Chloralose

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Chloralose
Stetreo structural formula of chloralose
Names
IUPAC name
(5ξ)-1,2-O-[2,2,2-Trichloroethylidene]-α-xylo-hexofuranose
Identifiers
15879-93-3 N
85418
ChEMBL ChEMBL2104181 N
ChemSpider 5414376 YesY
EC Number 240-016-7
Jmol 3D model Interactive image
KEGG C18707 N
MeSH Chloralose
PubChem 7057995
40467114 (2R,3aR,5R,6R)-6-hydroxy-2-methyl-furo-5-yl
27525 (2R,5R,6S,6aR)-6-hydroxy-2-methyl-furo-5-yl
16211632 (1R)-dioxol, (2R,5R,6S,6aR)-6-hydroxy-2-methyl-furo-5-yl
186624 (1R)-dioxol, (3aR,5R,6S,6aR)-6-hydroxy-furo-5-yl
2723807 (2R,3aR,5R,6S,6aR)-6-hydroxy-2-methyl-furo-5-yl
85991
RTECS number FM9450000
UNII 238BZ29MUE YesY
Properties
C8H11Cl3O6
Molar mass 309.52 g·mol−1
Melting point 176 to 182 °C (349 to 360 °F; 449 to 455 K)
Hazards
Main hazards Harmful if swallowed

Harmful if inhaled

Harmful Xn
R-phrases R20/22
S-phrases (S2) S16 S24/25 S28
Related compounds
Related compounds
Chloral hydrate
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
N verify (what is YesYN ?)
Infobox references

Chloralose is an avicide, and a rodenticide used to kill mice in temperatures below 15 °C. It is also widely used in neuroscience and veterinary medicine as an anesthetic and sedative.[1]

Chemically, it is a chlorinated acetal derivative of glucose.

It is listed in Annex I of Directive 67/548/EEC with the classification Harmful (Xn)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Silverman J, Muir WW (Jun 1993). "A review of laboratory animal anesthesia with chloral hydrate and chloralose". Lab Anim Sci. 43 (3): 210–6. PMID 8355479.