Chongsheng Temple (Fujian)

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Chongsheng Temple
崇聖寺
Xuefeng temple buildings 2.JPG
Chongsheng Temple.
Religion
AffiliationBuddhism
DeityChan Buddhism
Location
LocationMount Xuefeng, Minhou County, Fujian
CountryChina
Chongsheng Temple (Fujian) is located in Fujian
Chongsheng Temple (Fujian)
Shown within Fujian
Chongsheng Temple (Fujian) is located in China
Chongsheng Temple (Fujian)
Chongsheng Temple (Fujian) (China)
Geographic coordinates26°24′14″N 119°03′03″E / 26.403949°N 119.050745°E / 26.403949; 119.050745Coordinates: 26°24′14″N 119°03′03″E / 26.403949°N 119.050745°E / 26.403949; 119.050745
Architecture
StyleChinese architecture
FounderYicun (义存)
Date established870
Completed1979 (reconstruction)

Chongsheng Temple (simplified Chinese: 崇圣寺; traditional Chinese: 崇聖寺; pinyin: Chóngshèng Sì) is a Buddhist temple located at the foot of Mount Xuefeng in Dahu Township, Minhou County, Fujian, China.

The oldest things in the temple are two 1000-year-old Tamarix chinensis trees, which were supposed planted by founding master Yicun and Wang Shenzhi.[1]

History[edit]

Buildings of Chongsheng Temple.

According to Song-dynasty Biographies of Eminent Monks (宋高僧传) and Record of the Transmission of the Lamp (景德传灯录), the temple was originally built as "Yingtian Xuefeng Chan Temple" (应天雪峰禅院) in 870 by Chan master Yicun (义存; 822–908), under the Tang dynasty (618–907). His disciples Yunmen Wenyan and Fayan Shibei founded Yunmen school and Fayan school respectively.[2][3]

In 978, in the 3rd year of Taiping Xingguo in the Song dynasty (960–1279), Emperor Taizong honored the name "Xuefeng Chongsheng Chan Temple" (雪峰崇圣禅寺), which has been used to date.[2][3]

Chongsheng Temple underwent two renovations in the Ming and Qing dynasties, respectively in the 2nd year of Yongle Emperor's reign (1404) by abbot Fa'an (法庵) and in the ruling of Guangxu Emperor (1887) by abbot Daben (达本).[2][3]

In 1928, Yuan Ying, a prominent Buddhist monk, was unanimously chosen as the new abbot of Chongsheng Temple. He supervised the reconstruction of Chongsheng Temple. In 1937, after the Marco Polo Bridge Incident, the Second Sino-Japanese War broke out. Chongsheng Temple was subjected to bombardment during wars between Nationalists and the Imperial Japanese Army.[2][3]

After the 3rd Plenary Session of the 11th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, the policy of religious freedom was implemented. In 1979 the local government restored and rebuilt Chongsheng Temple on the original site.[2][3] It has been designated as a National Key Buddhist Temple in Han Chinese Area by the State Council of China in 1983.

Architecture[edit]

The complex include the following halls: Shanmen, Mahavira Hall, Hall of Four Heavenly Kings, Hall of Guanyin, Bell tower, Drum tower, Hall of Guru, Dharma Hall, Meditation Hall, Reception Hall, Dining Room, etc.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Chongsheng Temple". charitychinese.com (in Chinese). 2015.
  2. ^ a b c d e 禅宗名刹:雪峰崇圣禅寺 [Famous Chan Buddhist Temple: Xuefeng Chongsheng Chan Temple]. sina (in Chinese). 2018-01-08.
  3. ^ a b c d e Yuan Shun (South Korea) (2011-05-03). 禅宗名刹:闽侯雪峰崇圣寺 [Famous Chan Buddhist Temple: Xuefeng Chongsheng Temple in Minhou County]. qq.com (in Chinese). Translated by Jin Yixie.