Chodo Airport

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Ch'o do Airport
Summary
Airport typeMilitary
ServesCh'odo, North Korea
Elevation AMSL0 ft / 0 m
Coordinates38°33′07.30″N 124°49′57.20″E / 38.5520278°N 124.8325556°E / 38.5520278; 124.8325556
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
11/29 3,020 920 Grass
Chodo Airport
Chosŏn'gŭl
초도기지
Hancha
Revised RomanizationChodo giji
McCune–ReischauerCh'odo kiji

Ch'o do Airport is an airport in Ch'odo island, Hanggu-guyok, Nampo, South Pyongan Province, North Korea.

Facilities[edit]

The airfield has a single grass runway 11/29 measuring 3020 x 141 feet (920 x 43 m).[1] However, other sources state the airfield is 3500 feet long. It is sited on Ch'o do island off the west coast of North Korea in the Korea Bay.[citation needed]

History[edit]

Korean War[edit]

A 3d Air Rescue Squadron H-19 from Chodo rescues ace Captain Joseph C. McConnell on 12 April 1953

During the Korean War, the USAF designated the airfield as K-54, but it was often listed as incomplete or not built.[2]

An element of the USAF 3rd Air Rescue Squadron operating Sikorsky H-5s and later Sikorsky H-19s was based on the island from January 1952.[3] Cho-do was regarded as an ideal forward operating base particularly for the rescue of pilots of F-86s damaged over MiG Alley as the F-86 could usually glide to an ejection location near Chodo, often the rescue forces would have to wait for the damaged F-86 to arrive at the rescue location.[3]:18-19 On 4 April 1953, an H-19 rescued Captain Joseph C. McConnell the future top-scoring US ace in Korea after he ejected from his F-86 just north of Chodo.[4] On 30 April 1953 an H-19 rescued future double-ace Captain Lonnie R. Moore after his F-86F crashed at sea north of Cho-do.[3]:16

In mid-February 1952 the USAF installed early-warning radar on Cho-do which could detect aircraft taking off and landing at Chinese airfields along the Yalu River. In May a tactical control center was added and this was used vector F-86s against MiG-15s[4]:104 The base was later used for communications interception duties[4]:106 including providing advance warning of an air attack on Taehwa-do on 30 November leading to a USAF ambush that resulted in the destruction of 12 communist aircraft.[4]:108-9

On 5 September 1952 communist artillery shelled the base, injuring 6 civilians. On 13 October the radar on Cho-do detected 6 aircraft heading towards the base, these aircraft, believed to be Po-2s dropped 14 bombs which killed 4 civilians. Similar attacks occurred on 26 November and 5 and 10 December causing minimal damage.[4]:110 Another attack took place on 15 April 1953, killing two gunners and destroying one anti-aircraft gun.[4]:111

UN forces withdrew from Cho-do under the terms of the Korean Armistice Agreement that ended the Korean War on 27 July 1953.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Landings database page "Landings.Com", accessed 25 Aug 2010
  2. ^ GlobalSecurity.org "Air Bases - Ch'o-do", accessed 25 Aug 2010
  3. ^ a b c Marion, Forrest (2004). That others may live: USAF air rescue in Korea (PDF). Air Force History and Museums Program. p. 15. ISBN 9780160876257. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  4. ^ a b c d e f Werrell, Kenneth (2005). Sabres over MiG Alley: the F-86 and the battle for air superiority in Korea. Naval Institute Press. pp. 115–6. ISBN 9781591149330.
  5. ^ Smith, Charles (2007). U.S. Marines in the Korean War (PDF). Government Printing Office. pp. 569–70. ISBN 9780160872518. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.

 This article incorporates public domain material from the United States Air Force website https://www.af.mil.