Peruvian corn

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Choclo)
Jump to: navigation, search
Peruvian corn, referred to as choclo in Spanish
Ceviche lenguado (Sole) with boiled choclo
Peruvian choclo

Choclo, also referred to as Peruvian corn or Cuzco corn (after the capital city of the Inca empire),[1] is a large-kernel variety of field corn from the Andes. It is consumed in parts of Central America and South America, especially in Peru, Bolivia and Colombia. As field corn, it is not generally regarded, in industrialized societies, as desirable for human food without commercial pre-processing. When compared to sweet corn, the kernels are larger and chewier and have a starchy, hefty texture, rather than a sweet taste.[2] The taste and appearance are somewhat similar to hominy.[3]

Choclo is used in the making of humitas in Bolivia, choclo arepas in Colombia and for pastel de choclo. Peruvian corn is often white in color.

The word choclo derives from the Quechua word choccllo and has since taken on a broader context within the Spanish language, often being used to refer to cobs of corn in general.[4]

"Toyo" (shark) ceviche from Peru with choclo and cancha

In Peru, choclo is commonly served as an accompaniment to dishes such as ceviche, and its toasted, salted form, similar to corn nuts, are customarily given free to restaurant patrons upon being seated. Full ears of choclo are also a popular street food in Peru and other Andean countries, typically served with a slice of cheese as choclo con queso.

While flavors vary greatly, finger foods like choclo con queso mirror the popularity of corn on the cob as a convenient street snack in Latin America. See also Mexican elote.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Grobman, A. (1961). Races of Maize in Peru: Their Origins, Evolution and Classification. National Academy of Sciences-National Research Council. p. 57. ISBN 9780608137117. Retrieved 2015-06-24. 
  2. ^ Marian Blazes. "Black Bean Soup with Lime - Recipe for Black Bean Soup | "Cheers for Choclo!"". southamericanfood.about.com. Retrieved 2015-06-24. 
  3. ^ Bernstein, M.; Friedman, A.; Kernick, J. (2008). Cuisine À Latina: Fresh Tastes and a World of Flavors from Michy's Miami Kitchen. Houghton Mifflin. p. 11. ISBN 9780618867509. Retrieved 2015-06-24. 
  4. ^ "myEtymology.com: Spanish etymology of choclo". myetymology.com. Retrieved 2015-06-24.