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Structural formula of chlorotrifluoroethylene
Ball-and-stick model of chlorotrifluoroethylene
Preferred IUPAC name
Other names
3D model (JSmol)
ECHA InfoCard 100.001.093 Edit this at Wikidata
EC Number
  • 201-201-8
RTECS number
  • KV0525000
UN number 1082
Molar mass 116.47 g·mol−1
Appearance Colorless gas
Odor faint etheral odor
Density 1.54 g/cm3 at −60°C
Melting point −158.2 °C (−252.8 °F; 115.0 K)
Boiling point −27.8 °C (−18.0 °F; 245.3 K)
4.01 g/100 mL
Solubility soluble in benzene, chloroform
-49.1·10−6 cm3/mol
1.38 (0 °C)
GHS pictograms GHS02: FlammableGHS04: Compressed GasGHS06: Toxic
GHS Signal word Danger
H220, H280, H301, H331
P210, P261, P264, P270, P271, P301+310, P304+340, P311, P321, P330, P377, P381, P403, P403+233, P405, P410+403, P501
NFPA 704 (fire diamond)
Flammability code 4: Will rapidly or completely vaporize at normal atmospheric pressure and temperature, or is readily dispersed in air and will burn readily. Flash point below 23 °C (73 °F). E.g. propaneHealth code 3: Short exposure could cause serious temporary or residual injury. E.g. chlorine gasReactivity code 3: Capable of detonation or explosive decomposition but requires a strong initiating source, must be heated under confinement before initiation, reacts explosively with water, or will detonate if severely shocked. E.g. hydrogen peroxideSpecial hazards (white): no codeNFPA 704 four-colored diamond
Explosive limits 24-40.3%
Related compounds
Related compounds
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

Chlorotrifluoroethylene (CTFE) is a chlorofluorocarbon with chemical formula CFCl=CF2. It is commonly used as a refrigerant in cryogenic applications. CTFE has a carbon-carbon double bond and so can be polymerized to form polychlorotrifluoroethylene or copolymerized to produce the plastic ECTFE. PCTFE has the trade name Neoflon PCTFE from Daikin Industries in Japan, and used to be produced under the trade name Kel-F from 3M Corporation in Minnesota.[2]

Production and reactions[edit]

Chlorotrifluoroethylene is produced commercially by the dechlorination of 1,1,2-trichloro-1,2,2-trifluoroethane with zinc:[3]

CFCl2-CF2Cl + Zn → CClF=CF2 + ZnCl2

In 2012, an estimated 1–10 million pounds were produced commercially in the United States.

The thermal dimerization of chlorotrifluoroethylene gives 1,2-dichloro-1,2,3,3,4,4-hexafluorocyclobutane.[4] Dichlorination of the latter gives hexafluorocyclobutene.


  1. ^ Lide, David R. (1998). Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (87 ed.). Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press. pp. 3–126. ISBN 0-8493-0594-2.
  2. ^ Aetna Plastics Corp. - Products. Services ... Solutions, Aetna Plastics Corp., pp. PCTFE / Kel–F® / Neoflon®, retrieved 3 February 2012
  3. ^ Siegemund, Günter; Schwertfeger, Werner; Feiring, Andrew; Smart, Bruce; Behr, Fred; Vogel, Herward; McKusick, Blaine (2002). "Fluorine Compounds, Organic". Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. Weinheim: Wiley-VCH. doi:10.1002/14356007.a11_349.
  4. ^ Buxton, M. W.; Ingram, D. W.; Smith, F.; Stacey, M.; Tatlow, J. C. (1952). "The High-Temperature Dimerisation of Chlorotrifluoroethylene". Journal of the Chemical Society (Resumed): 3830. doi:10.1039/JR9520003830.