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Synonyms Hyperbilirubinemia type 1
Classification and external resources
Orphanet 357

Cholemia is a condition caused by the presence of excess bile in the blood. Its symptoms can include somnolence (drowsiness) and, in extreme cases, coma. It is often a sign of liver disease.[1]



It is caused by disease of the liver. Most commonly in case of the Hepatitis's confirm by the diagnosis as it shows a higher level of bilirubin ( <3 mg/dl ) but it is necessary to rule out liver diseases if the diagnosis is in doubt.[2]



  1. ^ Weger, George S. (1996). The Genesis and Control of Disease. Kessinger Publishing Company. p. 525. ISBN 978-1-56459-979-7. 
  2. ^ Gromashevskaia, L. L.; Kasatkina, M. G. (1979). мы исследовали изоферменты щелочной фосфатазы в сыворотке крови [Isoenzymes of blood serum alkaline phosphatase under experimental cholemia]. Ukrainskii biokhimicheskii zhurnal (in Ukrainian). 51 (5): 459–62. PMID 516178. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Green, J; Beyar, R; Sideman, S; Mordechovitz, D; Better, O. S. (1986). "The 'jaundiced heart': A possible explanation for postoperative shock in obstructive jaundice". Surgery. 100 (1): 14–20. PMID 3726756. 
  • Green, Jacob; Beyar, Rafael; Bomzon, Lionel; Finberg, John P.M.; Better, Ori S. (1984). "Jaundice, the Circulation and the Kidney". Nephron. 37 (3): 145–52. PMID 6738765. doi:10.1159/000183235. 
  • Fajers, Carl-Mabtin (2009). "Experimental Studies in Cholemic Nephrosis". Acta Pathologica Microbiologica Scandinavica. 41. PMID 13443982. doi:10.1111/j.1699-0463.1957.tb00996.x.