Chocolate truffle

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Chocolate truffle
Truffles with nuts and chocolate dusting in detail.jpg
Place of originChambéry, France
Region or stateSavoie
Main ingredientsChocolate ganache, chocolate or cocoa powder

A chocolate truffle is a type of chocolate confectionery, traditionally made with a chocolate ganache centre coated in chocolate, cocoa powder, coconut, or chopped and toasted nuts (typically hazelnuts or almonds), usually in a spherical, conical, or curved shape.

Their name derives from their resemblance to truffles, edible fungi of the genus Tuber.


Chocolate truffles with peanut butter filling

Major types of chocolate truffle include:

  • The Swiss truffle, made by combining melted chocolate into a boiling mixture of dairy cream and butter, which is poured into molds to set before sprinkling with cocoa powder. Like the French truffles, these have a very short shelf life and must be consumed within a few days of making.[1]
  • The French truffle, made with fresh cream and chocolate, and then rolled in cocoa or nut powder.[2]
  • The Spanish truffle, prepared with dark chocolate, condensed milk, rum (or any preferred liqueur), and chocolate sprinkles.[3]
  • The typical European truffle, made with syrup and a base of cocoa powder, milk powder, fats, and other such ingredients to create an oil-in-water type of emulsion.[4]
  • The American truffle, a half-oval-shaped, chocolate-coated truffle, a mixture of dark or milk chocolates with butterfat, and in some cases, hardened coconut oil. Joseph Schmidt, a San Francisco chocolatier, and founder of Joseph Schmidt Confections, is credited with its creation in the mid-1980s.[5]

Other styles include:

  • The Belgian truffle or praline, made with dark or milk chocolate filled with ganache, buttercream, or nut pastes.[6]
  • The Californian truffle, a larger, lumpier version of the French truffle, first made by Alice Medrich in 1973 after she tasted truffles in France. She sold these larger truffles in a charcuterie in the Gourmet Ghetto neighborhood of Berkeley; then, in 1977, she began selling them in her own store, Cocolat, which soon expanded into a chain. The American craze for truffles started with Medrich.[7]
  • A pot truffle, any kind that includes psychoactive cannabis.[citation needed]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Chocolate, Cocoa, and Confectionery: Science and Technology by Bernard W. Minifie (1999), page 545.
  2. ^ Franklin, Rebecca. "Totally Indulgent Traditional French Dark Chocolate Truffles - Yum". The Spruce Eats. Retrieved 2020-11-16.
  3. ^ Kroeger, Author Tim (2021-06-04). "Spanish Trufas de Chocolate Recipe (Chocolate Truffles)". Retrieved 2021-06-04.
  4. ^ "Chocolate Truffle - Homemade Chocolate Truffle Recipe". Retrieved 4 June 2021.
  5. ^ "Sweet surrender", Los Angeles Times, February 8, 2006
  6. ^ "Pralines VS Truffles | makingchocolates". 2011-04-16. Retrieved 2013-05-27.
  7. ^ Barron, Cheryll Aimee (September 25, 1988). "Madam Cocolat". The New York Times.

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