Chos Malal

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Chos Malal
Chos Malal is located in Argentina
Chos Malal
Chos Malal
Location in Argentina
Coordinates: 37°23′S 70°16′W / 37.383°S 70.267°W / -37.383; -70.267Coordinates: 37°23′S 70°16′W / 37.383°S 70.267°W / -37.383; -70.267
Country  Argentina
Province Neuquén Province
Department Chos Malal Department
Founded 4 August 1887
Government
 • Mayor Rolando Figueroa
Elevation 974 m (3,196 ft)
Population (2010 census [INDEC])
 • Total 13,092
CPA Base Q 8353
Area code(s) +54 02948
Climate BSk
Website Chos Malal Municipality

Chos Malal is the capital city of the Chos Malal Department in Neuquén Province, Argentina.

History[edit]

Chos Malal was founded on 4 August 1887 by Colonel José Olascoaga. It developed as a control point for policing the movement of cattle with a view to the suppression of cattle raiding.

The city was the capital of the Territorio del Neuquén until 1904 when the capital and administrative buildings were moved to Neuquén, capital city of the Confluencia Department, the arrival there of the railway having provided an economic boost which helped the city of Neuquén to grow very rapidly.

Toponymy[edit]

The name Chos Malal derives from Mapuche words meaning "yellow corral" – from the distinctively yellow colour of the sedimentary flagstone rock that predominates in the hills surrounding the city.

Geography[edit]

Chos Malal is located between the Neuquén River and Curi Leuvú river in the Cordillera del Viento. It is surrounded by conifer forests, mostly of Araucaria trees.

Climate[edit]

Chos Malal has a semi-arid climate (Köppen BSk), with cold winters and hot summers; during the winter there are regular snow storms.

Climate data for Chos Malal (1901–1960)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 40.6
(105.1)
40.6
(105.1)
37.8
(100)
34.2
(93.6)
30.6
(87.1)
25.5
(77.9)
25.1
(77.2)
29.0
(84.2)
33.9
(93)
33.4
(92.1)
37.5
(99.5)
39.6
(103.3)
40.6
(105.1)
Average high °C (°F) 31.1
(88)
30.3
(86.5)
27.4
(81.3)
22.1
(71.8)
17.0
(62.6)
13.2
(55.8)
12.8
(55)
15.0
(59)
18.2
(64.8)
22.8
(73)
26.5
(79.7)
29.2
(84.6)
22.1
(71.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) 21.3
(70.3)
20.2
(68.4)
17.1
(62.8)
12.6
(54.7)
9.6
(49.3)
6.6
(43.9)
6.1
(43)
7.4
(45.3)
9.7
(49.5)
13.7
(56.7)
17.3
(63.1)
20.0
(68)
13.5
(56.3)
Average low °C (°F) 12.4
(54.3)
11.1
(52)
8.3
(46.9)
4.7
(40.5)
3.4
(38.1)
1.3
(34.3)
0.4
(32.7)
0.9
(33.6)
2.8
(37)
5.6
(42.1)
8.7
(47.7)
10.6
(51.1)
5.9
(42.6)
Record low °C (°F) −1.9
(28.6)
2.0
(35.6)
−3.0
(26.6)
−9.1
(15.6)
−10.6
(12.9)
−12.5
(9.5)
−13.9
(7)
−9.6
(14.7)
−9.1
(15.6)
−4.5
(23.9)
−4.2
(24.4)
−0.6
(30.9)
−13.9
(7)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 10.0
(0.394)
10.3
(0.406)
11.0
(0.433)
17.1
(0.673)
42.2
(1.661)
36.3
(1.429)
32.6
(1.283)
30.2
(1.189)
14.6
(0.575)
13.0
(0.512)
10.4
(0.409)
9.4
(0.37)
237.1
(9.335)
Average relative humidity (%) 40.7 44.0 32.3 53.0 58.7 62.3 61.3 57.0 51.0 44.3 41.0 39.0 48.7
Source: Secretaria de Mineria[1]

Culture[edit]

The Jose Olascoaga historical museum located in the city has exhibits of many historical pieces of the Conquest of the Desert such as documents, soldier's equipment and Mapuche objects.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Provincia de Neuquen - Clima Y Meteorologia: Datos Meteorologicos Y Pluviometicos" (in Spanish). Secretaria de Mineria de la Nacion (Argentina). Archived from the original on April 2, 2012. Retrieved February 8, 2014.