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A choker is a close-fitting necklace worn on the neck. Chokers can be made of a variety of materials, including velvet, plastic, beads, metal such as silver, gold or platinum, leather, etc. They can be adorned in a variety of ways, including with sequins, studs, or a pendant.
The common type of chokers include Victorian, vintage, open collar, Gothic, pendant, gemstones, or tattoo.
Historically, it was associated with high fashion, but could take on different meanings under different circumstances. For example, a plain red ribbon choker had ties to prostitution, while a plain black woven choker or ribbon could signify secret lesbianism (a trend which arose in the Depression era).
Chokers appeared in 1798 as a French cultural jewel that was worn by wealthy ladies. in 1874 it was worn by ballerinas and in the early 1880 by queens. It was also used as a form of bondage in the Middle Ages, where the slaves wore them to signify ownership over themselves.
They would be worn by women during bondage related sexual intercourse to signify being overpowered by the male/female.
- Aldrich, Robert (2006). Gay Life & Culture: A World History. p. 212.
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