Chott Ech Chergui

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Chott Ech Chergui
شط الشرقي
Chott Ech Chergui NASA.jpg
from space
Chott Ech Chergui is located in Algeria
Chott Ech Chergui
Chott Ech Chergui
Chott ach-Chargui in Algeria
Coordinates 34°21′N 0°30′E / 34.35°N 0.5°E / 34.35; 0.5Coordinates: 34°21′N 0°30′E / 34.35°N 0.5°E / 34.35; 0.5
Type Endorheic salt lake
Basin countries Algeria
Max. length 160 km (99 mi)
Max. width 24 km (15 mi)
Surface area 2,000 km2 (770 sq mi)
Surface elevation 1,027 m (3,369 ft) above sea level

Chott Ech Chergui (Arabic: شط الشرقي‎‎) is a large endorheic salt lake in Saïda Province, northwestern Algeria.[1] It is located at 34°21′N 0°30′E / 34.35°N 0.5°E / 34.35; 0.5 in the level terrain of the Hautes Plaines region between the Tell Atlas and the Saharan Atlas and is one of the largest lakes in Algeria.


The Chott Ech Chergui has an area of about 2000 km² where water collects during the wet season, forming a number of large shallow salt lakes which become salt flats as they dry. The lake area has a length of about 160 km from ENE to WSW and lies at an average elevation of 1000 m.[2]

Chott Ech Chergui has been designated a Ramsar wetland of international importance. The Ramsar site has an area of 8555 km² and is the natural environment for a number of threatened and vulnerable animal and plant species.[3]

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