Chouteau County, Montana

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Chouteau County, Montana
Choteau County Courthouse.JPG
Chouteau County Courthouse in Fort Benton
Map of Montana highlighting Chouteau County
Location in the U.S. state of Montana
Map of the United States highlighting Montana
Montana's location in the U.S.
Founded 1865
Named for Pierre Chouteau, Jr.
Seat Fort Benton
Largest city Fort Benton
Area
 • Total 3,997 sq mi (10,352 km2)
 • Land 3,972 sq mi (10,287 km2)
 • Water 24 sq mi (62 km2), 0.6%
Population (est.)
 • (2015) 5,767
 • Density 1.5/sq mi (0.6/km2)
Congressional district At-large
Time zone Mountain: UTC−7/−6
Website www.co.chouteau.mt.us

Chouteau County is a county located in the North-Central region of the U.S. state of Montana. As of the 2010 census, the population was 5,813.[1] Its county seat is Fort Benton.[2] The county was established in 1865 as one of the original nine counties of Montana, and named in 1882 after Pierre Chouteau, Jr., a fur trader who established a trading post that became Fort Benton, which was once an important port on the Missouri River.

Chouteau County is home to the Chippewa-Cree tribe on the Rocky Boy Indian Reservation. It contains part of the Lewis and Clark National Forest.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 3,997 square miles (10,350 km2), of which 3,972 square miles (10,290 km2) is land and 24 square miles (62 km2) (0.6%) is water.[3]

Chouteau County was once the largest county in the Montana Territory and the second largest in the United States, with an area of 15,439 square miles (39,990 km2) in the early 20th century. However, some parts of the county were over 250 miles (400 km) from Fort Benton, and in 1893, the first of several divisions began with the creation of Teton County, the western portion of Chouteau County.

Chouteau County lost half of its population from 1910 to 1930.

The land is mostly prairie. The Bear Paw Mountains rise in the eastern section and the Little Rockies and the Highwood ranges are in the southern portion. Major rivers include the Teton River, Marias River, Missouri River and the Arrow River.

Adjacent counties[edit]

Major highway[edit]

National protected areas[edit]

Politics[edit]

Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results[4]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 64.5% 1,679 28.1% 732 7.4% 192
2012 62.3% 1,758 34.7% 978 3.0% 85
2008 57.1% 1,634 39.2% 1,122 3.7% 105
2004 65.5% 1,913 32.4% 946 2.1% 62
2000 70.7% 2,039 23.8% 686 5.5% 160
1996 52.6% 1,660 32.9% 1,039 14.5% 458
1992 42.7% 1,380 29.6% 959 27.7% 897
1988 61.5% 1,980 36.2% 1,166 2.3% 73
1984 72.2% 2,425 26.7% 896 1.2% 39
1980 68.3% 2,448 23.8% 853 7.9% 282
1976 52.4% 1,814 45.3% 1,568 2.4% 83
1972 59.6% 2,027 33.8% 1,149 6.6% 223
1968 53.7% 1,695 38.5% 1,216 7.9% 248
1964 44.1% 1,444 55.8% 1,827 0.2% 5
1960 49.3% 1,672 50.4% 1,708 0.3% 9
1956 49.0% 1,721 51.0% 1,794 0.0% 0
1952 59.4% 2,098 40.3% 1,423 0.4% 14
1948 37.6% 1,181 58.4% 1,832 4.0% 125
1944 38.7% 1,220 60.5% 1,906 0.9% 27
1940 35.5% 1,235 63.7% 2,213 0.8% 27
1936 24.0% 878 74.8% 2,734 1.2% 45
1932 35.4% 1,232 60.2% 2,093 4.4% 152
1928 59.1% 1,837 39.7% 1,232 1.2% 37
1924 46.2% 1,347 24.2% 706 29.7% 866
1920 60.9% 2,646 33.0% 1,436 6.1% 266
1916 33.6% 1,486 62.0% 2,738 4.4% 196
1912 41.4% 561 29.7% 402 28.9% 391
1908 54.7% 1,220 40.1% 893 5.2% 116
1904 70.6% 1,517 26.4% 568 2.9% 63

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870517
18803,068493.4%
18904,74154.5%
190010,966131.3%
191017,19156.8%
192011,051−35.7%
19308,635−21.9%
19407,316−15.3%
19506,974−4.7%
19607,3485.4%
19706,473−11.9%
19806,092−5.9%
19905,452−10.5%
20005,9709.5%
20105,813−2.6%
Est. 20165,759[5]−0.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790–1960[7] 1900–1990[8]
1990–2000[9] 2010–2015[1]

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 5,970 people, 2,226 households, and 1,613 families residing in the county. The population density was 2 people per square mile (1/km²). There were 2,776 housing units at an average density of <1/km² (1/sq mi). The racial makeup of the county was 84.00% White, 0.08% Black or African American, 14.62% Native American, 0.23% Asian, 0.10% Pacific Islander, 0.23% from other races, and 0.72% from two or more races. 0.67% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 23.9% were of German, 11.7% Norwegian, 8.2% English and 7.3% Irish ancestry. 96.0% spoke English, 2.5% Cree and 1.0% Spanish as their first language.

There were 2,226 households out of which 34.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.90% were married couples living together, 8.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.50% were non-families. 24.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.11.

In the county, the population was spread out with 28.80% under the age of 18, 6.50% from 18 to 24, 24.10% from 25 to 44, 23.10% from 45 to 64, and 17.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 100.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $29,150, and the median income for a family was $32,399. Males had a median income of $22,080 versus $19,318 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,851. About 16.50% of families and 20.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.30% of those under age 18 and 8.40% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 5,813 people, 2,294 households, and 1,560 families residing in the county.[11] The population density was 1.5 inhabitants per square mile (0.58/km2). There were 2,879 housing units at an average density of 0.7 per square mile (0.27/km2).[12] The racial makeup of the county was 75.8% white, 21.8% American Indian, 0.4% Asian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 0.1% black or African American, 0.3% from other races, and 1.6% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.6% of the population.[11] In terms of ancestry, 27.6% were German, 13.0% were Irish, 11.2% were English, 9.8% were Norwegian, and 2.0% were American.[13]

Of the 2,294 households, 31.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.3% were married couples living together, 10.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.0% were non-families, and 29.1% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.04. The median age was 41.5 years.[11]

The median income for a household in the county was $41,064 and the median income for a family was $50,201. Males had a median income of $33,866 versus $25,077 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,202. About 14.8% of families and 21.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 33.6% of those under age 18 and 6.2% of those age 65 or over.[14]

Economy[edit]

Chouteau County is the largest winter wheat producer for the state of Montana.[15] They are located in the heart of the "Golden Triangle", an area which produces about 45% of Montana's wheat crop each year.[16]

Communities[edit]

Square Butte

City[edit]

Towns[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 14, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2015-05-10. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on December 5, 2014. Retrieved November 27, 2014. 
  4. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-04-02. 
  5. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved November 27, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved November 27, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 27, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 27, 2014. 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  11. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-09. 
  12. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 – County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-09. 
  13. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006–2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-09. 
  14. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006–2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-09. 
  15. ^ Merrill, Andrea; Judy Jacobson (1997). Montana almanac. Helena, Montana: Falcon Publishing. ISBN 1-56044-493-2. 
  16. ^ Wheat and Barley Committee. "The basics of wheat – and more!". Archived from the original on 21 July 2011. Retrieved 23 July 2011. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 47°53′N 110°26′W / 47.88°N 110.44°W / 47.88; -110.44