seven-page article about her for The New Yorker in which he dubbed her the new "it girl" and referred to her as one of the "coolest girls in the world." She subsequently appeared on the album cover of Gigolo Aunts' 1994 recording Flippin' Out and the EP Full-On Bloom, as well as in a Lemonheads music video which further increased her reputation on New York's early 1990s underground scene.
1995–1998: Early film and stage roles
Sevigny encountered screenwriter and aspiring director Harmony Korine in Washington Square Park during her senior year of high school in 1993. The two became close friends, which resulted in her being cast in the low-budget independent film Kids (1995), which was written by Korine and directed by Larry Clark. Sevigny played a New York teenager who discovers she is HIV positive. According to Sevigny, she was originally cast in a much smaller role, but ended up replacing Canadian actress Mia Kirshner. Just two days before production began, the leading role went to Sevigny, who was 19 at the time and had no professional acting experience. Kids was highly controversial; the film was given an NC-17 rating by the Motion Picture Association of America for its graphic depiction of sexuality and drug use involving teenagers. Despite this, the film was taken note of critically; Janet Maslin of The New York Times considered it a "wake-up call to the modern world" about the nature of the American youth in contemporary urban settings. Sevigny's performance was praised, with critics noting that she brought a tenderness to the chaotic, immoral nature of the film: "Sevigny provided the warm, reflective centre in this feral film." She received an Independent Spirit Award nomination for Best Supporting Female.
Sevigny followed Kids with actor/director Steve Buscemi's independent film Trees Lounge (1996), starring in a relatively small role as Buscemi's object of affection. During this time, director Mary Harron (after having seen Kids) offered Sevigny a minor part in her film I Shot Andy Warhol (1996). Harron tracked Sevigny down to the SoHo clothing store Liquid Sky, where she was working at the time. Sevigny then gave her first audition ever, but ultimately decided to turn down the part; she would later work with Harron on American Psycho (2000). Instead of taking the part in I Shot Andy Warhol, Sevigny starred in and worked as a fashion designer on Gummo (1997), directed and written by Harmony Korine, who was romantically involved with Sevigny during and after filming. Gummo was as controversial as Sevigny's debut; set in Xenia, Ohio, the film depicts an array of nihilistic characters in a poverty-stricken community, and presents themes of drug and sexual abuse as well as anti-social alienated youth. Recalling the film, Sevigny cited it as one of her favorite projects: "Young people love that movie. It's been stolen from every Blockbuster in America. It's become a cult film". The film was dedicated to Sevigny's father, who died prior to the film's release.[a]
After Gummo, Sevigny starred in the neo-noir thriller Palmetto (1998), playing a young Florida kidnapee alongside Woody Harrelson. Stephen Hunter of The Washington Post lambasted the film for having "bad writing," ultimately deeming it "somewhat dull and sluggish." She then had a leading role as a Hampshire College graduate in the sardonic period piece The Last Days of Disco (1998), alongside Kate Beckinsale. The film was written and directed by cult director Whit Stillman and details the rise and fall of the Manhattan club scene in the "very early 1980s".[b] Stillman said of Sevigny: "Chloë is a natural phenomenon. You're not directing, she's not performing—it's just real." Janet Maslin of The New York Times wrote that Sevigny "is seductively demure" in her performance as Alice. The film was generally well received, but was not a box-office success in the United States, only grossing $3 million—it has since become somewhat of a success as a cult film.
Aside from film work, Sevigny starred in a 1998 Off-Broadway production of Hazelwood Jr. High, which tells the true story of the 1992 murder of Shanda Sharer; Sevigny played 17-year-old Laurie Tackett, one of four girls responsible for torturing and murdering 12-year-old Sharer. Sevigny stated she was so emotionally disturbed after playing the role that she began attending Mass again.
1999–2003: Boys Don't Cry and breakthrough
Sevigny was cast in the independent drama Boys Don't Cry (1999) after director Kimberly Peirce saw her performance in The Last Days of Disco. Sevigny's role in Boys Don't Cry—a biographical film of trans man Brandon Teena,[c] who was raped and murdered in Humboldt, Nebraska in 1993—was responsible for her rise to prominence and her mainstream success. Sevigny played Lana Tisdel, a young woman who fell in love with Teena, initially unaware of the fact that he was a transgender man and continued the relationship after learning about his gender identity. Boys Don't Cry received high praise from critics, and was a moderate box-office success. The film was widely credited as featuring some of the best acting of the year, with Sevigny's performance singled out for praise. The Los Angeles Times stated that she "plays the role with haunting immediacy", Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun Times stated that "it is Sevigny who provides our entrance into the story" and Rolling Stone wrote that she gives a "performance that burns into the memory". The role earned Sevigny supporting actress nominations for both an Academy Award and a Golden Globe Award. She won an Independent Spirit Award, a Satellite Award, and a Sierra Award for her performance.
Following the success of Boys Don't Cry, Sevigny appeared in 1999 in the experimental film Julien Donkey-Boy, which reunited her with writer-director Harmony Korine. In the film, she played the pregnant sister of a man with schizophrenia. Though it never saw a major theatrical release, the film garnered some critical praise; Roger Ebert gave the film his signature thumbs up, referring to it as "Freaks shot by the Blair Witch crew", and continuing to say, "The odds are good that most people will dislike this film and be offended by it. For others, it will provoke sympathy rather than scorn". Sevigny also had a small part in the drama film A Map of the World (1999), which starred Sigourney Weaver.
In 2000, Sevigny played a supporting role in Mary Harron's American Psycho, based on the controversial 1991 novel by Bret Easton Ellis. She portrayed the office assistant of the main character Patrick Bateman (Christian Bale), a 1980s Manhattan yuppie-turned-serial killer. Similarly to the novel on which it was based, the film was controversial because of its depiction of graphic violence and sexuality in an upper-class Manhattan society. Sevigny also appeared as a lesbian in the Emmy Award-winning television film If These Walls Could Talk 2 (2000), the sequel to the HBO television drama-film If These Walls Could Talk (1996). Sevigny credited it as the only film she ever made for financial benefit, to help her mother with whom she lived in Connecticut in 1998–2000. Around 2000, Sevigny began a relationship with musician Matt McAuley of the noise-rock band A.R.E. Weapons. The two would remain a couple for eight years before separating in early 2008.
Following her appearance in If These Walls Could Talk 2, Sevigny was approached for a supporting role in the 2001 comedy Legally Blonde alongside Reese Witherspoon and offered $500,000; she declined and the role was given to Selma Blair. Instead, she starred in Olivier Assayas' French techno thriller Demonlover (2002) alongside Connie Nielsen, for which she was required to learn her lines in French. Sevigny described shooting the film as "strange", in the sense that Assayas hardly spoke to her during the filming, which she said was difficult because of the lack of "input". After spending nearly three months in France to complete Demonlover, Sevigny returned to New York to film the Club Kids biopic Party Monster (2003); coincidentally, she knew several of the people depicted in the film (Michael Alig and James St. James included), whom she had met during her frequent trips to New York City's club scene as a teenager.
Around 2002, Sevigny began collaborating with friend Tara Subkoff for the Imitation of Christ fashion label and conceptual art project, with their first collection being released in 2003. She served as the creative director for the line, which was referred to as being "more about performance art and cultural theory than clothes". In film, Sevigny had a role in Lars von Trier's parable Dogville (2003), playing one of the various residents of a small mountain town, alongside Nicole Kidman, Lauren Bacall, and Paul Bettany. The film received mixed reactions, and was criticized by Roger Ebert and Richard Roeper as being "anti-American". She also re-united with former Boys Don't Cry star Peter Sarsgaard for the biographical film Shattered Glass (2003), also alongside Hayden Christensen, about the career of Stephen Glass, a journalist whose reputation is destroyed when his widespread journalistic fraud is exposed. Sevigny played Caitlin Avey, one of Glass' co-editors.
2004–2006: The Brown Bunny controversy
I've done it in everyday life. Everybody's done it, or had it done to them. It was tough, the toughest thing I've ever done, but Vincent was very sensitized to my needs, very gentle. It was one take. It was funny and awkward—we both laughed quite a bit. And we'd been intimate in the past, so it wasn't so weird. If you're not challenging yourself and taking risks, then what's the point of being an artist?
– Sevigny discusses the sex scene in The Brown Bunny
In 2003, Sevigny took on the lead female role in the art house film The Brown Bunny (2003), which details a lonely traveling motorcycle racer reminiscing about his former lover. The film achieved notoriety for a scene which involves Sevigny performing fellatio on star and director Vincent Gallo. The film premiered at the 2003 Cannes Film Festival and opened to significant controversy and criticism from audiences and critics. Additionally, a promotional billboard erected over Sunset Boulevard, which depicted a censored still from the film's final scene, garnered further attention and criticism. Sevigny defended the film:
"It's a shame people write so many things when they haven't seen it. When you see the film, it makes more sense. It's an art film. It should be playing in museums. It's like an Andy Warhol movie."
In an interview with The Telegraph in 2003, when asked if she regretted the film, she responded:
"No, I was always committed to the project on the strength of Vincent alone. I have faith in his aesthetic ... I try to forgive and forget, otherwise I'd just become a bitter old lady."
Despite the backlash toward the film, some critics praised Sevigny's performance, including Manohla Dargis of The New York Times:
"Actresses have been asked and even bullied into performing similar acts for filmmakers since the movies began, usually behind closed doors. Ms. Sevigny isn't hiding behind anyone's desk. She says her lines with feeling and puts her iconoclasm right out there where everyone can see it; she may be nuts, but she's also unforgettable."
Sevigny continued on with various projects. She had a major supporting role in Woody Allen's two-sided tragicomedy Melinda and Melinda (2004). Critic Peter Bradshaw described the film as "strange... a half-hearted experiment populated by undernourished lab rats." She subsequently guest-starred on the popular television show Will & Grace, and played small roles in Lars von Trier's Manderlay (2005) (a sequel to Dogville (2003)) and in Jim Jarmusch's Broken Flowers (2005). She also played one of the several lovers of New York doctor Herman Tarnower in the HBO television film Mrs. Harris (2005) alongside Annette Bening and Ben Kingsley. In 3 Needles (2005), an anthology film about AIDS in various parts of the world, Sevigny had a major role as a Catholic nun visiting Africa. Her performance received good reviews; Dennis Harvey of Variety called her "convincing", while Kevin Thomas of the Los Angeles Times referred to her as "ever-daring and shrewd." In 2006, Sevigny played the lead character in the experimental indie-film Lying (2006) with Jena Malone and Leelee Sobieski, portraying a pathological liar who gathers three female acquaintances for a weekend at her upstate New York country house; the film premiered at the Cannes Film Festival in 2006. She also had a starring role in Douglas Buck's 2006 remake of the Brian De Palma horror film Sisters (1973), playing a journalist who witnesses a murder.
2007–2011: Fashion endeavors; Big Love
In 2006, Sevigny began a five-season run in the HBO television series Big Love, about a family of fundamentalist Mormon polygamists. She played Nicolette Grant, the conniving, shopaholic daughter of a cult leader and second wife to a polygamist husband, played by Bill Paxton. Sevigny also appeared in her first big-budget production, playing Robert Graysmith's wife Melanie in David Fincher's Zodiac (2007), based on the Zodiac Killer criminal case.
In October 2007, the French fashion house Chloé announced that Sevigny would be one of the spokesmodels for its new fragrance. Sevigny also released a clothing collection for Opening Ceremony in the fall of 2009. It included men's, women's, and unisex pieces, and received mixed reactions from critics. Sevigny returned to films in 2009, starring in the independent psychological thriller The Killing Room, and Werner Herzog's My Son, My Son, What Have Ye Done, a crime horror film based on murderer Mark Yavorsky, produced by David Lynch.
In January 2010, Sevigny won a Golden Globe award for Best Supporting Actress – Series, Miniseries or Television Film for her performance in the third season of Big Love. During a press conference following the award win, Sevigny addressed the repressed women living in the fundamentalist Mormon compounds: "These women are kept extremely repressed. They should be helped. They don't even know who the president of the United States is." In a later interview with The A.V. Club, Sevigny was asked if she felt that the show's message was that polygamy was "wrong". In response, Sevigny stated: "No, absolutely not. I think there are more parallels to gay rights and alternative lifestyles within Big Love—more so than 'Polygamy is wrong'. I think they actually condone people who decide to live this lifestyle outside of fundamentalist sects." During the same interview, Sevigny stated her disappointment with the series' fourth season, calling it "awful" and "very telenovela"—though she stated that she loves her character and the writing, she felt the show "got away from itself." Sevigny later regretted making the statements, saying she was very "exhausted" and "wasn't thinking about what [she] was saying"; she also apologized to the show's producers. "[I didn't want them to think] that I was biting the hand that feeds me, because I obviously love the show and have always been nothing but positive about it. And I didn't want anybody to misunderstand me or think that I wasn't, you know, appreciative."
While starring in the fourth season of Big Love in 2010, Sevigny also appeared major roles in two independent comedy films: Barry Munday and Mr. Nice. In Munday, she played the sister of a homely woman who is expecting a child by a recently castrated womanizer (opposite Patrick Wilson and Judy Greer). Her role in Mr. Nice, as the wife of British marijuana-trafficker Howard Marks, had Sevigny starring alongside Rhys Ifans; the film was based on Marks' autobiography of the same name. Sevigny also had a voice part in the documentary film Beautiful Darling (2010), narrating the life of Warhol superstar Candy Darling through Darling's diaries and personal letters. The fifth and final season of Big Love premiered in March 2011.
2012–2015: Television projects
In 2012, Sevigny starred in the British miniseries Hit & Miss, playing a transgender contract killer. Mike Hale of The New York Times wrote of her performance: "Her naturally deep voice is a plus, and her characteristic mix of loucheness and gravity makes sense here, though it's less interesting in this role than it was in the bitterly voracious wife she played in Big Love." The same year, Sevigny guest-starred in an episode of Law & Order: Special Victims Unit, which aired on April 18, 2012, and also appeared in the second and fifth seasons of American Horror Story, which premiered in October 2012 and the latter in October 2015.
Sevigny appeared in a supporting role as a journalist in Lovelace (2013), a biographical film about pornographic film actress Linda Lovelace. The year also saw the release of The Wait (2013), Sevigny's second collaboration with director M. Blash, in which she starred alongside Jena Malone and Luke Grimes. It was a psychological thriller about two sisters who decide to keep their recently deceased mother in their house after receiving a phone call that she will be resurrected. Sevigny also had roles in television, appearing as a satellite character in the third season of the television sketch comedy show Portlandia, and having a 5-episode guest role on the comedy series The Mindy Project, in which she portrayed the ex-wife of the titular Mindy's love interest (played by Chris Messina). Kristi Turnquist of The Oregonian praised Sevigny in Portlandia, stating that she "instantly adds dimension and interest" to the series.
In 2014, Sevigny starred as Catherine Jensen in the crime drama Those Who Kill, which aired on the A&E Network. After being pulled from A&E after two episodes due to low ratings, it was then re-launched on A&E's sister network, Lifetime Movie Network. The series was subsequently cancelled after its 10 episode first season run. During the 29th International Festival of Fashion and Photography in April 2014, Sevigny served as a judge of the fashion jury, along with Humberto Leon and Carol Lim.
I think because in real life I'm quite conservative, and I'm not radical in my day-to-day life and how I act, I think I use my art to do that.
– Sevigny in 2014
In March 2015, it was announced Sevigny would be returning to American Horror Story for its fifth season, Hotel, as a main cast member. Sevigny portrayed a doctor whose son has been kidnapped. That same year, she also starred in the Netflix original series Bloodline. In the spring of 2015, Sevigny published a picture book chronicling her life, containing photos of her as a high school student, on film sets, personal scripts, and other ephemera. She also appeared in Tara Subkoff's directorial debut #Horror, playing the opulent mother of a teenage girl whose get-together with friends is interrupted by a murderer.
2016–present: Directing and other projects
In early 2016, Sevigny appeared in the Canadian horror film Antibirth opposite Natasha Lyonne, which follows a small-town woman who becomes pregnant through unknown circumstances. Sevigny reunited with The Last Days of Disco director Whit Stillman on Love & Friendship, an adaptation of the Jane Austen novel Lady Susan. Both films premiered at the Sundance Film Festival in January 2016. In 2016 and 2017, respectively, Sevigny also reprised her role in Bloodline, becoming a main cast member in the third and final season.
Sevigny made her directorial debut in 2016 with the short film Kitty, which she adapted from Paul Bowles' 1980 short story. The film was selected to close the 2016 Cannes Film Festival, and was subsequently acquired by The Criterion Collection, which made it available for streaming on their user subscription channel. In late 2016, Sevigny directed her second short film, Carmen, which was shot on location in Portland, Oregon. The film, released as part of a Miu Miu campaign, focuses on comedian Carmen Lynch.
Sevigny played supporting parts in multiple films in 2017. She co-starred as a horse jockey in the drama Lean on Pete, based on the novel by Willy Vlautin,; in the ensemble drama Golden Exits; the comedy-drama Beatriz at Dinner, about a Latina massage therapist who is invited to a dinner held by her wealthy employers; the drama The Dinner, concerning a dinner between two couples recounting their children's involvement in a murder; and The Snowman (2017), where she played the twin sisters, one of whom was killed by a serial killer.
Sevigny starred as Lizzie Borden in Lizzie (2018), which premiered at the 2018 Sundance Film Festival, co-starring with Kristen Stewart. Sevigny had first expressed interest in developing and starring in a miniseries based on Borden in 2011. Michael O'Sullivan of The Washington Post wrote that Sevigny "is something of a closed book, delivering a stolid performance that can be read as either strong-willed or stonyhearted." Sevigny also appeared in a supporting role in The True Adventures of Wolfboy, and starred as a small-town police officer facing a zombie apocalypse in Jim Jarmusch's comedy horror film The Dead Don't Die (2019). The latter film premiered as the opening feature at the 2019 Cannes Film Festival, where Sevigny's third short film, White Echo, also competed for the Palme d'Or for Best Short Film.
In 2019 (and 2022), Sevigny appeared in the Netflix show Russian Doll, portraying the mother of the lead character. In 2020, Sevigny starred in We Are Who We Are a limited series directed by Luca Guadagnino, which premiered in September 2020 on HBO.
Legacy and influence
Sevigny has long been considered a fashion icon and regularly appears alternately on both best and worst-dressed lists.[d] Commenting on criticisms of her fashion choices, she said in 2015: "I called my great aunt who lives in Florida over Christmas. I hadn't seen her in a while and she said, 'Oh, I never get to see you [in person] but I always see you in the back of US Weekly. They're always making fun of you,' and I was like, 'You know me, I dress crazy.' It makes me feel bad."
Throughout her career, she has modelled for several high-profile designers, including Miu Miu, Louis Vuitton, Chloé, H&M, Proenza Schouler, Kenzo and Vivienne Westwood. Prior to her career as an actress, she had achieved fame for her unique style. While her sense of style in the early 1990s only reflected small downtown scenes and trends, it still made a significant impression on high class fashion chains which began to emulate Sevigny's look. Her interest in fashion and clothing, as well as her career as a fashion model in her late teenage years and early twenties, have led to a career as a prominent and well-respected fashion designer. She has expressed interest in fashion design throughout the entirety of her career, even dating back to her childhood: "Little House on the Prairie was my favorite show. I would only wear calico print dresses, and I actually slept in one of those little nightcaps!", she told People in 2007. Her unorthodox style (which garnered her initial notoriety in the early '90s) has often been referred to as very eclectic. Sevigny has since released several clothing lines designed by herself, both solo and in collaboration, and has earned a title as a modern fashion icon.
– Fashion historian Cameron Silver describing Sevigny's personal style
Critical reception of her fashion and style has been extensively written about by both designers and fashion stylists and has generally proved favorable. American designer Marc Jacobs wrote of Sevigny in 2001: "The fashion world is fascinated by her. Because not only is she talented, young and attractive, she stands out in a sea of often clichéd looking actresses." In terms of her own personal style, Sevigny cited the Australian film Picnic at Hanging Rock (1975), which features schoolgirls dressed in elaborate Victorian clothing, as a major inspiration; she has also cited it as one of her favorite films. She has also been outspoken in her favoritism of vintage clothing over designer pieces: "I still prefer to buy vintage over spending it all on one designer", she told The Times. "I'll go to Resurrection or Decades and be like, 'Oh, I'm going to buy everything,' but a lot of it is extremely expensive, so I'll go to Wasteland and satisfy that urge and it's not too hard on the pocketbook. Then there's this place called Studio Wardrobe Department where everything is like three dollars".
Sevigny began dating Croatian art gallery director Siniša Mačković in 2018. In January 2020, it was announced that Sevigny was expecting her first child with Mačković. They married on March 9, 2020, and on May 2, 2020, she gave birth to a son named Vanja Sevigny Mačković. She is Catholic and has said that she attends church.
- The credits of Gummo read: "This film is dedicated to David Sevigny, a beautiful sailor."
- It is stated clearly at the beginning of The Last Days of Disco that the film is set in the "very early '80s."
- As Brandon Teena was never his legal name, it is uncertain the extent to which this name was used prior to his death. It is the name most commonly used by the press and other media. Other names may include his legal name, as well as "Billy Brenson" and "Teena Ray"
- Harper's Bazaar and Style.com among others have favorably ranked Sevigny's clothing choices, while she has alternately been named the "worst-dressed" by other publications.
- "Say How? A Pronunciation Guide to Names of Public Figures". United States. Library of Congress: The National Library Service for the Blind and Print Disabled. May 6, 2008. Archived from the original on December 4, 2017. Retrieved March 8, 2010.
- Yotka, Steff (April 20, 2015). "Chloë's Scene, 21 Years Later". Vogue. Archived from the original on September 20, 2018. Retrieved September 19, 2018.
- Odell, Amy (January 9, 2009). "Chloë Sevigny Doesn't Know When to Stop Talking". The Cut. nymag.com. ISSN 0028-7369. Archived from the original on December 29, 2018. Retrieved October 7, 2016.
The umlaut isn't on my birth certificate. I had this book as a child called Chloë and Maude, and there was an umlaut on the e, and I said, I want that! It's a little flair.
- Monush & Willis 2006, p. 380.
- "Chloë Sevigny (II) Biography". Yahoo! Movies. Archived from the original on February 18, 2010.
- "Harold D. Sevigny, 12 Feb 1996". Connecticut Death Index, 1949–2001. Stamford, Fairfield, Connecticut, Connecticut Department of Health, Hartford. December 9, 2014 – via Ancestry.com.
- "A&M Entertainment: Paul Sevigny". A&M Entertainment. Archived from the original on March 16, 2010. Retrieved March 15, 2010.
- "Harold David Sevigny, 28 Dec 1940, Birth". Vermont Vital Records. State Capitol Building, Montpelier, Vermont. FHL microfilm 2,051,520 – via Ancestry.com.
- Hyland, Veronique (June 18, 2014). "Chloë Savigny's 'Really Into' the Pope Right Now". New York. Archived from the original on June 2, 2016. Retrieved April 22, 2016.
- O'Sullivan, Charlotte (August 30, 2003). "The Girl With A Thorn In Her Side". The Independent. London. Archived from the original on November 22, 2015. Retrieved March 2, 2010.
- Kennedy, Stoehrer & Calderin 2013, p. 285.
- Brooks, Xan (May 14, 2016). "Chloë Sevigny: 'I now have total disdain for directors'". The Guardian. London, England. ISSN 1756-3224. OCLC 60623878. Archived from the original on May 23, 2016. Retrieved May 26, 2016.
- Lee, Luaine (June 24, 2014). "Art doesn't always imitate life. I'm a nice Catholic girl, says Those Who Kill's Chloe Sevigny". News.com.au. News Corp Australia. Archived from the original on December 29, 2018.
- Gross, Terry (March 2, 2010). "Plenty of 'Big Love' For HBO Star Chloë Sevigny". NPR. Archived from the original on January 13, 2013.
- "Arrow In the Head Interview: Chloë Sevigny on Zodiac". Arrow in the Head. March 1, 2007. Archived from the original on March 11, 2007. Retrieved September 12, 2009.
- Gavilanes, Grace (June 5, 2017). "Tia & Tamera Mowry Babysat for the Olsens?! Plus, 8 Other Celeb Babysitters". People. Archived from the original on December 29, 2018.
- Apodaca, Rosa (March 18, 2007). "Chloë Sevigny: Beyond the labels". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on September 5, 2009. Retrieved September 3, 2009.
- Sischy, Ingrid (August 1995). "Destiny calls Chloe". Interview. New York City: Brant Publications. Archived from the original on November 13, 2008. Retrieved June 19, 2020 – via Harmony-Korine.com.
- "Chloe: New York Doll", The Face, February 1, 1997.
- Barnett, Meredith (February 1, 2011). "Andrea Linett on how she discovered Chloe Sevigny". The Huffington Post. Archived from the original on January 26, 2013.
- McInerney, Jay (November 7, 1994). "Chloe's Scene". The New Yorker. Archived from the original on August 13, 2021.
- Kennedy, Dana (March 12, 2000). "Oscar films/First timers; Who Says You Have to Struggle to Be a Star?". The New York Times. Archived from the original on April 26, 2017. Retrieved February 6, 2017.
- Johnson, Rebecca (July 1, 2016). "The X-Girl Factor: How the Cult '90s Label Set the Standard for Skater-Girl Style". Vogue. Archived from the original on June 1, 2020. Retrieved August 14, 2018.
- Stone, Zak (September 17, 2017). "Chloë Sevigny on the Music That Made Her So Cool". Pitchfork. Archived from the original on May 13, 2019.
- "Interview with Chloë Sevigny, star of The Last Days of Disco". The David Letterman Show (Interview). Interviewed by Sevigny, Chloë. June 9, 1998. Archived from the original on April 29, 2017. Retrieved April 24, 2016.
- "Biography of Chloe Sevigny". AllAmericanSpeakers.com. Archived from the original on December 6, 2008. Retrieved January 22, 2008.
- "Harmony Korine Official Website". Harmony Korine.com. Archived from the original on April 21, 2010. Retrieved January 8, 2010.
- Ehrman, Mark (October 31, 1999). "Wild Child". Los Angeles Times. pp. 22–25. Archived from the original on August 8, 2018. Retrieved August 8, 2018 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Controversy: 'Kids' for Adults". Archived November 11, 2020, at the Wayback Machine Newsweek, February 20, 1995. Washington Post Company. ISSN 0028-9604 OCLC 818916146
- Kids at Rotten Tomatoes Archived September 25, 2020, at the Wayback Machine; last accessed May 22, 2007.
- Gilbey, Ryan (February 16, 2008). "Chloë's world: Ryan Gilbey meet actress Chloë Sevigny". The Guardian. London. ISSN 1756-3224. OCLC 60623878. Archived from the original on December 29, 2018.
- Craddock 2000, p. xlix.
- "Style stolen in Gummo". Chicago Sun-Times. Archived from the original on June 29, 2014 – via HighBeam.
- Levy, Emanuel (September 14, 1997). "Gummo". Variety. Archived from the original on June 29, 2012.
- Hunter, Stephen (February 20, 1998). "Turning Pulp Into a Soggy Mess". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on December 29, 2018.
- Maslin, Janet (May 28, 1998). "Film Review: Last Days of Disco, Night Life of the Young, Urban and Genteel". The New York Times. Archived from the original on May 27, 2015. Retrieved January 1, 2010.
- "The Last Days of Disco". Box Office Mojo. Archived from the original on October 17, 2007. Retrieved April 14, 2009.
- Lanthier, Joseph (August 25, 2009). "The Last Days of Disco: The Criterion Collection". Slant Magazine. Archived from the original on June 6, 2011. Retrieved January 8, 2010.
- Brantley, Ben (March 6, 1998). "Theater Review – Indiana School Days: Reading, Writing and Murder". The New York Times. Archived from the original on December 29, 2018. Retrieved December 29, 2018.
- Sevigny, Chloë (2009). The Last Days of Disco (DVD). The Criterion Collection.
- "U.S. 8th Circuit Court of Appeals: JoAnn Brandon v Charles B. Laux". FindLaw. Archived from the original on March 6, 2009. Retrieved December 7, 2006.
- Howey, Noelle (March 22, 2000). "Boys Do Cry". Mother Jones. San Francisco, California: Foundation for National Progress. Archived from the original on October 26, 2008. Retrieved December 7, 2006.
- Kennedy, Dana (March 19, 2000). "Chloë's encounters of the starry kind". The Observer. London. p. 6. Archived from the original on August 8, 2018. Retrieved August 8, 2018 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Boys Don't Cry (1999)". Box Office Mojo. Archived from the original on May 6, 2006. Retrieved May 25, 2006.
- Turan, Kenneth (October 22, 1999). "'Boys Don't Cry': Devastating Price of Daring to Be Different". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on August 27, 2009.
- Ebert, Roger (October 22, 1999). "Boys Don't Cry". Chicago Sun Times. Archived from the original on July 14, 2012.
- Boys Don't Cry at Rotten Tomatoes Archived October 11, 2010, at the Wayback Machine; Retrieved November 11, 2009.
- "Oscar nominations 2000". The Guardian. London. February 15, 2000. ISSN 1756-3224. OCLC 60623878. Archived from the original on December 30, 2014.
- "Chloë Sevigny". GoldenGlobes.com. Hollywood Foreign Press Association. Archived from the original on December 29, 2018.
- "Chloë Sevigny (II) Awards & Nominations". Yahoo! Movies. Archived from the original on May 22, 2011. Retrieved March 2, 2010.
- Hawker, Philippa (March 1, 2002). "Seeing doubles". The Age. Melbourne. Archived from the original on December 28, 2018.
- Ebert, Roger (November 5, 1999). "Julien Donkey-Boy Review". Chicago Sun-Times. Archived from the original on May 7, 2013. Retrieved February 13, 2010.
- Morris, Wesley (January 28, 2000). "Sigourney Weaver gives direction to 'Map'". San Francisco Chronicle. Archived from the original on March 31, 2019.
- Corliss, Richard (January 24, 2000). "Sundance Sorority". Time. Archived from the original on December 29, 2018.
- Shoard, Catherine (May 27, 2003). "The Brown Bunny girl bites back". The Daily Telegraph. London. Archived from the original on May 27, 2012.
- Bramesco, Charles (April 3, 2018). "Chloë Sevigny Wants a Job". Vulture. Archived from the original on December 29, 2018.
- Sevigny, Chloë (2003). Demonlover (DVD). Lions Gate Films/PALM Media.
- Borrelli, Laird (September 17, 2002). "Imitation of Christ Spring 2003 Ready-to-Wear Collection: Runway Review". Style.com. Archived from the original on March 16, 2010. Retrieved March 2, 2010.
- Ebert, Roger (April 9, 2004). "Roger Ebert reviews "Dogville"". Chicago Sun-Times. Archived from the original on August 2, 2010. Retrieved February 27, 2010.
- MacPherson, Karen (November 22, 2003). "Stephen Glass' former colleagues say journalist's deception should have been obvious". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Archived from the original on December 29, 2018.
- "An independent spirit", The Sunday Times, October 2003
- Orange, Michelle (October 4, 2006). "A Brief History of Real Sex on Screen (Well, Without the Porn)". Independent Film Channel (IFC). Archived from the original on October 8, 2009.
- Briggs, Joe Bob (June 9, 2003). "Week in Review". United Press International. Archived from the original on June 5, 2011. Retrieved January 8, 2010.
- Waxman, Sharon (August 4, 2004). "Art? Smut? Commerce? Billboard Gets Attention". The New York Times. Archived from the original on December 29, 2018. Retrieved December 29, 2018.
- Euler, Michael (August 23, 2004). "Sevigny explains graphic sex scene in new film". USA Today. Associated Press. Archived from the original on December 29, 2018. Retrieved August 30, 2018.
- Dargis, Manohla (August 27, 2004). "FILM REVIEW: The Narcissist and His Lover". The New York Times. Archived from the original on August 16, 2010. Retrieved January 29, 2010.
- Ebert, Roger (September 3, 2004). "The Brown Bunny". Chicago Sun-Times. Archived from the original on August 1, 2013.
- Frey 2016, p. 175.
- Bradshaw, Peter (March 25, 2005). "Melinda and Melinda". The Guardian. Archived from the original on December 29, 2018.
- Travers, Peter (August 5, 2005). "Broken Flowers". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on March 31, 2019.
- Harvey, Dennis (October 5, 2005). "3 Needles Review: Variety". Variety. Archived from the original on June 29, 2012.
- Thomas, Kevin (December 1, 2006). "Common threads of global AIDS". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on December 29, 2018.
- LaPorte, Nicole (April 12, 2006). "No remorse for 'Sisters'". Variety. Archived from the original on December 29, 2018.
- Fischer, Paul (2007). "Chloe Goes Mainstream: Chloe Sevigny Zodiac Interview". Femail.au. Archived from the original on April 2, 2018. Retrieved December 29, 2018.
- McCarthy, Todd (May 15, 2007). "Zodiac". Variety. Archived from the original on December 29, 2018.
- Bryan, Meredith (August 8, 2008). "The Fashion Industry Wants a Piece of Olympics Pie". The New York Observer. Archived from the original on January 1, 2009.
- Mower, Sarah (February 22, 2009). "Chloë Sevigny for O.C. Fall 2009". Style.com. Archived from the original on February 3, 2013.
- "Chloë Sevigny for Opening Ceremony: The Unfortunate Reactions". New York. March 4, 2008. Archived from the original on December 29, 2018.
- Cohen, David S.; Oldham, Stuart (January 17, 2010). "Overheard backstage at the Golden Globes". Variety. Archived from the original on March 27, 2010. Retrieved March 22, 2010.
- O'Neal, Sean (March 24, 2010). "Interview: Chloë Sevigny". The A.V. Club. Archived from the original on January 17, 2013.
- Parvizi, Lauren (March 26, 2010). "Chloe Sevigny blasts Big Love". The San Francisco Chronicle. Archived from the original on February 12, 2011. Retrieved March 29, 2010.
- Ausiello, Michael (March 26, 2010). "Interview: 'Big Love' exclusive: Chloë Sevigny expresses regret, blames exhaustion on her 'awful' outburst". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on March 28, 2010.
- Hillis, Aaron (March 19, 2010). "Chloë Sevigny Has a Case of the "Munday"". Independent Film Channel. Archived from the original on March 22, 2010. Retrieved March 19, 2010.
- "About the film: Beautiful Darling". Beautiful Darling official movie website. Archived from the original on June 20, 2009. Retrieved February 13, 2010.
- "Chloë Sevigny To Star In Hit & Miss". Sky Atlantic. 2012. Archived from the original on June 17, 2012. Retrieved May 23, 2012.
- Hale, Mike (July 10, 2012). "She's Living a Double Life, in More Ways Than One". The New York Times. Archived from the original on December 29, 2018.
- Bell, Crystal (June 23, 2012). "'American Horror Story' Season 2: Jessica Lange Is 'A Bride Of Christ,' Adam Levine Is 'Newly Married'". The Huffington Post. Archived from the original on January 26, 2013.
- McNary, Dave (January 25, 2012). "Chloe Sevigny cast in 'Lovelace'". Chicago Tribune. Archived from the original on February 29, 2012. Retrieved February 17, 2012.
- Turnquist, Kristi (February 16, 2013). "'Portlandia' Season 3: Chloe Sevigny shines in the season's best episode so far". The Oregonian. Portland, Oregon. Archived from the original on December 29, 2018.
- Busis, Hilary (November 5, 2013). "Chloe Sevigny to play Danny's ex-wife on 'The Mindy Project'". EntertainmentWeekly.com. Archived from the original on November 27, 2015. Retrieved January 18, 2016.
- Morabito, Andrea (March 13, 2014). "A&E shelves Chloe Sevigny drama 'Those Who Kill'". New York Post. Archived from the original on March 18, 2018. Retrieved December 9, 2017.
- Andreeva, Nellie (March 25, 2014). "Benched A&E Drama Series 'Those Who Kill' To Air On Sibling LMN". Deadline Hollywood. Archived from the original on November 25, 2015. Retrieved November 24, 2015.
- Kimball, Trevor (May 22, 2014). "Those Who Kill: LMN TV Series Cancelled, No Season Two". TVSeriesFinale.com. Archived from the original on January 18, 2015. Retrieved November 24, 2015.
- Guilbault, Laure (January 22, 2014). "Chloë Sevigny Heads to Hyères". WWD. Archived from the original on February 19, 2014. Retrieved January 23, 2014.
- Miska, Brad (March 24, 2015). "Chloë Sevigny joins 'American Horror Story: Hotel'". Bloody Disgusting. Archived from the original on April 17, 2015.
- Bill, Carrie (October 23, 2015). "'AHS: Hotel' Postmortem: Chloë Sevigny Thinks the Countess and Alex Are More 'Kindred' Than 'Related'". Yahoo!. Archived from the original on December 29, 2018.
- Rife, Katie (May 21, 2014). "Chloe Sevigny and Steven Pasquale join Netflix drama with Kyle Chandler". The A.V. Club. Archived from the original on January 6, 2015. Retrieved January 6, 2015.
- Wong, Zara (August 26, 2014). "Chloe Sevigny is launching a book". Vogue Australia. Archived from the original on December 29, 2018.
- Vanity Fair Staff (November 6, 2015). "#Horror: The Most Well-Connected, Artsiest Scary Movie of the Year". Vanity Fair. Archived from the original on June 22, 2016.
- Miska, Brad (March 24, 2015). "Chloë Sevigny Toplines 'Antibirth' With Natasha Lyonne". Bloody Disgusting. Archived from the original on April 17, 2015.
- Tartaglione, Nancy (February 2, 2015). "Kate Beckinsale, Chloe Sevigny, Whit Stillman Reteam For 'Love & Friendship'". Deadline Hollywood. Archived from the original on August 9, 2018. Retrieved December 29, 2018.
- "Sundance Institute Completes Feature Film Lineup for 2016 Sundance Film Festival". sundance.org. December 7, 2015. Archived from the original on December 10, 2015. Retrieved January 18, 2016.
- Lewis, Hilary (May 25, 2017). "'Bloodline' Co-Creator on How Sooner-Than-Expected Final Season Affected Storytelling". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on December 29, 2018.
- Hipes, Patrick (January 8, 2016). "Chloë Sevigny Making Directorial Debut In Short Film 'Kitty'". Deadline Hollywood. Archived from the original on January 12, 2016. Retrieved January 18, 2016.
- Tartaglione, Nancy (April 18, 2016). "Cannes: Critics' Week 2016 Lineup; Chloe Sevigny-Helmed Short To Close Section". Deadline Hollywood. Archived from the original on April 21, 2016.
- "Chloë Sevigny's Cat Power". The Current. The Criterion Collection. July 25, 2017. Archived from the original on December 29, 2018.
- Yotka, Steff (February 14, 2017). "Chloë Sevigny Opens Up About Turning Director for Miu Miu". Vogue. Archived from the original on December 29, 2018.
- Jaafar, Ali (July 19, 2016). "Chloe Sevigny And Travis Fimmel Join Cast Of Andrew Haigh's 'Lean On Pete'". Deadline Hollywood. Archived from the original on December 29, 2018.
- McNary, Dave (August 1, 2016). "Chloe Sevigny, Salma Hayek Join Drama 'Beatriz at Dinner'". Variety. Archived from the original on December 29, 2018.
- Barraclough, Leo (January 18, 2016). "Richard Gere, Steve Coogan, Laura Linney to Star in Oren Moverman's 'The Dinner'". Variety. Archived from the original on June 26, 2018. Retrieved August 9, 2018.
- Lodge, Guy (October 11, 2017). "Film Review: 'The Snowman'". Variety. Archived from the original on December 29, 2018.
- Lang, Brent (January 25, 2018). "Sundance: Saban Films Picks Up 'Lizzie' With Chloë Sevigny, Kristen Stewart". Variety. Archived from the original on December 28, 2018.
- Stanhope, Kate (March 15, 2011). "Chloe Sevigny to play Lizzie Borden in HBO mini-series". TV Guide. Archived from the original on February 5, 2013.
- Erbland, Kate (January 24, 2018). "Chloe Sevigny Reveals Disappointment With Her New Sundance Film 'Lizzie' in Candid Interview". Indiewire. Archived from the original on December 29, 2018.
- O'Sullivan, Michael (September 19, 2018). "Chloë Sevigny and Kristen Stewart star in a feminist take on the Lizzie Borden story". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on September 20, 2018.
- Ruberto, Toni (August 25, 2017). "John Turturro to be in Buffalo filming of 'Wolfboy'". The Buffalo News. Buffalo, New York. Archived from the original on December 29, 2018.
- Nolfi, Joey (July 13, 2018). "Bill Murray, Selena Gomez, more join Jim Jarmusch zombie film The Dead Don't Die". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on March 27, 2019.
- Barber, Nicholas (May 15, 2019). "Cannes 2019 Review: The Dead Don't Die". BBC. Archived from the original on May 30, 2019.
- Kay, Jeremy (April 19, 2019). "Cannes includes short directed by Chloe Sevigny among selections". Screen Daily. Archived from the original on June 13, 2019.
- Goldberg, Lesley (July 18, 2019). "Chloe Sevigny, Alice Braga, Kid Cudi to Star in HBO Drama From 'Call Me By Your Name' Director". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on August 22, 2020. Retrieved July 23, 2020.
- Sharf, Zack (July 7, 2020). "'We Are Who We Are' First Look: Luca Guadagnino Makes His TV Debut with HBO Series". IndieWire. Archived from the original on July 10, 2020. Retrieved July 23, 2020.
- "Sevigny in BLK DNM". Harper's Bazaar. April 13, 2012. Archived from the original on June 26, 2012. Retrieved July 22, 2012.
- "The Best Dressed: Chloe Sevigny's Chinoiserie Rodarte". Harper's Bazaar. January 14, 2011. Archived from the original on January 26, 2012. Retrieved July 22, 2012.
- "Top 10 Most Popular". Style.com. July 22, 2012. Archived from the original on July 20, 2012. Retrieved July 22, 2012.
- Sirera, Lindsey (May 4, 2015). "Worst Dressed at the 2015 Met Gala—Solange Knowles, Katy Perry, Lady Gaga & Many More!". E! News. Archived from the original on September 7, 2018. Retrieved August 29, 2018.
- Persad, Michelle (April 9, 2015). "Chloe Sevigny Covers The Edit And Talks About Vaginas, Worst-Dressed Lists And More". The Huffington Post. Archived from the original on December 29, 2018.
- Syrett, Alison (July 5, 2012). "Chloe Sevigny Models For Miu Miu". Lucky. Archived from the original on January 28, 2013.
- Payne, Joanne (December 13, 2006). "Johansson returns to Louis Vuitton for spring campaign". Marketing Magazine. Archived from the original on April 22, 2013.
- Zekas, Rita (April 22, 2006). "Just a fashionista in nun's clothing; Sevigny got her start as fashion muse, model 'Fell in love' with characters in 3 Needles". Toronto Star. Toronto, Ontario. Archived from the original on December 29, 2018. Retrieved December 29, 2018 – via PressReader.
- Weisman, Katie (October 8, 2007). "Perfume industry aims to regain prestige". The New York Times. Archived from the original on May 28, 2015. Retrieved August 31, 2012.
- Tan, Michelle (September 3, 2007). "Inside My Closet: Chloe Sevigny". People. Archived from the original on September 6, 2012.
- Willett, C. (April 8, 2008). "Kate Moss". OK Magazine. Archived from the original on October 2, 2011. Retrieved March 2, 2010.
- Demarchelier, Patrick (May 2001). "Catching Up With Chloe". Patrick Demarchelier. Bazaar Magazine. Archived from the original on April 6, 2013. Retrieved April 25, 2011.
- Muhlke, Christine (February 24, 2008). "Profile In Style: Chloë Sevigny". The New York Times. Archived from the original on December 29, 2018. Retrieved December 29, 2018.
- Apodaca, Rose (March 18, 2007). "Beyond the labels". The Los Angeles Times. Tribune Co. p. 9. eISSN 2165-1736. ISSN 0458-3035. OCLC 3638237. ProQuest 422140788. Archived from the original on July 18, 2022. Retrieved July 18, 2022.
- "Chloë Sevigny Loves Vintage". Night Owl Vintage. Archived from the original on June 14, 2011. Retrieved March 2, 2010.
- Egan & Thomas 2012, p. 85.
- Sevigny, Chloë [@OfficialChloeS] (March 15, 2016). "🇺🇸#feelthebern 🇺🇸 www.instagram.com/p/BC-gJoCAVSY/" (Tweet). Retrieved March 16, 2016 – via Twitter.
- Segalov, Michael (September 21, 2019). "Chloë Sevigny: 'Make lists after break-ups. Flings are an antidote too". The Guardian. Archived from the original on September 21, 2019. Retrieved September 22, 2019.
Bernie Sanders is punk as fuck, plain and simple. I'm petrified of the US government right now. We need someone radical to take Trump on, and Bernie's record as a senator speaks for itself.
- "Chloë Sevigny Is Pregnant! Actress, 45, Expecting First Child with Boyfriend Sinisa Mackovic". People. January 7, 2020. Archived from the original on January 8, 2020. Retrieved January 7, 2020.
- "Chloë Sevigny Reveals She Married Sinisa Mackovic Last Year, Months Before Welcoming Son". Archived from the original on March 11, 2021. Retrieved March 9, 2021.
- "Chloë Sevigny Reveals the Name of Her Newborn With Instagram Post Thanking Mt. Sinai East Hospital". celebmojo.com. CelebMojo. May 6, 2020. Retrieved May 6, 2020.
- Egan, Kate; Thomas, Sarah (2012). Cult Film Stardom: Offbeat Attractions and Processes of Cultification. Palgrave MacMillan. ISBN 978-0-230-29369-4.
- Frey, Mattias (2016). Extreme Cinema: The Transgressive Rhetoric of Today's Art Film Culture. Rutgers University Press. ISBN 978-0-8135-7649-7.
- Craddock, Jim, ed. (2000). Video Hound's Golden Movie Retriever: The Complete Guide to Movies on Videocassette, DVD, and Laserdisc. Detroit: Gale. ISBN 978-1-57859-120-6.
- Kennedy, Alicia; Stoehrer, Emily Banis; Calderin, Jay (2013). Fashion Design, Referenced: A Visual Guide to the History, Language, and Practice of Fashion. Rockport Publishers. ISBN 978-1-59253-677-1. Archived from the original on January 18, 2022.
- Monush, Barry; Willis, John (2006). Screen World Film Annual. Vol. 57. Applause Theatre & Cinema Books. ISBN 978-1-55783-706-6.