Chlorzoxazone

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Chlorzoxazone
Chlorzoxazone.svg
Clinical data
Trade names Parafonforte
AHFS/Drugs.com Monograph
MedlinePlus a682577
Routes of
administration
oral
ATC code
Pharmacokinetic data
Bioavailability well absorbed
Protein binding 13–18%
Metabolism hepatic
Biological half-life 1.1 hr
Excretion urine (<1%)
Identifiers
CAS Number
PubChem CID
IUPHAR/BPS
DrugBank
ChemSpider
UNII
KEGG
ChEBI
ChEMBL
ECHA InfoCard 100.002.186
Chemical and physical data
Formula C7H4ClNO2
Molar mass 169.565 g/mol
3D model (JSmol)
  (verify)

Chlorzoxazone (INN) is a centrally acting muscle relaxant used to treat muscle spasm and the resulting pain or discomfort. It acts on the spinal cord by depressing reflexes. It is sold under the trade names "'Lorzone'", Paraflex and Muscol and in combination form as Parafon Forte, a combination of chlorzoxazone and acetaminophen (paracetamol). Possible side effects include dizziness, lightheadedness, malaise, nausea, vomiting, and liver dysfunction. Used with acetaminophen it has added risk of hepatoxicity,[medical citation needed] which is why the combination is not recommended. It can also be administered for acute pain in general and for tension headache (muscle contraction headache).

Like metaxalone, no specific mechanism of action has been identified for chlorzoxazone, with general central nervous system depression being the only currently accepted aspect to its medical benefits. Search for the exact mechanism of action is ongoing but limited due to the existence of more-effective safe muscle relaxers (ex. diazepam, cyclobenzaprine, tizanidine) greatly limiting the potential benefit of identifying novel compounds which share chlozoxazone's mechanism of action.

As of 2015 the cost for a typical course of medication in the United States is less than 25 USD.[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hamilton, Richart (2015). Tarascon Pocket Pharmacopoeia 2015 Deluxe Lab-Coat Edition. Jones & Bartlett Learning. p. 1. ISBN 9781284057560.