Mousse

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Mousse
Chocolate coffee mousse.jpg
Chocolate mousse garnished with ground cinnamon
Course Dessert
Place of origin France
Main ingredients Whipped egg whites or whipped cream, chocolate or puréed fruit
Variations Chocolate, Vanilla, Strawberry, Choco Vanilla etc.
Cookbook: Mousse  Media: Mousse

A mousse (French 'foam' /ˈms/) is a soft prepared food that incorporates air bubbles to give it a light and airy texture. It can range from light and fluffy to creamy and thick, depending on preparation techniques. A mousse may be sweet or savoury.[1]

Sweet mousses are typically made with whipped egg whites, whipped cream,[2] or both, and flavored with one or more of chocolate, coffee, caramel,[3] puréed fruits, or various herbs and spices, such as mint or vanilla.[4] In the case of some chocolate mousses, egg yolks are often stirred into melted chocolate to give the final product a richer mouthfeel. Mousses are also typically chilled before being served, which gives them a denser texture. Sweetened mousse is served as a dessert, or used as an airy cake filling. It is sometimes stabilized with gelatin.[5][6]

Savory mousses can be made from meat, fish, shellfish, foie gras, cheese, or vegetables. Hot mousses often get their light texture from the addition of beaten egg whites.[1]

History[edit]

Various desserts consisting of whipped cream in pyramidal shapes with coffee, liqueurs, chocolate, fruits, and so on either in the mixture or poured on top were called crème en mousse 'cream in a foam', crème mousseuse 'foamy cream', mousse 'foam', and so on,[7][8] as early as 1768.[9][10][11] Modern mousses are a continuation of this tradition.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Mousse. Food Network Food Encyclopedia. Retrieved February 21, 2017.
  2. ^ Prosper MontagnéLarousse Gastronomique, 1961 (English translation of 1938 French edition), p. 630
  3. ^ "Caramel & White Chocolate Mousse Recipe". VideoCulinary.com. Retrieved 2016-01-04. 
  4. ^ "How to prepare Mousse". 
  5. ^ Hyman, Gaston (1977). Hyman, Phillip; Hyman, Mary, eds. Lenôtre's Desserts and Pastries (1st ed.). Woodbury, New York: Barrons Educational Series Inc. p. 78. ISBN 978-0812051377. 
  6. ^ "Paris Confidential: The Mystery Mousse Behind The Chocolate Bar". NPR.org. Retrieved 2017-10-05. 
  7. ^ M. Emy (officier), L'Art de bien faire les glaces d'office... avec un traité sur les mousses, Paris, 1768 p. 222
  8. ^ Alexandre-Balthazar-Laurent Grimod de La Reynière, Néo-Physiologie du gout par order alphabétique ou Dictionnaire générale de la cuisine française, 1839, p. 184
  9. ^ Jim Chevallier, A History of the Food of Paris: From Roast Mammoth to Steak Frites, 2018, ISBN 1442272821, p. 195
  10. ^ "Tante Marie", La Véritable cuisine de famille, comprenant 1.000 recettes et 500 menus, 18??, p. 296 "Crème fouettée (ou Fromage à la Chantilly)"
  11. ^ Mrs. Beeton, The book of household management, 1888, p. 927