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A choker is a close-fitting necklace worn around the neck. Chokers can be made of a variety of materials, including velvet, plastic, beads, leather, metal, such as silver, gold or platinum, etc. They can be adorned in a variety of ways, including with sequins, studs, or a pendant.
The common type of chokers include Victorian, vintage, open collar, Gothic, pendant, gemstones, or tattoo.
Historically, it was associated with high fashion, but could take on different meanings under different circumstances. Ballerinas and the upper class in the late 19th century commonly wore certain types of chokers. However, at that same time, a plain, thin, red or black ribbon choker had ties to prostitution in the late 19th century, as seen in Manet's Olympia (1861), while a plain black woven choker or ribbon could signify secret lesbianism in the Depression era.
The 19th century fashion for broad Chokers reached its peak around 1900 in part due to Queen Alexandra of Denmark wearing one to hide a small scar. Chokers were trendy into the 1920s and again in the ‘40s as “colliers de chien.”
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- Phillips, Clare (1996). Jewelry from Antiquity to the Present. Thames and Hudson. p. 156. ISBN 0500202877.
- Garber, Megan (10 October 2016). "The Long (and Short) History of the Choker". The Atlantic. Retrieved 10 October 2016.
- "'90s Trends That Made a Comeback", InStyle, (undated)
- Media related to Chokers at Wikimedia Commons