Museo Universitario del Chopo
Museo Universitario del Chopo
|Established||November 25, 1975|
|Location||Dr. Enrique González Martínez Street, Colonia Santa María la Ribera, Mexico City, Mexico|
|Director||José Luis Paredes Pacho|
|Owner||National Autonomous University of Mexico|
The Museo Universitario del Chopo (meaning, "poplar"; locally nicknamed Crystal Palace or simply El Chopo, in Spanish) (Chopo University Museum) is located at Doctor Enrique González Martínez Street in the Colonia Santa María la Ribera of Mexico City. It has collections in contemporary art, and is part of the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM).
The building is located at #10 Doctor Enrique González Martínez Street in the Colonia Santa María la Ribera, a neighborhood of Mexico City. The streets of Colonia Santa María la Ribera were originally named after trees and flowers. Fittingly, Doctor Enrique González Martínez Street was previously named Poplar ("chopo") Street.
The building was designed by Bruno Möhring as a pavilion for a 1902 art and textile exhibition in Düsseldorf, Germany. It was manufactured in Oberhausen by Gutehoffnungshütte. After the exhibition fair was over, three of the building's four halls were purchased by José Landero y Coss for the establishment of the Compañía Mexicana de Exposición Permanente, shipped to Mexico, and reassembled between 1903 and 1905 at the Colonia Santa María la Ribera site, under the auspices of the engineers Hugo Dorner Bacmeister and Aurelio Luis Ruelas.
In 1905, Landero y Coss' company went bankrupt and in 1909, a lease was signed with the then Department of Public Instruction and Fine Arts, to allocate the building to the National Museum of Natural History. In the following year, the building was used to house the Japanese Pavilion at the Universal Exhibition of Mexico, which was held as part of Mexico's celebrations of the centenary of Independence. It was at this time when the building was known as the Crystal Palace, due to its steel beams, columns, and windows, which resembled the 1851 structure in London, There is no record of any other activity carried on the premises until the December 1, 1913, when it opened as the National Museum of Natural History, whose founding collection came from the collection of Culture Museum, located in the City Centre, with sections in Botany, Zoology, Biology, Mineralogy and Geology. In 1926, the widow of Andrew Carnegie donated a Jurassic dinosaur, Diplodocus, to the museum, which defined the identity of the museum for decades.
In 1964, the museum was closed and the collections were transferred to other museums and university departments. After being abandoned for close to ten years, in 1973 UNAM began to rehabilitate the space; on 25 November 1975, the Chopo Museum was inaugurated. From 2004–2010, an update, expansion and renovation of the museum was done by UNAM and the architecture firm TEN Arquitectos.
Architecture and fittings
The original iron and glass building is in the Jugendstil-style. It measures 1,500 square metres (16,000 sq ft) in size with towers which rise 47 metres (154 ft). The varnished roof is of natural pine; it is treated with synthetic rubber for waterproofing.
- Dirección General de Planeación, Secretaría Técnica del Consejo de Planeación (2004). Memoria 2003 (in Spanish). UNAM. pp. 841–. ISBN 978-970-32-1816-5.
- Broome, Beth (2011). "Chopo Museum: Mexico City". Architectural Record. 199: 70–75.
- Rodriguez Caso, Juan Manuel (24 August 2010). "Museo Universitario del Chopo (Chopo University Museum), Mexico City". Retrieved 27 May 2013.
- Romero, Héctor Manuel (1994). Enciclopedia temática de la Delegación Cuauhtémoc (in Spanish). Ciudad de México, DDF. p. 232.
- "Historia del museo". chopo.unam.mx (in Spanish). Retrieved May 28, 2013.
- "Museo Universitario del Chopo". ciudadmexico.com.mx. Retrieved 30 May 2013.
- "Chopo Museum". arcspace.com. April 6, 2009. Retrieved 27 May 2013.
- Urrutia, Elena (1975). Museo Universitario del Chopo (in Spanish). Dirección General de Difusión Cultural, Departamento de Museos y Galerías, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. p. 1916.
- Webb, Michael (July 2010). "Chopo Museum by TEN Arquitectos, Mexico City, Mexico". The Architectural Review. Retrieved 27 May 2013.
- "Directorio del Museo". Retrieved May 29, 2013.
- Museo Universitario del Chopo. Museo Universitario del Chopo, 1973–1988. México, D.F.: Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Coordinación de Difusión Cultural: Ediciones Toledo, 1988. ISBN 9789683606112 (in Spanish)
- Manuel Andrade, ed (2011). El Chopo año por año, 1975-2010. Coordinación de Difusión Cultural UNAM. ISBN 978-607-02-2727-1. (in Spanish)
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