Chongwenmen

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Chongwenmen (Chinese: ; pinyin: Chóngwénmén; Manchu: Šu be wesihulere duka) is the name of a gate that was once part of Beijing's city wall in what is now Dongcheng District. The gate stood in the southeastern part of Beijing's inner city, immediately south of the old Beijing Legation Quarter. In the 1960s, the gate and much of the wall was torn down to make room for Beijing's second ring road. Today, Chongwenmen is marked by the intersection of Chongwenmen Nei (Inner) and Chongwenmen Wai (Outer) Street, which run north-south through the former gate, Chongwenmen East and Chongwenmen West Street, which run east-west where the wall stood, and Beijing Station West Street, a diagonal street, going northwest to the Beijing Railway Station. Chongwenmen is a transport node in Beijing. Chongwenmen Station is an interchange station on Lines 2 and 5 of the Beijing Subway. Chongwen District, an administrative division of the city from 1952 to 2010 and now folded into Dongcheng District, was named after Chongwenmen.

Chongwenmen intersection in 2007, with the Hademen Hotel, named after Chongwenmen's colloquial name visible at right

History[edit]

Chongwenmen Gate at the outset of the 20th Century

During the Yuan dynasty, the gate was called Wenmingmen (文明門). Because the residence of the Mongol prince Hada was located close by, the gate was also popularly known as Hadamen (哈達門; 哈大門) or Hademen (哈德門).[1] The name Hademen survived well into the twentieth century, and was even the name of a popular cigarette brand. The Hademen Hotel now overlooks where the gate once stood. To the east of Chongwenmen, the Ming City Wall Relics Park has the best preserved remaining section of Beijing's Ming city wall.

Transport[edit]

Beijing Subway[edit]

Beijing Bus[edit]

  • Chongwenmen West: 8, 9, 20, 41, 44, 59, 60, 103, 104, 110, 622, 623, 673, 特2, 夜5, 夜17.
  • Chongwenmennei: 25, 39, 41, 106, 108, 110, 111, 116, 684, 685
  • Chongwenmenwai: 108, 111
  • Chongwenmen East: 12, 25, 39, 43, 44, 525, 夜10, 夜24, 夜28

Bus line number in bold denotes bus terminal.

References[edit]

  1. ^ (Chinese) 北京历史文化—崇文门 2013-05-03

Coordinates: 39°53′54″N 116°25′03″E / 39.8982°N 116.4176°E / 39.8982; 116.4176