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Chościsko (Polish pronunciation: [xɔɕˈtɕiskɔ]) is a legendary figure in a Polish prehistory, father of Piast the Wheelwright, the founder of the Piast dynasty. His name occurs in the first Polish chronicle, Cronicae et gesta ducum sive principum Polonorum[1] by Gallus Anonymus, where the author refers three times to Piast as the son of Chościsko.

Chościsko's name is probably derived from a simplified pronunciation of the word Hastingsko derived from the term Hasding (meaning long-haired[2]) which was difficult to pronounce in Old Slavonic. The other analysis suggests that Chościsko's name is probably derived from chost or chwost meaning tail in old Slavic.

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  1. ^ [1] Excerpts from Gallus Anonymus' chronicle in English
  2. ^ Wolfram Herwig, The Roman Empire and its Germanic Peoples, trans.Thomas Dunlap, Berkeley/Los Angeles/London, University of California Press,p.19