Chogha Bonut

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Chogha Bonut (Persian Choghā bonut) is an archaeological site in south-western Iran, located in the Khuzistan Province. It is believed that the site was settled as early as 7200 BCE, making it the oldest lowland village in south-western Iran.[1][2]

This settlement on the Susiana Plain played a big role in the early Elam civilization. Later, this area became dominated by Susa. The site is important because it preserves a record of preceramic period settlement in Iran.

Discovery[edit]

The site was accidentally discovered in 1976 when the mound was being levelled for agribusiness development. Helene Kantor, then working at Chogha Mish nearby, hurried to the site and received a permit to investigate it.[3]

Kantor remained for two seasons (1976/77 and 1977/78), but was unable to return in 1979 due to the Iranian Revolution.[4] Abbas Alizadeh continued investigations at the site in 1996.[4] His findings were published in 2003.[1] It is one of the few Neolithic sites excavated since the Iranian revolution.[5]

Settlement[edit]

Five phases of occupation are documented at the site:

  1. the Aceramic phase,
  2. the Formative Ceramic phase,
  3. the Archaic Susiana 0 phase (includes the Early Susiana period, ca. 5900 BCE),
  4. the Late Middle Susiana phase (ca. 5200 BCE)
  5. the Late Susiana 2 phase. (ca. 4400-4000 BCE)[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Abbas Alizadeh, Excavations at the Prehistoric Mound of Chogha Bonut, Khuzestan, Iran, Seasons 1976/77, 1977/78, and 1996, (PDF complete text, 232 pages) Oriental Institute Publications 120, 2003, ISBN 1-885923-23-6
  2. ^ EXCAVATIONS AT CHOGHA BONUT: THE EARLIEST VILLAGE IN SUSIANA, IRAN, by Abbas Alizadeh – The Oriental Institute and the Department of Near Eastern Languages and Civilizations The University of Chicago
  3. ^ Alden, John r. Excavations at the Prehistoric Mound of Chogha Bonut, Khuzestan, Iran: Seasons of 1976/77, 1977/78, and 1996 (Review), Journal of the American Oriental Society (January–March 2005)
  4. ^ a b Alizadeh, Abbas. EXCAVATIONS AT CHOGHA BONUT: THE EARLIEST VILLAGE IN SUSIANA, IRAN, The Oriental Institute News and Notes, No. 153, Spring 1997
  5. ^ Hole, Frank. Neolithic Age in Iran], The Circle of Ancient Iranian Studies, Retrieved July 21, 2010
  6. ^ ČOḠĀ BONUT at Encyclopædia Iranica

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 32°13′20″N 48°30′18″E / 32.222222°N 48.505°E / 32.222222; 48.505