Chongqing Rail Transit

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Chongqing Rail Transit
BSicon SUBWAY-CHN alt.svg
CRT Logo.svg
Locale Chongqing
Transit type rapid transit,
straddle-beam monorail
Number of lines 4
Number of stations 120[Note 1]
Daily ridership 1.73 million (2015 Avg.)[1]
2.4 million (2014 Peak)[2]
Annual ridership 310 million (2012)[3]
Began operation 18 June 2005
Operator(s) Chongqing Rail Transit Group Co., Ltd.
System length 201.6 km (125.3 mi)
System map

Chongqing Rail Transit Map.png

Chongqing Rail Transit
Simplified Chinese 重庆轨道交通
Traditional Chinese 重慶軌道交通
Timelapse of the Chongqing Metro.

The Chongqing Rail Transit (CRT) also known as Chongqing Metro, is the metro system in the city of Chongqing, China and has been in operation since the year 2005. CRT serves transportation needs in the city's main business and entertainment downtown areas and inner suburbs. It is the oldest of the three metro systems in operation in the interior west of China, the others being Chengdu Metro, and Xi'an Metro which opened in 2010 and 2011, respectively.

As of May 2015, CRT consisted of four lines, with a total track length of 201.6 km (125.3 mi). Lines 1 and 6 are conventional heavy-rail subways, while Lines 2 and 3 are heavy-capacity monorails. Line 1 is the system's backbone connecting the most densely populated areas including the main Central Business Districts: Jiefangbei, Lianglukou, Daping, and Shapingba. Line 2 runs through three administrative districts in the central city (Yuzhong, Jiulongpo, and Dadukou). Line 6 runs from Jiangbei to Yubei. A system network of 18 lines in total is planned.

At 80 km (50 mi), the system's two monorail lines form the world's largest monorail network circa 2014,[4] with the 55.5 km (34.5 mi) Line 3 being the world's longest single monorail line.[5][6]


The CRT is part of the central government's project to develop the Western regions and the Japan Bank for International Cooperation provided part of the funding.[7] Construction was carried out in cooperation between Changchun Railway Vehicles Co. Ltd. and Hitachi Monorail, using advanced Japanese monorail technology.[8] Construction on Line 2 began in 1999, and it was officially opened in June 2005 from Jiaochangkou (Jiefangbei CBD) to Dongwuyuan Chongqing Zoo.


  • 18 June 2005 (Line 2): Jiaochangkou – Dongwuyuan
  • 1 July 2006 (Line 2): Dongwuyuan – Xinshancun
  • 28 July 2011 (Line 1): Jiaochangkou – Shapingba
  • 27 September 2011 (Line 1): Jiaochangkou – Xiaoshizi
  • 29 September 2011 (Line 3): Lianglukou – Yuanyang
  • 8 October 2011 (Line 3): Yuanyang – Changfulu
  • 30 December 2011 (Line 3): Lianglukou – Ertang & Changfulu – Jiangbei International Airport
  • 28 September 2012 (Line 6): Kangzhuang – Wulidian
  • 21 December 2012 (Line 1): Shapingba – Daxuecheng
  • 26 December 2012 (Line 6): Kangzhuang – Lijia
  • 28 December 2012 (Line 3): Ertang – Yudong
  • 31 January 2012 (Line 3): Chalukou, Huaxi & Jinzhu
  • 28 September 2012 (Line 6): Kangzhuang – Wulidian
  • 26 December 2012 (Line 6): Kangzhuang – Lijia
  • 15 May 2013 (Line 6): Lijia – Yuelai
  • 31 December 2013 (Line 6): Lijia – Beibei
  • 31 December 2014 (Line 2): Xinshancun – Yudong
  • 31 December 2014 (Line 6): Wulidian – Chayuan


CRT is a unique metro system in China in that a significant number of lines use heavy monorail technology. In a hilly, multiple-river city it is not feasible to construct an all heavy-rail tunnel system given the depths of some many of the stations. For this reason, only two lines are planned to be heavy rail, the others straddle-beam monorails using heavy vehicles.

Line 1 is the first conventional subway running in a deep bored tunnel below Yuzhong and Shapingba Districts. The only other conventional subway is Line 6, which connects the main central business districts of Nanping in Nan'an District and Jiangbei's Guanyinqiao CBD and New City CBD to Jiefangbei CBD.

The monorail vehicles with strong climbing capabilities and have rapid transit capacity, capable of transporting 32,000 passengers per hour per direction,[9] invaluable in the densely populated but hilly city. Line 2 is for the most part elevated above streets, although a 2.2 km (1.4 mi) section is underground, including three of its 18 stations in the Jiefangbei CBD and Daping downtown areas in hyper-dense populated area of Yuzhong District. In 2010, Line 2 served 45 million passengers.[3]

To keep up with demand, construction is under way on extensions to Line 1, Line 2, Line 3, and Line 6, whose primary route is currently under trial. With the opening of Line 3 and Line 6 in 2012, all of the core urban area will be accessible by CRT.

Line Terminals
Opened Newest
     Line 1 (Heavy-rail) Xiaoshizi
2011 2014 6 B 38.9 23
     Line 6 (Heavy-rail) Chayuan
Beibei (Beibei) 2012 2015 6 B 75.9 33
Lijia (Yubei) Yuelai (Yubei)
Sub-Total (Heavy-rail only) 114.8 56
     Line 2 (Monorail) Jiaochangkou
2005 2014 4/6 31.3 25
     Line 3 (Monorail) Yudong
Jiangbei Airport
2011 2013 6/8 55.5 39
Sub-Total (Monorail only) 86.8 64
Grand Total 201.6 120

Line 1[edit]

CRT Line 1's logo.

Line 1 runs 16.4 km (10.2 mi) from Chaotianmen in downtown west to Shapingba, and eventually to Shuangbei with a length of 22.4 km (13.9 mi). It is the first heavy-rail subway line, the second in Western China. Passenger capacity is 36,000 passengers/hour/direction.

In 1992, the Chongqing government signed a Build-Operate-Transfer agreement with a Hong Kong company and provided the land for the project, but work ceased in 1997 due to legal issues.[citation needed] Work resumed from Chaotianmen to Shapingba on 9 June 2007, and opened to limited operation on 28 July.[10] An extension from Shapingba to University Town began in 2009 and was scheduled to open in 2013. Thales provided an Operations Control Centre for this line.

Line 1 has 14 stations, including interchange stations with Line 2 at Jiaochangkou in Jeifangbei CBD and at Daping and with Line 3 at Lianglukou, near the Chongqing Rail Station in the Caiyuanba section of central Yuzhong.

Line 2[edit]

CRT Line 2's logo.
Dongwuyuan station, CRT Line 2.

Line 2, a monorail line, runs 29.9 km (18.6 mi) and services 25 stations. It begins as a subway under downtown Jeifangbei, then runs west along the southern bank of the Jialing River on an elevated line, then turns south into the south-western inner suburbs, looping back east to terminate at Yudong in Ba'nan. It also runs through Daping CBD and Yingjiaping CBD in Jiulongpo District and the Chongqing City Zoo at Dongwuyuan Station. Most trains consist of four carriages, and six-carriage trains began to operate in September 2012.[11] Line 2 is the first rapid transit line to open in the Interior West of China (in 2005). In 2013, six-car trains are being implemented due to overcrowding and increasing demand.[12]

Line 3[edit]

CRT Line 3's logo.

Line 3 runs from north to south, linking the districts separated by the Yangtze (Chang Jiang) and Jialing rivers. The initial segment from Lianglukou to Yuanyang (18 stations, 17.5 km (10.9 mi)) opened on 29 September 2011, with a northern extension from Yuanyang to Jiangbei Airport opening on 30 December 2011[13] and a southern extension from Ertang to Yudong on 28 December 2012.[14]

Most trains consist of six carriages, bigger than on the older Line 2, expected to upgrade to eight-car trains by 2014.[15] Currently 8 car trains are undergoing testing.[16] There are interchange stations in central Yuzhong district with Line 1 at Lianglukou (Caiyuanba Intercity Rail/Bus Station), and with Line 2 at Niujiaotuo.

Line 6[edit]

CRT Line 6's logo.

Line 6 is the second heavy-rail subway. Opened on 28 September 2012 it connects Nan'an, Yuzhong, and Jiangbei districts in central Chongqing. A northern branch line from Lijia to Wulukou, Beibei district was opened on 31 December 2013,[17] 26.2 km (16.3 mi) long with five stations. Thales provided an Operations Control Centre for this line.

Network expansion[edit]

CRT is expected to have six lines criss-crossing the urban districts by 2015, and a loop line connecting them.[18] However, in addition to the extensions to Lines 1, 2 and 3 only one line was under construction in mid 2011. Phase 1 for the Circle Line was expected to commence construction by the end of October 2013, linking Chongqing West Railway Station and Shanghao in Nan'an District with 22 underground stations, by 2018.[19] Construction of Lines 4 and 5 commenced on 5 December 2013 to be completed by 2017, with Line 10 expected to start construction early in 2014.[20]

Lines under construction[edit]

Line Segment Terminals Track Type Coach Type Length (km) Stations Construction Start Date Expected Openning Date Status
     Circle Line (Line 0) full loop loop through Chongqing W. Railway Station Heavy-rail 6A 50.9 33 October 28, 2013 June 30, 2017 (separately) In full construction
     Line 1 Bishan extension Jiandingpo Bishan Heavy-rail 6B 5.6 2 June 2014 2017 In full constraction
     Line 3 northern extension Bijin Jurenba Monorail 6/8 10.9 7 2013 Late 2016 In full construction
     Line 4 phase 1 Xinpaifang Tangjiatuo Heavy-rail 6A 17.6 9 December 3, 2013 June 30, 2017 (may be delayed) In full construction
     Line 5 phase 1 Jinyudadao Tiaodeng Heavy-rail 6A 39.7 25 December 3, 2013 June 30, 2017 In full construction
southern extension Riaodeng Jiangjin Heavy-rail 6A 26.7 6 June 2015 2018 In full constraction
     Line 9 phase 1 Gaotanyan Huixing Heavy-rail 6A 32.3 24 Late 2016 2019 Under preparation
     Line 10 phase 1 Lanhua Rd. Wangjiazhuang Heavy-rail 6A 33 19 May 2014 June 30, 2017 In full construction

Future lines[edit]

Planned opening Line Terminals Length (km) Stations Status
No timetable
     Line 7 Beibei Shuangfu 58 21 planned
     Line 8 Jieshi Yulin 51 19 proposed
     Line 11 Danzishi Industrial Zone 15 9 planned
     Line 12 Jinfeng S. Lujiao S. 27 14 planned
     Line 13 Huxi International Convention and Exhibition Center 41 16 planned
     Line 14 Shuitu Yulin 38 16 planned
     Line 15 Shuangbei Shengjibao 44 16 planned
     Line 16 Xiangjiagang Hujiaqiao 15 7 planned
     Line 17 Xiyong Jijiang 41 16 planned
     Line 18 Shuitu Caijia N/A N/A canceled


By Cash[edit]

If you buy the tickets by cash, you will have to pay full-price from ¥2 (~$.3) to ¥7 (~$1) before you get on the platform, depending on how long you'll travel. The sheet of prices of tickets between main stations is to be updated on this page.

By Cards[edit]

CRT accepts Habitable & Unblocked Card (AKA Chongqing Universal Card, released by Chongqing City Card Payment Co., Ltd.) and its compatible cards released by partner companies in other cities of China.
You can get a 10%-off price when you use Regular Card to take public vehicles in the city. You'll only have to pay the higher price when you transfer in the system within 1 hr (not including metro-to-metro, according to the paying time). Regular Card takes ¥25 (~$4), available in all ticket windows of CRT, as long as 9 service points of CCCPC in the city. You can get part of the monry (= ¥25 - ¥1 * months you've kept it, ¥0 at least) back when you give back the card with the receipt. You can also use it in many shops, cinemas, restaurant etc. in the city.
Students' Card and Elders' Card are not avaliable in CRT, but you can have both one of them and Regular Card in just one card.
For more information, visit (Simplified Chinese).


If you stay in paid-zone for over 3 hours, you'll have to pay as much as the highest ticket price in the system (for now it's ¥7).

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "重庆轨道交通获全国五一劳动奖状". Xinhua. Retrieved 2013-05-10. 
  2. ^ "重庆200万轻轨族成社会中坚力量 生活被严重忽视". 重庆商报. Retrieved 2015-10-24. 
  3. ^ a b "Daily Ridership". Chongqing News. Retrieved 2013-01-06. 
  4. ^ "쵥һ г95%". Retrieved 19 November 2014. 
  5. ^ "3号线鱼洞~二塘段基本情况". Retrieved 19 November 2014. 
  6. ^ "一不小心创造了又一个第一?". Retrieved 19 November 2014. 
  7. ^ [1] Archived 27 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine.
  8. ^ [2] Archived 5 November 2006 at the Wayback Machine.
  9. ^
  10. ^ [3] Archived 27 August 2011 at the Wayback Machine.
  11. ^ Dai Liu. "Extended train for Chongqing Light Rail Line 2 to debut in Sept.". Retrieved 19 November 2014. 
  12. ^ "ͨ23г". Retrieved 19 November 2014. 
  13. ^ F_100543. "Chongqing Rail Transit Line 3 opens to traffic". Retrieved 19 November 2014. 
  14. ^ "3号线鱼洞~二塘段基本情况". Retrieved 19 November 2014. 
  15. ^ "明年轨道3号线增开8辆编组列车 动力将提升1/3". Retrieved 19 November 2014. 
  16. ^ "3号线8节编组列车外观就是这样的。 刘贤科 摄". Retrieved 19 November 2014. 
  17. ^ Liu Kan. "Rail transit line 6 to Beibei". Retrieved 19 November 2014. 
  18. ^ [4] Archived 7 July 2007 at the Wayback Machine.
  19. ^ Liu Kan. "Loop line of Chongqing rail transit to start construction". Retrieved 19 November 2014. 
  20. ^ Luoshuang. "Two lines of CRT begin construction". Retrieved 19 November 2014. 
  1. ^ This figure involves counting the two interchanges once for every line that it is part of. If every interchange is only counted once, there will be 113 stations.

External links[edit]