Chokurdakh

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Chokurdakh (English)
Чокурдах (Russian)
Чокуурдаах (Sakha)
-  Urban-type settlement[1]  -
Map of Russia - Sakha (Yakutia) Republic (2008-03).svg
Location of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic in Russia
Chokurdakh is located in Sakha Republic
Chokurdakh
Chokurdakh
Location of Chokurdakh in the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic
Coordinates: 70°38′N 147°54′E / 70.633°N 147.900°E / 70.633; 147.900Coordinates: 70°38′N 147°54′E / 70.633°N 147.900°E / 70.633; 147.900
Coat of Arms of Chokurdakh (Yakutia).gif
Coat of arms
Administrative status (as of June 2009)
Country Russia
Federal subject Sakha Republic[2]
Administrative district Allaikhovsky District[2]
Settlement Settlement of Chokurdakh[2]
Administrative center of Allaikhovsky District,[2] Settlement of Chokurdakh[2]
Municipal status (as of April 2012)
Municipal district Allaikhovsky Municipal District[3]
Urban settlement Chokurdakh Urban Settlement[3]
Administrative center of Allaikhovsky Municipal District,[4] Chokurdakh Urban Settlement[3]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 2,367 inhabitants[5]
Population (January 2016 est.) 2,068 inhabitants[6]
Time zone MAGT (UTC+11:00)[7]
Founded 1936[citation needed]
Urban-type settlement status since 1981[2]
Postal code(s)[8] 678800, 678819
Chokurdakh population
2010 Census 2,367[5]
2002 Census 2,591[9]
1989 Census 3,845[10]
1979 Census 3,375[11]

Chokurdakh (Russian: Чокурда́х; Yakut: Чокуурдаах) is an urban locality (an urban-type settlement) and the administrative center of Allaikhovsky District of the Sakha Republic, Russia, located on the left bank of the Indigirka River, below its confluence with its tributary the Allaikha. As of the 2010 Census, its population was 2,367.[5]

History[edit]

It was founded in 1936 as the new administrative center of Allaikhovsky District, which was established in 1931.[citation needed] It served as a river port on the Indigirka, connecting to sea traffic using the Northern Sea Route. Urban-type settlement status was granted to it in 1981.[2]

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, the urban-type settlement of Chokurdakh[1] serves as the administrative center of Allaikhovsky District.[2] As an administrative division, it is incorporated within Allaikhovsky District as the Settlement of Chokurdakh.[2] As a municipal division, the Settlement of Chokurdakh is incorporated within Allaikhovsky Municipal District as Chokurdakh Urban Settlement.[3]

Economy and infrastructure[edit]

Chokurdakh is not connected with the outside world by any year-round roads. A winter road follows the Indigirka River upstream when it is frozen, traveling partly along the river ice, leading to Ust-Nera via Belaya Gora and Khonuu.

Chokurdakh is served by the Chokurdakh Airport, one of the most northerly airports in Russia and only usable for about three months each year.

Climate[edit]

Chokurdakh has an extreme subarctic climate, bordering on polar. Temperatures have never risen above zero from November through to March.

Climate data for Chokurdakh
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) −8.1
(17.4)
−11.1
(12)
−3.4
(25.9)
4.9
(40.8)
22.8
(73)
30.0
(86)
31.6
(88.9)
29.3
(84.7)
20.6
(69.1)
6.1
(43)
−0.9
(30.4)
−6.0
(21.2)
31.6
(88.9)
Average high °C (°F) −30.4
(−22.7)
−29.3
(−20.7)
−23.4
(−10.1)
−13.7
(7.3)
−1.5
(29.3)
10.7
(51.3)
16.0
(60.8)
12.1
(53.8)
4.0
(39.2)
−8.8
(16.2)
−21.4
(−6.5)
−28.1
(−18.6)
−9.5
(14.9)
Daily mean °C (°F) −33.9
(−29)
−32.7
(−26.9)
−27.5
(−17.5)
−18.4
(−1.1)
−5.3
(22.5)
5.8
(42.4)
10.6
(51.1)
7.6
(45.7)
1.2
(34.2)
−11.5
(11.3)
−24.6
(−12.3)
−31.6
(−24.9)
−13.4
(7.9)
Average low °C (°F) −37.1
(−34.8)
−35.9
(−32.6)
−31.2
(−24.2)
−22.9
(−9.2)
−8.9
(16)
2.1
(35.8)
6.4
(43.5)
4.1
(39.4)
−1.0
(30.2)
−14.4
(6.1)
−27.9
(−18.2)
−35.0
(−31)
−16.8
(1.8)
Record low °C (°F) −54.4
(−65.9)
−50.3
(−58.5)
−48.2
(−54.8)
−42.6
(−44.7)
−30.0
(−22)
−11.2
(11.8)
−1.3
(29.7)
−6.4
(20.5)
−18.2
(−0.8)
−35.1
(−31.2)
−46.9
(−52.4)
−49.8
(−57.6)
−54.4
(−65.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 10
(0.39)
10
(0.39)
9
(0.35)
7
(0.28)
11
(0.43)
24
(0.94)
28
(1.1)
30
(1.18)
23
(0.91)
20
(0.79)
17
(0.67)
14
(0.55)
203
(7.99)
Average rainy days 0 0 0 0.1 3 14 17 17 14 0.3 0.1 0 66
Average snowy days 18 19 16 15 16 8 1 3 16 24 20 19 175
Average relative humidity (%) 79 79 79 79 81 75 75 82 87 88 84 80 81
Mean monthly sunshine hours 1 39 193 283 263 293 266 161 84 47 6 0 1,636
Source #1: Pogoda.ru.net[12]
Source #2: NOAA (sun 1961–1990)[13]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b According to Article 7 of the Law #77-I, lower-level administrative divisions with the status of a settlement have their administrative centers in an inhabited locality with the status of an urban-type settlement. According to the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Divisions of the Sakha Republic, Chokurdakh is the administrative center of the Settlement of Chokurdakh.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Divisions of the Sakha Republic
  3. ^ a b c d Law #173-Z #353-III
  4. ^ Law #172-Z #351-III
  5. ^ a b c Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  6. ^ Sakha Republic (Yakutia) Territorial Branch of the Federal State Statistics Service. Численность населения по районам республики на 1 января 2016 года (Russian)
  7. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №271-ФЗ от 03 июля 2016 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #271-FZ of July 03, 2016 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  8. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (Russian)
  9. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  10. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1979 г. Национальный состав населения по регионам России. (All Union Population Census of 1979. Ethnic composition of the population by regions of Russia.)". Всесоюзная перепись населения 1979 года (All-Union Population Census of 1979) (in Russian). Demoscope Weekly (website of the Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. 1979. Retrieved 2008-11-25. 
  12. ^ "Weather and Climate-The Climate of Chokurdakh" (in Russian). Weather and Climate (Погода и климат). Retrieved 27 February 2016. 
  13. ^ "Cokurdah (Chokurdakh) Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 27 February 2016. 

Sources[edit]

  • Official website of the Sakha Republic. Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Divisions of the Sakha Republic. Allaikhovsky District. (Russian)
  • Государственное Собрание (Ил Тумэн) Республики Саха (Якутия). Закон №172-З №351-III от 30 ноября 2004 г. «Об установлении границ и о наделении статусом муниципального района муниципальных образований Республики Саха (Якутия)», в ред. Закона №1535-З №597-V от 27 ноября 2015 г. «О внесении изменений в статьи 1 и 2 Закона Республики Саха (Якутия) "Об установлении границ и о наделении статусом муниципального района муниципальных образований Республики Саха (Якутия)"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Якутия", №245, 31 декабря 2004 г. (State Assembly (Il Tumen) of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic. Law #172-Z No. 351-III of November 30, 2004 On Establishing the Borders and on Granting the Municipal District Status to the Municipal Formations of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic, as amended by the Law #1535-Z No. 597-V of November 27, 2015 On Amending Articles 1 and 2 of the Law of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic "On Establishing the Borders and on Granting the Municipal District Status to the Municipal Formations of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).
  • Государственное Собрание (Ил Тумэн) Республики Саха (Якутия). Закон №173-З №353-III от 30 ноября 2004 г. «Об установлении границ и о наделении статусом городского и сельского поселений муниципальных образований Республики Саха (Якутия)», в ред. Закона №1058-З №1007-IV от 25 апреля 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Республики Саха (Якутия) "Об установлении границ и о наделении статусом городского и сельского поселений муниципальных образований Республики Саха (Якутия)"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Якутия", №245, 31 декабря 2004 г. (State Assembly (Il Tumen) of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic. Law #173-Z No. 353-III of November 30, 2004 On Establishing the Borders and on Granting the Urban and Rural Settlement Status to the Municipal Formations of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic, as amended by the Law #1058-Z No. 1007-IV of April 25, 2012 On Amending the Law of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic "On Establishing the Borders and on Granting the Urban and Rural Settlement Status to the Municipal Formations of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).