|Born||Charles Sylvan Atkinson
September 30, 1913
Pratt City, Alabama, USA
|Died||April 19, 2003
Las Vegas, Nevada, USA
|Other names||"The Man with the Moves"|
Charles “Cholly” Atkins (September 30, 1913 – April 19, 2003)[i] was an American dancer and vaudeville performer, who later became noted as the house choreographer for the various artists on the Motown label.
Born Charles Sylvan Atkinson, a native of Pratt City, Alabama, Cholly Atkins began dancing in the late 1930s before entering military service in 1942 during World War II. Upon leaving the U.S. Army. Atkins first found fame as one-half of Atkins & Coles, a top vaudeville dance act with partner Charles "Honi" Coles, debuting at the Apollo Theater in Harlem, New York. Atkins and Coles toured extensively nationally and internationally, performing in showcases with major jazz and swing bands, including those led by Louis Armstrong, Charlie Barnet, Count Basie, Cab Calloway, and Lionel Hampton. The pair also performed from 1949 to 1952 on Broadway in the stage production, Gentlemen Prefer Blondes.
In the mid-1950s, Cholly began teaching dance steps to the Cadillacs, Shirelles, Moonglows, Frankie Lymon & the Teenagers, Little Anthony & The Imperials, and other vocal groups.[ii] His dance steps were a new style coined "vocal choreography", as singers enhanced their vocal performances with stylish combinations of gestures and steps. After working as a freelance choreographer in 1962 for The Miracles, Atkins was hired by Berry Gordy to work as a Motown choreographer in 1964, and set about developing the routines that would later become the trademark moves of other Motown acts like The Supremes, The Temptations (Atkins was also featured in the video for their hit single "Lady Soul"), The Four Tops, The Marvelettes, Gladys Knight & The Pips and others.[iii] Atkins would, in fact, continue working with Motown artists well into the 1980s. He choreographed for non-Motown artists as well, namely the dance routines of The Cadillacs in the 1950s, and the Sylvers, as well as The O'Jays during the mid-1970s, appearing with them on an episode of Soul Train. He also worked with Detroit rock band DC Drive and is featured in the "You Need Love" video. Cholly is also known by a few Detroit dancers to create the Partner dance known as the Graystone, named after the great Graystone Ballroom. The dance rhythm is slow, quick, quick, slow, quick, quick.
In 1989, Atkins received a Tony Award for choreographing the Broadway show Black and Blue. He also accepted a 1993 National Endowment for the Arts three-year fellowship to tour colleges and universities teaching vocal choreography. He continued to teach dance in Las Vegas until February 2003.
- Atkins married Catherine Gayle Williams (maiden; born 1914) November 27, 1936, in Los Angeles. The were divorced in 1944. She had been a dancer at the chorus line of Cotton Club productions. After leaving show business in 1942, Williams went on to earn a Masters Degree in Social Work from the University of Iowa and has had a distinguished career in Iowa in social work.
- Atkins married Dorothy ("Dottie") Lee Saulters (maiden; 1922–1962) September 2, 1944, in Wilmington, Delaware, while he was in the U.S. Army. Dottie, who had become his dance partner in 1942, had been married to Honi Coles from 1936 to 1944; Coles had been a longtime dance partner in shows with Atkins, and continued to perform with Atkins
- Atkins married Maye Ollie Harrison (1918–2004) and remained married to her until his death.
- "Over the Top To Be-Bop," Coles and Atkins (dance duet), aired January 3, 1965, on CBS (Hank Jones, piano); OCLC 830519421, 181202686, 41462387, OCLC 38594171, 37633199
- "Swing is Really The Thing," Coles and Atkins (dance duet) (recording date unknown)
- "Interview with Charlie Atkins: The O'Jays Rehearsal," Soul Train October 11, 1975 on YouTube
- on YouTube and discussing Cholly Atkins' choreography of the number (deadlink)
- Douglas Martin (2003-04-23). "Cholly Atkins, 89, Dancer and Choreographer". New York Times. Retrieved 2008-08-13.
- Lewis Segal (2003-04-23). "Cholly Atkins, 89; Tap Dancer, Motown Stars' Choreographer". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2015-09-03.
- Howard Rye. In L. Root, Deane. Grove Music Online. Oxford Music Online. Oxford University Press. (subscription required); OCLC 5104947759
- Gentlemen Prefer Blondes, Internet Broadway Database (retrieved November 17, 2012)
- "Charles 'Cholly' Atkins," Holyoke: Theater Dance Studio (www
.theatredance .com), Vance C. Holmes (born 1962) of Minneapolis (website administrator) (retrieved August 13, 2008)
- "House Resolution 19 – Honoring Catherine Gayle Williams" (November 2014); Sponsored by:
- Class Act The Jazz Life of Choreographer Cholly Atkins, by Cholly Atkins and Jacqui Malone, Columbia University Press (2001; 2012); OCLC 974087440, 962366843
- Alabama Music Hall of Fame (retrieved June 29, 1912) (host website is functional – www
.alamhof .org; but can't find link to article)
- www.udetroit.com/article.php?article_id=19 – U Detroit Cafe (retrieved November 17, 2012) (website is apparently connected to a defunct Detroit restaurant; website is inactive)
.rontyson .com /chollyatkins .html – from the official website of Ron Tyson (retrieved November 17, 1912)