Chongqing University

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Chongqing University
重庆大学
Chongqing University Logo.png
Motto
耐劳苦, 尚俭朴, 勤学业, 爱国家[1]
Motto in English
Endure Toil, Cherish Thrift, Work Hard and Love the Country[2]
TypeNational Public
Established1929
PresidentDr. Zhang, Zongyi
Academic staff
5200
Students50 000
Undergraduates28 000
Postgraduates21 000
Location,
CampusThree campuses (A, B, C) downtown, one campus (D) in suburbs, 178 hectares
ColorsBlueRed
AffiliationsExcellence League, Double First Class University, 211 Project, 985 Project
Websitehttp://english.cqu.edu.cn
CQUName Horizontal.png

Chongqing University (simplified Chinese: 重庆大学; traditional Chinese: 重慶大學; pinyin: Chóngqìng Dàxué, also abbreviated as CQU) is a key national university located in Chongqing, People's Republic of China, and a member of the "Excellence League". Chongqing University is a Chinese Ministry of Education Class A Double First Class University,[3] and also one of the "Project 211 and Project 985” universities with full support in the construction and development from the central government and the Chongqing Municipal Government. Among its various departments, Chongqing University is especially highly ranked in the Built Environment, Engineering, Technology, and Business disciplines.[4]

History[edit]

Chongqing University was founded in 1929,when some professors who born in Chongqing, working at Chengdu University, decided to found a new University in Chongqing.The university was founded with the help of General Liu Xiang, who's involvement resulted in the founding of the Chongqing University Preparatory Committee.

On October 12th, the first term of Chongqing University began, and the Chongqing University Preparatory Committee published the <Chongqing University Founding Declaration>.

Original Chinese: “人类之文野,国家之理乱,悉以人才为其主要之因。必人才日出,然后事业日新,然后生机永畅。世界所以进化无疆,国家所以长存不敝,胥赖于此。”

Liberal translation: "Human beings are civilized or barbaric, and the country is powerful or chaotic must depend on the talents. There are more talents, the development is more fast, Then we will enter a new era of sustainable development. For this reason, the world continues to progress and the country continues to be powerful."

During World War II, Chongqing was the only industrial city of ROC which was not seized by Japan.

In 1937,the Capital of Nanjing was seized. the Chinese government ordered that all agencies move to Chongqing and continue resisting Japanese aggressions. This resulted in the relocation of the National Central University to Chongqing, where it was granted 200mu of land by Chongqing University, and a cooperative relationship was established between the two universities. Many distinguished professors taught at the two universities during third period, including Li Siguang, Xu BeihongWu Guanzhong, Ma Yinchu, He Lu,Lu Zuofu.

In 1942, Chongqing University became a national comprehensive university consisting of six colleges in liberal arts, science, engineering, law, and medicine.

In 1952, the nationwide restructuring of higher education turned Chongqing University into an engineering-orientated multi-disciplinary university under the State Ministry of Education. In 1960, Chongqing University was designated as one of the first key national universities. Since the implementation of reform and opening-up policy in China, Chongqing University has stressed the development of disciplines like humanities, business management, art, sports education, which has further sped up the process of developing itself into a comprehensive institution of higher learning.

Present[edit]

Chongqing University has 28 schools plus the graduate school, the City College of Science and Technology, the College of Continuing Education, and the College of Networking Education. The University now has a total enrollment of 50,000 students, of which 20,000 are master's and doctoral students, and 30,000 undergraduate students. The university owns 24 mobile workstations for postdoctoral study, 133 doctoral programs, 256 master programs, 18 professional master's degree programs, namely MBA, EMBA,MPA, master of engineering, and 89 bachelor's degree programs in 8 academic categories of science,engineering, liberal arts, economics, management, law, agriculture and education.[4]

Currently, the university has a total number of 5,400 faculty and staff members, among which about 2700 are full-time teachers, 3 members of the Chinese Academy of Engineering and 12 contracted members from other institutions, 6 members of the Subject Appraisal Team of the Degree Committee under the State Council, 4 chief scientists of the National 973 Project,4 the state-level middle-aged or young experts with distinguished contribution, 500 doctorate supervisors, 1,700 full professors and associate professors.

Chongqing University covers a total area of 5,500 mu (about 178 hectares), with 1.60 million square meters of construction space. In 2001, Chongqing University Technology Park came into being,as one of the 22 state-level university technology parks in China.

Academics[edit]

Academic organisation[edit]

Faculty of Arts and Sciences
  • Institute for Advanced Studies in Humanities and Social Sciences
  • Liberal Arts College
  • School of Economics and Business Administration
  • School of Public Affairs
  • School of Foreign Language
  • School of Arts
  • School of Journalism and Communication
  • Law School
  • Meishi Film Academy
  • School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering
  • School of Bioengineering
  • School of Physics
  • School of Mathematics and Statistics
  • School of Physical Education
  • School of Life Sciences
Faculty of the Built Environment
  • School of Architecture and Urban Planning
  • School of Civil Engineering
  • School of Urban Construction and Environmental Engineering
  • School of Construction Management and Real Estate
Faculty of Engineering
  • School of Mechanical Engineering
  • School of Electrical Engineering
  • School of Power Engineering
  • School of Material Science and Engineering
  • School of Resources and Environmental Science
  • School of Aerospace Engineering
  • Chongqing University and University of Cincinnati Joint Cooperative Institute(JCI)
Faculty of Information Science and Technology
  • School of Computer Science
  • School of Automation
  • School of Communication Engineering
  • School of Opto-Electronic Engineering
  • School of Software Engineering
Other
  • International School (College of International Education)
  • City College of Science and Technology
  • College of Continuing Education
  • College of Networking Education

Teaching and research[edit]

Chongqing University is in possession of 17 state key subjects and 14 key subjects under the state "211 Project", 38 provincial or ministerial key subjects. The university sets up 14 specially appointed professor posts under the "Yangtze River Scholar Award Program". It has established 3 national teaching bases for fundamental courses and a national quality education base for college students, 9 national key labs and ministerial key labs, 71 provincial key labs, and 130 labs of different specialties. Moreover, Chongqing University has constructed the distance education center, multi-media classrooms of large scale and interactive audio-visual classrooms, labs or training centers in cooperation with world-famous enterprises such as Siemens, Microsoft, IBM, Rockwell, Omron, etc. The university has a national key publishing house, a national first-class architectural designing institute, and a first-class institute for planning and design.

In recent years, the university has undertaken over 100 national key scientific projects of different types, and won 13 National Awards for Invention, 40 Awards for Scientific and Technological Advancement, 4 Awards for Natural Science, 968 ministerial and provincial awards, 283 Awards for Teaching Achievement.

Rankings[edit]