Chonburi (city)

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Chonburi
ชลบุรี
Town
เทศบาลเมืองชลบุรี
The Khao Khiao Massif rising behind Chonburi town
The Khao Khiao Massif rising behind Chonburi town
Official seal of Chonburi
Seal
Chonburi is located in Thailand
Chonburi
Chonburi
Location in Thailand
Coordinates: 13°21′40″N 100°59′6″E / 13.36111°N 100.98500°E / 13.36111; 100.98500
Country Thailand
Province Chonburi
District Mueang Chonburi
Government
 • Mayor Decho Kongchayasukkawat
Area
 • Total 3.5 km2 (1.4 sq mi)
Elevation 9 m (30 ft)
Population (2006)
 • Total 180,000
Time zone UTC+7 (ICT)
Postcode 20000
Area code (+66) 38
Geocode 2099
Website chonburicity.go.th

Chonburi (Thai: ชลบุรี, RTGSChon Buri,  [tɕ͡ʰōn bū.rīː] (About this sound listen)) is the capital of Chonburi Province and Mueang Chonburi District in Thailand. It is about 100 km south-east of Bangkok, on the coast of the Gulf of Thailand. The name means "city of water". Chonburi, along with other areas along the coast to Pattaya, forms a conurbation known as the Pattaya-Chonburi Metropolitan Area.

Chonburi has had town (thesaban mueang) status since 1935.[1]

Climate[edit]

Chonburi has a tropical savanna climate (Köppen climate classification Aw). Winters are fairly dry and very warm. Temperatures rise until April, which is hot with the average daily maximum at 35.2 °C (95.4 °F). The monsoon season runs from May through October, with heavy rain and somewhat cooler temperatures during the day, although nights remain warm.

Climate data for Chonburi (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 37.3
(99.1)
37.5
(99.5)
38.4
(101.1)
39.9
(103.8)
39.0
(102.2)
36.8
(98.2)
37.2
(99)
36.2
(97.2)
35.9
(96.6)
36.5
(97.7)
37.9
(100.2)
36.9
(98.4)
39.9
(103.8)
Average high °C (°F) 32.6
(90.7)
33.2
(91.8)
34.2
(93.6)
35.2
(95.4)
34.2
(93.6)
33.7
(92.7)
33.2
(91.8)
33.0
(91.4)
32.6
(90.7)
32.7
(90.9)
32.8
(91)
32.4
(90.3)
33.3
(91.9)
Daily mean °C (°F) 26.9
(80.4)
28.1
(82.6)
29.2
(84.6)
30.2
(86.4)
29.8
(85.6)
29.6
(85.3)
29.2
(84.6)
29.0
(84.2)
28.3
(82.9)
27.9
(82.2)
27.6
(81.7)
26.5
(79.7)
28.5
(83.3)
Average low °C (°F) 22.1
(71.8)
24.0
(75.2)
25.5
(77.9)
26.6
(79.9)
26.4
(79.5)
26.3
(79.3)
26.1
(79)
25.8
(78.4)
25.1
(77.2)
24.5
(76.1)
23.3
(73.9)
21.6
(70.9)
24.8
(76.6)
Record low °C (°F) 13.5
(56.3)
17.0
(62.6)
14.0
(57.2)
22.0
(71.6)
22.1
(71.8)
20.8
(69.4)
21.0
(69.8)
21.3
(70.3)
21.0
(69.8)
18.9
(66)
14.5
(58.1)
13.0
(55.4)
13.0
(55.4)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 9.9
(0.39)
14.3
(0.563)
47.5
(1.87)
74.1
(2.917)
175.3
(6.902)
147.7
(5.815)
140.6
(5.535)
154.1
(6.067)
268.9
(10.587)
208.9
(8.224)
48.8
(1.921)
5.5
(0.217)
1,295.6
(51.008)
Average rainy days 1.4 2.2 4.8 7.5 14.5 14.9 14.8 16.7 19.9 16.4 5.3 1.0 119.4
Average relative humidity (%) 66 70 71 71 75 74 74 75 79 78 69 63 72
Mean monthly sunshine hours 263.5 245.8 238.7 240.0 195.3 153.0 158.1 114.7 108.0 145.7 222.0 260.4 2,345.2
Mean daily sunshine hours 8.5 8.7 7.7 8.0 6.3 5.1 5.1 3.7 3.6 4.7 7.4 8.4 6.4
Source #1: Thai Meteorological Department[2]
Source #2: Office of Water Management and Hydrology, Royal Irrigation Department (sun and humidity)[3]

Transportation[edit]

The main road through Chonburi is Thailand Route 3, also known as Sukhumvit Road. To the north-east it connects to Bangkok and to south it connects to Rayong, Chanthaburi and Trat. Route 344 leads east to Klaeng (which is also on Route 3). Route 7 runs parallel to Route 3 but bypasses the densely populated coastal area, connecting to the beach resort city of Pattaya.

Tourism[edit]

A number of beaches and Khao Sam Muk hill by the Bangkok Bay seashore are important tourist attractions in Chonburi city.

Military[edit]

Unithai Shipyard will serve as the main facility to repair United States Navy ships in the Thailand area.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ พระราชกฤษฎีกาจัดตั้งเทศบาลเมืองชลบุรี จังหวัดชลบุรี พุทธศักราช ๒๔๗๘ (PDF). Royal Gazette (in Thai). 52 (0 ก): 1651–1656. 1935-12-10.
  2. ^ "Climatological Data for the Period 1981–2010". Thai Meteorological Department. p. 19. Retrieved 4 August 2016.
  3. ^ "ปริมาณการใช้น้ำของพืชอ้างอิงโดยวิธีของ Penman Monteith (Reference Crop Evapotranspiration by Penman Monteith)" (PDF) (in Thai). Office of Water Management and Hydrology, Royal Irrigation Department. p. 93. Retrieved 4 August 2016.
  4. ^ "Austal, Unithai sign MoU on US ship repairs."

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 13°21′40″N 100°59′6″E / 13.36111°N 100.98500°E / 13.36111; 100.98500