Chott Ech Chergui

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Chott Ech Chergui
شط الشرقي
Chott Ech Chergui NASA.jpg
from space
Chott Ech Chergui is located in Algeria
Chott Ech Chergui
Chott Ech Chergui
Chott ach-Chargui in Algeria
Coordinates 34°21′N 0°30′E / 34.35°N 0.5°E / 34.35; 0.5Coordinates: 34°21′N 0°30′E / 34.35°N 0.5°E / 34.35; 0.5
Type Endorheic salt lake
Basin countries Algeria
Max. length 160 km (99 mi)
Max. width 24 km (15 mi)
Surface area 2,000 km2 (770 sq mi)
Surface elevation 1,027 m (3,369 ft) above sea level

Chott Ech Chergui (Arabic: شط الشرقي‎‎) is a large endorheic salt lake in Saïda Province, northwestern Algeria.[1] It is located at 34°21′N 0°30′E / 34.35°N 0.5°E / 34.35; 0.5 in the level terrain of the Hautes Plaines region between the Tell Atlas and the Saharan Atlas and is one of the largest lakes in Algeria.

Ecology[edit]

The Chott Ech Chergui has an area of about 2000 km² where water collects during the wet season, forming a number of large shallow salt lakes which become salt flats as they dry. The lake area has a length of about 160 km from ENE to WSW and lies at an average elevation of 1000 m.[2]

Chott Ech Chergui has been designated a Ramsar wetland of international importance. The Ramsar site has an area of 8555 km² and is the natural environment for a number of threatened and vulnerable animal and plant species.[3]

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