Chocolate liquor

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Chocolate liquor
Chocolateliquor.jpg
A chocolate mill (right) grinds and heats cocoa beans into chocolate liquor. A melanger (left) mixes milk, sugar, and other ingredients into the liquor.
Alternative namesCocoa liquor
TypeChocolate
Main ingredientsCocoa beans

Chocolate liquor (cocoa liquor) is pure cocoa mass in solid or semi-solid form.[1] Like the cocoa beans (nibs) from which it is produced, it contains both cocoa solids and cocoa butter in roughly equal proportion.[2]

It is produced from cocoa beans that have been fermented, dried, roasted, and separated from their skins. The beans are ground into cocoa mass (cocoa paste). The mass is melted to become the liquor, and the liquor is either separated into cocoa solids and cocoa butter, or cooled and molded into blocks of raw chocolate. Its main use (often with additional cocoa butter) is in making chocolate.

The name liquor is used not in the sense of a distilled, alcoholic substance, but rather the older meaning of the word, meaning 'liquid' or 'fluid'.

Chocolate liquor contains roughly 53 percent cocoa butter (fat), about 17 percent carbohydrates, 11 percent protein, 6 percent tannins, and 1.5 percent theobromine.[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "CFR - Code of Federal Regulations Title 21". www.accessdata.fda.gov. Retrieved 22 April 2018.
  2. ^ Stevens, Molly. "Sorting Out Chocolate - Fine Cooking Recipes, Techniques and Tips". Taunton.com. Retrieved 2011-11-13.
  3. ^ Wolke, Robert L. (2005). What Einstein Told His Cook 2, The Sequel: Further Adventures in Kitchen Science (Hardcover). New York: W. W. Norton & Company. p. 433. ISBN 0-393-05869-7. [1]