Meyer de Schauensee, 1945
|Estimated Choco toucan range in blue|
The Choco toucan (Ramphastos brevis) is a near-passerine bird in the family Ramphastidae found in humid lowland and foothill forests on the Pacific slope of Colombia and Ecuador. Within its range, extensive habitat destruction is taking place, but it remains fairly common locally.
Taxonomy and systematics
The Choco toucan was originally considered as a subspecies of the yellow-throated toucan.
The Choco toucan is a large (although among the smallest Ramphastos toucans), predominantly black bird with a striking yellow and black beak, a yellow bib, white uppertail coverts, red undertail coverts and green ocular skin. It is very similar to the larger chestnut-mandibled toucan, but lacks brown on the beak. In the wild, the two are generally best separated by their voice; croaking in the Choco, yelping in the chestnut-mandibled.
Choco toucans lay 3-4 pure white eggs that are incubated for 16 days. The young fledge in about 45–50 days.
In aviculture, their requirements of spacious cages and a high-fruit diet, and their sensitivity to hemochromatosis (iron-storage disease), make them difficult to maintain for novice keepers. The Choco toucan is very rare in captivity in the United States.
- BirdLife International (2006) Species factsheet: Ramphastos brevis. Downloaded from  on 5/4/2007
- InfoNatura: Birds, mammals, and amphibians of Latin America [web application]. 2004. Version 4.1 . Arlington, Virginia (USA): NatureServe. Available: .(Accessed: April 16, 2007 ).
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