Chocolate truffle

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Chocolate truffle
Truffles with nuts and chocolate dusting in detail.jpg
Type Confection
Place of origin Chambéry, France
Region or state Savoie
Main ingredients Chocolate ganache, chocolate or cocoa powder

A chocolate truffle is a type of chocolate confectionery, traditionally made with a chocolate ganache centre coated in chocolate, cocoa powder or chopped toasted nuts (typically hazelnuts, almonds, or coconut), usually in a spherical, conical, or curved shape.

Their name derives from their resemblance to truffles, edible fungi of the genus Tuber.

Varieties[edit]

Chocolate truffles with peanut-butter filling

Major types of chocolate truffle include:

  • The Swiss truffle is made by combining melted chocolate into a boiling mixture of dairy cream and butter, which is poured into molds to set before sprinkling with cocoa powder. Like the French truffles, these have a very short shelf life and must be consumed within a few days of making.[1]
  • The French truffle is made with fresh cream and chocolate, and then rolled in cocoa or nut powder.[citation needed]
  • The European truffle is made with syrup and a base of cocoa powder, milk powder, fats, and other such ingredients to create an oil-in-water type emulsion.[citation needed]
  • The American truffle is a half-egg-shaped, chocolate-coated truffle, a mixture of dark or milk chocolates with butterfat, and in some cases, hardened coconut oil. Joseph Schmidt, a San Francisco chocolatier, and founder of Joseph Schmidt Confections, is credited with its creation in the mid-1980s.[2]

Other styles include:

  • The Belgian truffle or praline is made with dark or milk chocolate filled with ganache, buttercream, or nut pastes.[3]
  • The California truffle is a larger, lumpier version of the French truffle, first made by Alice Medrich in 1973 after she tasted truffles in France. She sold these larger truffles in a charcuterie in the Gourmet Ghetto neighborhood of Berkeley, then in 1977, she began selling them in her own store, Cocolat, which soon expanded into a chain. The American craze for truffles started with Medrich.[4]
  • A pot truffle is any kind of truffle that includes cannabis.
  • Vegan truffles can have any shape or flavor, and are adapted to vegan diets by replacing dairy with nut milks and butters.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Chocolate, Cocoa, and Confectionery: Science and Technology by Bernard W. Minifie (1999), page 545.
  2. ^ "Sweet surrender", Los Angeles Times, February 8, 2006
  3. ^ "Pralines VS Truffles | makingchocolates". Makingchocolates.wordpress.com. 2011-04-16. Retrieved 2013-05-27. 
  4. ^ Barron, Cheryll Aimee (September 25, 1988). "Madam Cocolat". The New York Times. 
  5. ^ "Fine Artisanal Belgian Chocolates". Chocolatsmeurens.com. 2009-03-25. Retrieved 2013-05-27. 

External links[edit]