Choápam Zapotec

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Choápam Zapotec
Native toMexico
Regionnorthern Oaxaca, Veracruz
Native speakers
12,000 (2007)[1]
Oto-Manguean
Language codes
ISO 639-3zpc
Glottologchoa1237[2]

Choápam Zapotec (Zapoteco de Choápam; in Veracruz Zapoteco de San Juan Comaltepec) is a Zapotec language of Oaxaca, Mexico.

Phonology[edit]

Consonants[edit]

Stops

[k]*, [g], [p], [b], [t], [d]

* [x] occurs as an allophone of [k].

Sibilant fricatives

[s], [z], [ʃ], [ʒ]

Affricates

[d͡z], [d͡ʒ], [t͡s], [t͡ʃ]

Sonorants

[m], [n], [l], [r]*+

* [r] has the voiceless allophone [ṛ] when in a nasal segment, e.g rná1baˀ2, [ṛnábaˀ] (I ask)

+ The pronunciation of [r] is variable, sometimes pronounced as apico-alveolar and with one to several flaps, with one being the most common.

Others

The glottal stop (as [ˀ]), [j], [w] and [ŋ] are also seen to occur in Choapam Zapotec.

Vowels[edit]

[i], [e], [ɛ], [o], [u], [a]

The vowels [i], [u], [a], [e] and [ɛ] are nasalised when followed by 'n' at the end of a word.

Tones[edit]

Choapam Zapotec has three pitches, or tones, which are high, mid, and low, indicated respectively by [3] (superscript 3), [2] (superscript 2), and [1] (superscript 1), written after each syllable.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Choápam Zapotec at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Choapan Zapotec". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ [1] Larry and Rosemary Lyman, Choapan Zapotec Phonology