Canivet's emerald

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Canivet's emerald
Chlorostilbon canivetii -Utila -Honduras-8.jpg
A male in Ulita, Honduras
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Apodiformes
Family: Trochilidae
Genus: Chlorostilbon
Species: C. canivetii
Binomial name
Chlorostilbon canivetii
(Lesson, 1832)
Chlorostilbon canivetii map.svg
Range of C. canivetii

The Canivet's emerald or fork-tailed emerald (Chlorostilbon canivetii) is a species of hummingbird in the Trochilidae family. It is found in Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, and Nicaragua. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry forests, subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests, and heavily degraded former forest.

The common name and Latin binomial commemorate the French ornithologist Emmanuel Canivet de Carentan.[2]

Description[edit]

Canivet's emerald grows to a length of 8 cm (3.1 in) and weighs 2.3–2.5 g (0.081–0.088 oz).[3][4] The male is metallic green with a forked blue-black tail. The female is green above and grey below, with a dark eye mask topped by a white stripe behind the eye. They are virtually identical to the garden emerald, with the exception of bill colour; Garden has an entirely black bill while Canivet's has a red-based bill with a black tip. The two species have no overlap in their ranges.

Taxonomy[edit]

The subspecies C. c. salvini, which occupies the southern part of the range from extreme south of Mexico to Costa Rica, is sometimes split as Salvin's emerald.

References[edit]

  1. ^ BirdLife International (2012). "Chlorostilbon canivetii". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  2. ^ Beolens, Bo; Watkins, Michael (2003). Whose Bird? Men and Women Commemorated in the Common Names of Birds. London: Christopher Helm. p. 76. 
  3. ^ Garrigues, Richard; Dean, Robert (2007). The Birds of Costa Rica. Ithaca: Zona Tropical/Comstock/Cornell University Press. p. 126. ISBN 978-0-8014-7373-9. 
  4. ^ Arizmendi, M.C.; Rodríguez-Flores, C.; Sedgwick, Carolyn; Schulenberg, Thomas S. (2013). Schulenberg, T.S., ed. "Overview – Canivet's Emerald (Chlorostilbon canivetii)". Neotropical Birds Online. Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Retrieved 12 July 2014. 

External links[edit]