It is caused by many different diseases and agents. It is a symptom of several diseases, including Lesch–Nyhan syndrome, phenylketonuria, and Huntington disease and can be a feature of kernicterus (rapidly increasing unconjugated billirubin that cross the blood-brain-barrier in infants).
Choreoathetosis is also a common presentation of dyskinesia as a side effect of levodopa-carbidopa in the treatment of Parkinson disease.
- "28". Basic and Clinical Pharmacology (Eleventh ed.). McGraw Hill Medical. July 2009. p. 473. ISBN 978-0-07-160405-5.
- Deik, A; Saunders-Pullman, R; Luciano, MS (September 2012). "Substance of abuse and movement disorders: complex interactions and comorbidities". Current Drug Abuse Reviews. 5 (3): 243–53. doi:10.2174/1874473711205030243. PMC 3966544. PMID 23030352.
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