Choctaw County, Mississippi

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Choctaw County, Mississippi
Map of Mississippi highlighting Choctaw County
Location in the U.S. state of Mississippi
Map of the United States highlighting Mississippi
Mississippi's location in the U.S.
Founded 1833
Named for Choctaw people
Seat Ackerman
Largest town Ackerman
Area
 • Total 420 sq mi (1,088 km2)
 • Land 418 sq mi (1,083 km2)
 • Water 1.7 sq mi (4 km2), 0.4%
Population
 • (2010) 8,547
 • Density 20/sq mi (8/km²)
Congressional district 1st
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5

Choctaw County is a county located in the central part of U.S. state of Mississippi. As of the 2010 census, the population was 8,547.[1] Its northern border is the Big Black River, which flows southwest into the Mississippi south of Vicksburg. The county seat is Ackerman.[2] The county is named after the Choctaw tribe of Native Americans, who long occupied this territory as their homeland before being forced to move west of the Mississippi River by federal troops under the Indian Removal Act of 1830.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 420 square miles (1,100 km2), of which 418 square miles (1,080 km2) is land and 1.7 square miles (4.4 km2) (0.4%) is water. The Big Black River forms the county's northern border.[3]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected areas[edit]

Demographics[edit]

The table to the right reflects major decreases in population from 1910 to 1920, and from 1940 to 1960. These were periods of the Great Migration from the South by African Americans, who first moved to jobs in industrial cities in the North and Midwest. In the 1940s and after, they moved to the West Coast for jobs in the defense industry. Farm work declined with mechanization of agriculture. But blacks also migrated to escape the violence and social repression of Mississippi, where they had been essentially disenfranchised since 1890 and lived under Jim Crow laws.

Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 6,010
1850 11,402 89.7%
1860 15,722 37.9%
1870 16,988 8.1%
1880 9,036 −46.8%
1890 10,847 20.0%
1900 13,036 20.2%
1910 14,357 10.1%
1920 12,491 −13.0%
1930 12,339 −1.2%
1940 13,548 9.8%
1950 11,009 −18.7%
1960 8,423 −23.5%
1970 8,440 0.2%
1980 8,996 6.6%
1990 9,071 0.8%
2000 9,758 7.6%
2010 8,543 −12.5%
Est. 2016 8,242 [4] −3.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1790-1960[6] 1900-1990[7]
1990-2000[8] 2010-2013[1]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 8,543 people residing in the county. 68.1% were White, 30.2% African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.1% from some other race and 1.1% of two or more races. 1.4% were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 9,758 people, 3,686 households, and 2,668 families residing in the county. The population density was 23 people per square mile (9/km²). There were 4,249 housing units at an average density of 10 per square mile (4/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 68.03% White, 30.68% Black or African American, 0.31% Native American, 0.13% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.42% from other races, and 0.42% from two or more races. 0.81% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 3,686 households out of which 32.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.30% were married couples living together, 14.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.60% were non-families. 25.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.06.

In the county, the population was spread out with 27.80% under the age of 18, 8.80% from 18 to 24, 24.90% from 25 to 44, 23.50% from 45 to 64, and 15.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 91.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $27,020, and the median income for a family was $31,095. Males had a median income of $26,966 versus $17,798 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,474. About 17.70% of families and 24.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 33.80% of those under age 18 and 21.30% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Primary and secondary schools[edit]

Choctaw County School District operates public schools. Ackerman High School and the Weir Attendance Center provide secondary school education.[10]

French Camp Academy, which provides in-house private education in grades 7 through 12, is located in French Camp.[10] [11]

Colleges and universities[edit]

Colleges and universities within a 60-mile (97 km) radius of the center of the county include:[10]

Communities[edit]

Towns[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Ghost towns[edit]

Notable people[edit]

Politics[edit]

Presidential Elections Results[15]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 68.6% 2,788 30.0% 1,218 1.5% 59
2012 65.8% 2,812 33.4% 1,428 0.8% 33
2008 63.6% 2,624 35.3% 1,459 1.1% 45
2004 66.0% 2,694 33.5% 1,366 0.5% 22
2000 64.5% 2,398 34.4% 1,278 1.2% 43
1996 53.2% 1,715 38.6% 1,247 8.2% 265
1992 53.8% 2,026 38.1% 1,435 8.2% 307
1988 63.0% 2,297 36.6% 1,335 0.4% 15
1984 68.0% 2,491 31.8% 1,166 0.2% 6
1980 52.2% 1,927 46.8% 1,729 1.1% 39
1976 49.2% 1,561 47.9% 1,520 2.8% 90
1972 86.6% 2,301 12.3% 326 1.2% 31
1968 6.7% 211 13.2% 417 80.2% 2,543
1964 93.3% 2,096 6.7% 150
1960 14.9% 245 49.6% 817 35.5% 584
1956 15.7% 221 79.6% 1,117 4.7% 66
1952 27.4% 524 72.6% 1,387
1948 3.3% 43 10.2% 131 86.5% 1,112
1944 6.4% 76 93.6% 1,119
1940 5.2% 66 94.8% 1,212
1936 3.0% 41 96.8% 1,342 0.2% 3
1932 2.0% 23 97.9% 1,110 0.1% 1
1928 10.5% 118 89.5% 1,008
1924 7.4% 98 92.6% 1,219
1920 19.4% 191 79.2% 779 1.4% 14
1916 5.6% 53 91.5% 873 2.9% 28
1912 3.5% 24 89.7% 609 6.8% 46

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 3, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2015-05-10. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on September 28, 2013. Retrieved November 3, 2014. 
  4. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved November 3, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved November 3, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 3, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 3, 2014. 
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  10. ^ a b c "Education Archived 2011-04-30 at the Wayback Machine.." Choctaw County Economic Development Foundation. Retrieved on March 1, 2011.
  11. ^ Choctaw Plain Dealer; French Camp Today
  12. ^ http://www.nfl.com/player/dennisjohnson/2517610/profile
  13. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-02-02. Retrieved 2014-01-26. 
  14. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-01-03. Retrieved 2014-01-26. 
  15. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 33°21′N 89°15′W / 33.35°N 89.25°W / 33.35; -89.25