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|Biological half-life||45 to 120 minutes|
|Chemical and physical data|
|Molar mass||295.72 g/mol|
|3D model (JSmol)|
It is used both within the hospital setting or for personal use to manage excess fluid associated with congestive heart failure. Most often taken in pill form, it is usually taken orally once or twice a day. In the ICU setting, chlorothiazide is given to diurese a patient in addition to furosemide (Lasix). Working in a separate mechanism than furosemide, and absorbed enterically as a reconstituted suspension administered through a nasogastric tube (NG tube), the two drugs potentiate one another.
It was discovered in 1957.
- Large amount of excess fluid including:
- Nausea / Vomiting
- Excess urine production
- Hypoelectrolytemia (esp. hypokalemia / hypomagnesia)
The Research team of Merck Sharp and Dohme Research Laboratories of Beyer, Sprague, Baer, and Novello created a new series of medications, the thiazide diuretics, which includes chlorothiazide. They won an Albert Lasker Special Award in 1975 for this work.
- Ernst, Michael E.; Grimm, Richard H., Jr. "Thiazide diuretics: 50 years and beyond" Current Hypertension Reviews 2008, volume 4(4), pp. 256-265. doi:10.2174/157340208786241264
- Walker, S. R. (2012). Trends and Changes in Drug Research and Development. Springer Science & Business Media. p. 109. ISBN 9789400926592.
- Foundation, Lasker. "Historical Awards - The Lasker Foundation". The Lasker Foundation.