|4th President of South Korea|
26 October 1979 – 16 August 1980
Acting to 6 December 1979
|Prime Minister||Shin Hyun-hwak|
|Preceded by||Park Chung-hee|
|Succeeded by||Chun Doo-hwan|
|19th Prime Minister of South Korea|
18 December 1975 – 26 October 1979
|Preceded by||Kim Jong-pil|
|Succeeded by||Park Chung-hoon|
July 16, 1919|
Enshū, Kogendo, Japanese Korea (now Wonju, Gangwon, South Korea)
|Died||October 22, 2006
Mapo-gu, Seoul, South Korea
|Resting place||Daejeon National Cemetery|
|Alma mater||University of Tsukuba|
|Revised Romanization||Choe Gyu-ha|
Choi served as foreign minister from 1967 to 1971; and as prime minister from 1975 to 1979.
After the assassination of Park Chung-hee in 1979, then Prime Minister Choi became acting president as the prime minister stood next in line for the presidency under Article 48 of the Yushin Constitution. Due to the unrest resulting from Park's authoritarian rule, Choi promised democratic elections, as under Park elections had been widely seen as rigged. Choi also promised a new constitution to replace the highly authoritarian Yushin Constitution. Choi won an election in December that year to become the country's fourth president.
Coup d'etat and Major General Chun
In December 1979, Major General Chun Doo-hwan and close allies within the military staged a coup d'état against Choi's government. They quickly removed the army chief of staff and virtually controlled the government by early 1980.
In April 1980, due to increasing pressure from Chun and other politicians, Choi appointed Chun head of the Korean Central Intelligence Agency. In May, Chun declared martial law and dropped all pretense of civilian government, becoming the de facto ruler of the country. By then, student protests were escalating in Seoul and Gwangju. The protests in Gwangju resulted in the Gwangju uprising in which about 987 civilians were killed within a five-day period by Chun's military.
Choi was forced to resign soon after the uprising, prime Minister Park Chung-hoon became acting president, until Chun's election as president on September 1, 1980.
- "Daejeon National Cemetery Timeline". Daejeon National Cemetery. Retrieved 28 September 2014.
- President Choi Kyu-ha
- Nils M. Solsvik Jr. (Oct 23, 2006). "Choi Kyu-hah". South Korean President. Find a Grave. Retrieved Aug 19, 2011.
|President of South Korea
|Prime Minister of South Korea