Choloylglycine hydrolase

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choloylglycine hydrolase
EC no.
CAS no.37289-07-9
IntEnzIntEnz view
ExPASyNiceZyme view
MetaCycmetabolic pathway
PDB structuresRCSB PDB PDBe PDBsum
Gene OntologyAmiGO / QuickGO

In enzymology, a choloylglycine hydrolase (EC is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction

3alpha,7alpha,12alpha-trihydroxy-5beta-cholan-24-oylglycine + H2O 3alpha,7alpha,12alpha-trihydroxy-5beta-cholanate + glycine

Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are 3alpha,7alpha,12alpha-trihydroxy-5beta-cholan-24-oylglycine and H2O, whereas its two products are 3alpha,7alpha,12alpha-trihydroxy-5beta-cholanate and glycine.[1][2]

This enzyme belongs to the family of hydrolases, those acting on carbon-nitrogen bonds other than peptide bonds, specifically in linear amides. The systematic name of this enzyme class is 3alpha,7alpha,12alpha-trihydroxy-5beta-cholan-24-oylglycine amidohydrolase. Other names in common use include glycocholase, bile salt hydrolase, and choloyltaurine hydrolase. This enzyme participates in bile acid biosynthesis.

Structural studies[edit]

As of late 2007, 4 structures have been solved for this class of enzymes, with PDB accession codes 2BJF, 2BJG, 2HEZ, and 2HF0.


A 2018 study has linked the enzyme in gut bacteria to obesity and carbohydrate metabolism dominating over fat metabolism.


  1. ^ Coleman JP, Hudson LL (1995). "Cloning and characterization of a conjugated bile acid hydrolase gene from Clostridium perfringens". Appl Environ Microbiol. 61 (7): 2514–20. doi:10.1128/AEM.61.7.2514-2520.1995. PMC 167523. PMID 7618863.
  2. ^ Rossocha M, Schultz-Heienbrok R, von Moeller H, Coleman JP, Saenger W (2005). "Conjugated bile acid hydrolase is a tetrameric N-terminal thiol hydrolase with specific recognition of its cholyl but not of its tauryl product". Biochemistry. 44 (15): 5739–48. doi:10.1021/bi0473206. PMID 15823032.
  • Nair PP, Gordon M, Reback J (1967). "The enzymatic cleavage of the carbon-nitrogen bond in 3-alpha, 7-alpha, 12-alpha-trihydroxy-5-beta-cholan-24-oylglycine". J. Biol. Chem. 242 (1): 7–11. PMID 6016335.
  • Stellwag EJ, Hylemon PB (1976). "Purification and characterization of bile salt hydrolase from Bacteroides fragilis subsp. fragilis". Biochim. Biophys. Acta. 452 (1): 165–76. doi:10.1016/0005-2744(76)90068-1. PMID 10993.