Chorley (UK Parliament constituency)
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Chorley in Lancashire
Location of Lancashire within England
|Population||94,932 (2011 census)|
|Electorate||75,938 (December 2018)|
|Member of Parliament||Lindsay Hoyle (Speaker)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||North Lancashire|
Chorley is a constituency[n 1][n 2] in Lancashire represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 1997 by Lindsay Hoyle. Hoyle was originally elected for the Labour Party, but in 2019 became the Speaker, making him unaffiliated.
Chorley constituency consists of the majority of the borough of Chorley. As well as the central market town of Chorley itself, the seat extends into southern Lancashire rural hinterland with three major villages and minor villages.
1885–1918: The Sessional Division of Leyland Hundred, and part of the Sessional Division of Leyland.
1918–1950: The Municipal Borough of Chorley, the Urban Districts of Adlington, Croston, Leyland, and Withnell, the Rural District of Chorley, and in the Rural District of Wigan the civil parishes of Haigh, Parbold, Worthington, and Wrightington.
1950–1955: The Municipal Borough of Chorley, the Urban Districts of Adlington and Leyland, and the Rural District of Chorley.
1955–1983: The Municipal Borough of Chorley, the Urban Districts of Adlington, Leyland and Withnell, and the Rural District of Chorley.
1983–1997: The Borough of Chorley, and the District of West Lancashire wards of Parbold and Wrightington.
1997–2010: The Borough of Chorley.
2010–present: The Borough of Chorley wards of Adlington and Anderton, Astley and Buckshaw, Brindle and Hoghton, Chisnall, Chorley East, Chorley North East, Chorley North West, Chorley South East, Chorley South West, Clayton-le-Woods and Whittle-le-Woods, Clayton-le-Woods North, Clayton-le-Woods West and Cuerden, Coppull, Euxton North, Euxton South, Heath Charnock and Rivington, Pennine, and Wheelton and Withnell.
Following their review of parliamentary representation in Lancashire leading up to the 2010 United Kingdom general election the Boundary Commission for England created a new seat of Wyre and Preston North in the central part of the county, which caused "knock-on" effects elsewhere. Chorley constituency was one of the largest in electorate at the start of the review, which was a factor in the alterations to both its own composition and the changes to surrounding constituencies. These changes took away from the seat all the areas to the west of the M6 motorway, namely Croston, Eccleston, Bretherton and Mawdesley. These move to South Ribble.
Since the 1945 general election Chorley has proved to be a bellwether, changing hands between Labour and the Conservatives; however, this pattern was broken in 2010 when Labour MP Lindsay Hoyle retained the seat against the national trend. Chorley itself is Labour's strongest seat in the area, with the rural hinterland and smaller towns and villages more inclined to vote Conservative.
Members of Parliament
Lindsay Hoyle has been MP for Chorley since 1997 as a member of the Labour Party. In November 2019 Hoyle was elected as Speaker of the House of Commons following the resignation of John Bercow; Sir Lindsay had been Deputy Speaker of the House of Commons under Bercow since 2010.
There is an inconsistently followed convention, which is mostly kept by the major parties, not to oppose the Speaker at elections. In keeping with this, the previously announced Liberal Democrat candidate, Paul Valentine, subsequently withdrew from the general election once Sir Lindsay was appointed Speaker. However the Green Party candidate, James Melling, confirmed that he will stand against the incumbent Speaker.
Elections in the 2010s
The Liberal Democrats, the Conservatives, and Labour traditionally do not stand against the sitting Speaker of the House of Commons, and consequently did not oppose Lindsay Hoyle's re-election bid. The Brexit Party did not stand an official candidate, however their former candidate stood as an independent, having changed his ballot name to Mark Brexit-Smith. The Green Party do not follow the convention of standing aside for the Speaker, and also fielded a candidate in the election.
|Liberal Democrats||Stephen Fenn||1,126||2.0||−0.6|
|Liberal Democrats||Stephen Fenn||1,354||2.6||−11.4|
|Liberal Democrats||Stephen Fenn||6,957||14.0|
|Independent||Christopher P. Curtis||359||0.7||New|
|Labour win (new boundaries)|
Elections in the 2000s
|Liberal Democrats||Alexander Wilson-Fletcher||6,932||14.0||+2.8|
|Liberal Democrats||Stephen Fenn||5,372||11.2||+2.7|
Elections in the 1990s
|Liberal Democrats||Simon Jones||4,900||8.5|
|Natural Law||Peter Leadbetter||143||0.2|
|Labour win (new boundaries)|
|Liberal Democrats||Janet Ross-Mills||7,452||11.5||−4.6|
|Natural Law||Peter Leadbetter||402||0.6||New|
Elections in the 1980s
|Conservative win (new boundaries)|
Elections in the 1970s
|National Front||Michael John Dean||379||0.6||New|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing||+4.1|
|More Prosperous Britain||Harold Smith||185||0.3||New|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing||+1.8|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing||+6.3|
Elections in the 1960s
Elections in the 1950s
|Liberal||Florence Emilie Adams||2,706||5.5||New|
|Labour win (new boundaries)|
Elections in the 1940s
|Conservative||Robert Hamilton Brown||21,595||46.8||−8.5|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing||+10.2|
Elections in the 1930s
|Ind. Labour Party||Bob Edwards||1,365||3.3||New|
Elections in the 1920s
Elections in the 1910s
|Unionist win (new boundaries)|
General Election 1914/15: Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;
|Liberal||John Peter Todd Jackson||5,606||42.5||+2.8|
|Liberal||John Peter Todd Jackson||4,887||39.7||−2.0|
Elections in the 1900s
Elections in the 1890s
Elections in the 1880s
|Conservative win (new seat)|
Notes and references
- "Chorley: Usual Resident Population, 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 23 February 2015.
- England Parliamentary electorates Boundary Commission for England
- "Twitter". mobile.twitter.com.
- "James Melling for Chorley". www.facebook.com.
- "Chorley 1885–". Hansard 1803–2005. UK Parliament. Retrieved 2 February 2015.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "C" (part 4)
- "'As a main party we believe in upholding traditions': Why Chorley's Liberal Democrats general election candidate will not oppose Lindsay Hoyle on December 12". www.lep.co.uk. Retrieved 2019-11-12.
- "General Election 2019: Former Chorley Brexit Party candidate to stand against Lindsay Hoyle as an Independent". www.lep.co.uk. Retrieved 2019-11-12.
- "Prospective General Election Candidates". Green Party. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
- "Chorley Parliamentary constituency". BBC News. BBC. Retrieved 25 November 2019.
- "Chorley parliamentary constituency". BBC News.
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Chorley". BBC News. Retrieved 10 May 2015.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "BBC News | Election 2010 | Constituency | Chorley". news.bbc.co.uk.
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "UK General Election results April 1992". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Archived from the original on 11 August 2011. Retrieved 2010-12-06.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1918–1949, FWS Craig
- Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser 11 May 1914
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, FWS Craig
- Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916
- The Liberal Year Book, 1907
- Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
- Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1886
- nomis Constituency Profile for Chorley — presenting data from the ONS annual population survey and other official statistics.
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
| Constituency represented by the Speaker