A common cause of chondrocalcinosis is calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate crystal deposition disease (CPPD).
Other causes of chondrocalcinosis include:
- Hypercalcaemia, especially when caused by hyperparathyroidism
- Wilson disease
- Gitelman syndrome.
Chondrocalcinosis can be visualized on projectional radiography, CT scan, MRI, US, and nuclear medicine. CT scans and MRIs show calcific masses (usually within the ligamentum flavum or joint capsule), however radiography is more successful. At ultrasound, chondrocalcinosis may be depicted as echogenic foci with no acoustic shadow within the hyaline cartilage. As with most conditions, chondrocalcinosis can present with similarity to other diseases such as ankylosing spondylitis and gout.
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- Matt A. Morgan and Frank Gaillard; et al. "Chondrocalcinosis". Radiopedia. Retrieved 2017-08-11.
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- Wright GD, Doherty M (1997). "Calcium pyrophosphate crystal deposition is not always 'wear and tear' or aging". Ann. Rheum. Dis. 56 (10): 586–8. doi:10.1136/ard.56.10.586. PMC 1752269. PMID 9389218.
- Arend CF. Ultrasound of the Shoulder. Master Medical Books, 2013. Free chapter on acromioclavicular chondrocalcinosis is available at ShoulderUS.com