Choux de Créteil
Les Choux de Créteil is a grouping of ten cylindrical buildings, each 15 stories in height, in the Paris suburb of Créteil. The project is known as Les Choux (the cabbages), due to the unusual shape of their balconies. They are housing blocks with a difference. The buildings were designed by architect Gérard Grandval, and were completed in 1974.
The project was recognized as a "Heritage of the 20th Century" by the French Ministry of Culture (16 December 2008); at the time the work was regarded as a symbol of 1970s French architecture.
The buildings' unique shape is intended to be functional; the apartments' living spaces are closer to the windows, and the 2-meter-tall balconies provide outdoor access and privacy at the same time. The round balconies were intended to evoke gardens and seasons.
The project was initiated in 1966, in an area which had been used for a century to produce much of the vegetables for Parisian tables. This fact was undoubtedly on the architect's mind as he envisioned his structures.
In 1998 the municipality opted to upgrade the area. The central sprout, largely dedicated to families of precarious means, was rebuilt. To encourage social intermixing, the leaders dedicated a fourth of the apartments to students.
Les Choux de Créteil played an integral role in the 2009 French film Tellement proches (So Close).
- "These Towers Have Marked the Spirits". Le Parisien (3 August 2009). Retrieved 16 September 2016.
- Isabelle Rey (November 1998). "À Créteil, les Choux tiennent le coup". Les Échos. p. 54. Retrieved 16 September 2016.
- Interview with the architect Gérard Grandval, Métropolitains, 18 February 2010, with François Chaslin, on France Culture.
- How Utopian Living Looked to Modernist Architects atlas obscura, 16 September 2016
- "40 years at Les Choux". Le Parisien. 3 August 2009.
- Alexis Vibert-Guigue, Au temps des chemins de grue - Chronique des années de béton, 1953-1993 (Paris 1993). Chapter: Un pavé dans la marre : Les choux de Créteil; pp. 147–156