Chowder (TV series)

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Chowder
Chowder logo.png
Genre
Created byC. H. Greenblatt
Creative directorWilliam Reiss
Voices of
Theme music composer
  • C.H. Greenblatt
  • Dan Boer
  • Zac Pike
Composers
  • Dan Boer
  • Zac Pike
Country of originUnited States
Original languageEnglish
No. of seasons3
No. of episodes49 (93 segments) (list of episodes)
Production
Executive producerC. H. Greenblatt
ProducerLouis J. Cuck
Running time22 minutes
Production companyCartoon Network Studios
DistributorWarner Bros. Television Distribution
Release
Original networkCartoon Network
Original releaseNovember 2, 2007 (2007-11-02) –
August 7, 2010 (2010-08-07)
External links
Website

Chowder is an American animated television series created by C. H. Greenblatt for Cartoon Network. The series premiered in the United States on November 2, 2007.[2] The series follows an aspiring young boy named Chowder and his day-to-day adventures as an apprentice in Chef Mung Daal's catering company. Although he means well, Chowder often finds himself in predicaments due to his perpetual appetite and his nature as a scatterbrain.

Chowder ran for three seasons with a total of 49 episodes. It received mostly positive reviews, as well as one Primetime Emmy Award win, six Annie Award nominations, and two additional Emmy Award nominations during its run. The series finale, "Chowder Grows Up", aired on August 7, 2010.

Plot[edit]

The series plot revolves around the titular character Chowder, an aspiring young cook in Chef Mung Daal's catering company. Though he is lighthearted and carefree, Chowder's actions habitually land him in circumstances out of his control, partly due to his hunger and absent-mindedness. His caregivers, Mung and Truffles Daal, as well as Shnitzel, a rock monster who works for Mung, and Kimchi, Chowder's gaseous pet, try to aide Chowder in his ambitions to become a great chef, but they frequently find themselves undermined by the calamitous antics that ensue. Chowder is also undermined by Panini, a girl who has an unrequited love for Chowder, going so far as to say that he is her boyfriend despite the pair not dating.

Episodes[edit]

SeasonSegmentsEpisodesOriginally aired
First airedLast aired
13820November 2, 2007 (2007-11-02)July 24, 2008 (2008-07-24)
23820October 2, 2008 (2008-10-02)October 11, 2009 (2009-10-11)
3179October 29, 2009 (2009-10-29)August 7, 2010 (2010-08-07)

A total of 49 episodes were aired in the series. Season 1, which consists of 20 episodes, started with the series premiere, entitled "Burple Nurples/Shnitzel Makes a Deposit", and ended with the special "The Apprentice Games". Season 2 also contains 20 episodes, debuting with "The Arborians/The Garage Sale", and ending with "A Faire to Remember/Tofu-Town Showdown". Season 3 consists of only 9 episodes, premiering with "The Blast Raz", and ending with the series finale, entitled "Chowder Grows Up".

Characters[edit]

Each character is named after a type of food or dish.

Main[edit]

  • Chowder (voiced by Nicky Jones): A 12-year-old chubby purple cat/bear/rabbit[3] hybrid who serves as an apprentice under the chef Mung Daal, Chowder lives with Mung Daal and his wife, Truffles, in a room at the top of the catering business. Chowder wants to become a great chef, but he is very impulsive and scatterbrained and often gives in to his urges. He is always hungry and eats anything, even a customer's order. Chowder can also regurgitate objects, and he is used as a storage container by the other characters. According to Greenblatt, he is a composite of a cat, a bear, and a rabbit, and his species was verified in at least one episode.[4] C. H. Greenblatt voiced his adult self in the last episode. In the final episode, “Chowder Grows Up” Chowder takes over the Catering Company, has his own apprentice, and marries Panini. He is also a father to 50 babies.
  • Mung Daal (voiced by Dwight Schultz): The elderly chef who runs the catering company at which Chowder works.[5] He serves as Chowder’s cooking master. Although his exact age has not been stated, he has mentioned that he has cooked for at least 386 years,[6] and he celebrated 450 years of marriage to Truffles (see below). He likes to impress ladies, to the point where as a child apprentice, he prepared a dish incorrectly due to becoming distracted, which he and Chowder had to time travel to fix.[7] He is a light blue-colored humanoid with an oversized nose and ears and is named after the Indian dish mung daal. Greenblatt had originally planned to give Mung an Indian accent, but later decided against it.[8] In the final episode, Mung is now retired with Truffles, leaving the catering company to Chowder.
  • Shnitzel (voiced by Kevin Michael Richardson in "The Froggy Apple Crumple Thumpkin", and John DiMaggio afterward): A 38-year-old taupe rock monster and professional chef who works at Mung Daal's Catering Company. His vocabulary consists almost entirely of "radda", while it's translated as "okay", although he sometimes says other simple words.[9] He talks in the episode "The Trouble with Truffles" because he finally gets calm enough. Shnitzel is the "straight man" to the other more excitable characters and is frequently agitated. He gets stuck with menial labor or cleanup duty, as well as the heavy lifting because he is extremely strong. Although usually angered by Chowder's antics, Shnitzel really has a soft spot for Chowder, as he cries when it was thought that Chowder has vanished forever.[9][10] Kevin Michael Richardson voiced Shnitzel for the debut episode "The Froggy Apple Crumple Thumpkin" and was replaced at the last moment by DiMaggio due to Richardson being busy with other projects at the time.[9] In the final episode, Shnitzel has left the catering company and lives a happy life with his wife, Endive.
  • Truffles Daal (voiced by Tara Strong): A mushroom pixie/fairy and Mung Daal's wife who handles the business side of Mung's catering business. She is an extreme choleric. Greenblatt said that he based Truffles on his mother.[11] Greenblatt said that he initially found difficulty in working on any story with Truffles since the character could be "so abrasive" that the Chowder staff had to be "a little more sensitive about finding her softer side." Greenblatt said that the staff eventually decided that "a little Truffles goes a long way." Therefore, she would appear occasionally in Chowder in a manner similar to how Oscar the Grouch appears on Sesame Street.[12][13] In the final episode, Truffles retired along with Mung, possibly giving her job to Panini.
  • Kimchi (voiced by C. H. Greenblatt): Chowder's pet, who lives in a cage next to his bed. Kimchi is an anthropomorphic flatulence cloud (due to the odor of kimchi). He likes things with odors unpleasant for the other characters, and he "talks" by making flatulent sounds. Kimchi was first seen in the episode "The Froggy Apple Crumple Thumpkin". Kimchi is usually shown with a blank personality but in "Stinky Love" it is shown that he has an opinion.[14] What happens to Kimchi in the final episode is unknown, but it’s possible that he still lives with Chowder.
  • Gazpacho (voiced by Dana Snyder): A woolly mammoth storekeeper who sells strange produce and ingredients at the farmer's market. He does his best to offer advice to Chowder when needed. He lives with his overbearing mother, who never appears on the screen, but is present at the end of the episode "Gazpacho!". In "The Spookiest House in Marzipan" it is hinted at that Gazpacho has no mother, and that he actually suffers with dissociative identity disorder, but creator Greenblatt says this was merely to "pay homage to Psycho". Gazpacho shows no interest in moving out and improving his own life. Gazpacho's worst enemies are ninjas. Greenblatt named him after the cold soup gazpacho; Greenblatt said that he did not know why, but the name suited the character immediately.[8] In the final episode, Gazpacho closed the stand and became a nomad. He later pursued his dream and open a Comedy Night Club.
  • Panini (voiced by Liliana Mumy): A 12-year-old pink cabbit who has a crush on Chowder and reminds him at every opportunity. Chowder does not return the feelings and responds with "I'm not your boyfriend!" whenever she greets him. Panini is an apprentice to Ms. Endive and is also possessive of Chowder. Panini gets jealous when she sees Chowder with another girl, which Chowder really does to avoid her. Her original character concept had her bully Chowder in a manner described by Greenblatt as similar to Angelica Pickles from Rugrats.[15] Greenblatt removed the pointy ears since he felt this did not fit in with the rounded shapes in Chowder. Greenblatt did not like characters similar to Angelica and believed that he needed to make Panini "cuter and sweeter".[15] Greenblatt said that the details of Panini formed when the creator decided that Panini had a crush on Chowder; since Chowder is not old enough to fall in love with females, according to Greenblatt this aspect would frustrate Chowder "in a more fun way".[15] In the last episode, it is shown that Chowder finally returned Panini's feelings and accepted her because he realizes that he made Panini's life miserable and they are married with many kids and was voiced by Grey DeLisle. Panini's name literally means "sandwiches" in Italian, while her former name, Borlotti, is a type of beans. In the final episode Panini married Chowder, and is currently a mother of 50, after which she promised Chowder to stop having more. It’s also likely that she took over Truffle's old job.
  • Gorgonzola (voiced by Will Shadley): A young green opossum apprentice candle holder with an unlikeable attitude. He shows jealousy to Chowder because Chowder has a better job than him.[16] He will occasionally use Chowder, and if forced, will partner with him in games. Since blue cheese was one of the few foods Greenblatt disliked, he decided to use the name "gorgonzola" for a character who did not get along with Chowder. Gorgonzola wears tattered brown clothes and no shoes and has a partially melted candle on his head (for traditional reasons). He is desperate to get cash and will do almost anything to get it. Gorgonzola also loves to play Sniffleball, as seen in the episode Sniffleball. Despite his unpleasant and boastful attitude to Chowder, Chowder sees him as a close friend, which irritates him even more. Gorgonzola is an apprentice to Stilton, who is a candle holder, hence why both characters have burning candles on their heads.[8] In the final episode, Gorgonzola runs a very successful company, most likely involving candle holding.
  • Ms. Endive (voiced by Mindy Sterling): An intelligent, and snobbish carrot/anteater/elephant hybrid who teaches cooking to Panini with strict discipline. She is usually depicted as gargantuan in size. This is shown in the episode "The Apprentice Games" where Mung Daal and Chowder enter the games by riding on Endive's posterior. She regularly berates Mung Daal, whom she considers a rival. In the episode "Chowder's Girlfriend", it is revealed she despises boys and boyfriends because her fiancé did not show up on their wedding day. Ms. Endive is first seen in the second episode with Panini, "Chowder's Girlfriend". The creator describes her as Martha Stewart with Oompa-Loompa colors.[17] Greenblatt chose to name her after the endive since endive is bitter and Belgian endive is fancy; hence the character is bitter and fancy.[8] Endive's character stayed constant throughout the initial development. The long nose, which changed from a rectangular shape to a triangle shape for the final version, represents how Endive looks down at other characters. It was revealed in later episodes that Ms. Endive is in love with Shnitzel. Greenblatt said that he felt that her evolution throughout the series was fun to observe, especially when William Reiss wrote plots involving Endive.[15] In the final episode, Endive is living a happy life with her husband, Shnitzel.

Recurring[edit]

  • Kiwi (voiced by C. H. Greenblatt) is a photorealistic pink creature who always gives advice to Chowder and his friends and occasionally provides interstitial narrations, especially at times where particularly corny humor is displayed. His name is revealed (for the first and only time ever in the show's run) in the episode "Brain Grub", where it is known that after Chowder alters the animated universe, Kiwi is reduced to selling used cars.
  • Ceviche (voiced by Elan Garfias): A young yellow (and somewhat androgynous) goat apprentice to Paté and Panini's best friend, Ceviche was introduced in the episode "The Apprentice Games". He practices aerobic-style dancing and is very charitable and kind to others. Because of his admirable attitude and amazing talents (as well as good looks, as it was shown on one episode that he has a well-sculpted body) he is well-liked. He is good friends with Panini and will make unwanted advances upon her, which are either refused or unnoticed. Ceviche is also a close friend to Chowder and has a crush on Panini. He speaks in a monotonous voice and serves as deadpan humor for the show.
  • Paté (voiced by John DiMaggio): A tall, well-sculpted humanoid ballet dance master and operatic singer with a deep voice, grass-green hair, a small black hat, and exaggerated lips who is the mentor of Ceviche. Paté was introduced briefly on the second episode of the first show Chowder's Girlfriend (Episode #1b), where he sings "I'm Not Your Boyfriend" on stage to Panini (on behalf of Chowder) in front of an audience. His name, however, was revealed for the first time on The Apprentice Games (Episode 20), where he appeared as a judge for the Marzipan City Apprentice Games. In that same episode, it was also revealed that he lives in another dimension, as was shown by the portal through which he and Ceviche made their entrance and exit.
  • Chestnut (originally voiced by Tone Loc, then John DiMaggio): Like the food, Chestnut is small and tough. He is a tiny, blue horned imp with a deep, gravelly voice and, to many character's surprises, is physically very strong. Because of his size, he uses everyday objects as other things (e.g. using a briefcase for a hydrofoil or a hat as a vacation home). He sings small songs to himself, usually consisting of his catchphrase of "Dinka-loo, Dinka-lee." He is the teacher of the BLTs, a parody of the SATs. He always refers to himself in the third person when speaking.
  • Reuben (voiced by Paul Reubens): A pig who is a conman and steals from others.
  • Mr. Fugu (voiced by Bob Joles): A sentient floating balloon who is said to be Mung's most frequent customer. He is proven to be more greedy than Chowder and never shares any food with him. He is often seen with his valet, Foie Gras, a Maneki-neko (meows provided by George Takei) holding Mr. Fugu's string as he cannot control his flotation.
  • Sgt. Hoagie (voiced by Diedrich Bader): He is a dog who is a police officer in Marzipan City. In The Hot Date, he was going out on a date after several years and asked the other cops for advice.

Production[edit]

Development[edit]

The puppet versions of the characters Chowder (a Hand-Rod puppet) and Mung Daal

During his time working on Nickelodeon's SpongeBob SquarePants, Greenblatt had been sketching various characters for his own animation series concept.[14] Greenblatt originally based the premise on the idea of the sorcerer's apprentice style of story, such as The Sword in the Stone. The plot devices were modified so that the story revolves around a master chef who teaches his young apprentice how to cook. Chowder himself was developed with no specific species in mind, but rather with the intentions of invoking the image of a child's soft squeeze toy.[18] Some of the inspiration comes from Dr. Seuss, with other inspiration from Saturday morning cartoons.[18][19]

Greenblatt pitched the concept to Cartoon Network in the mid-2000s when he began working as a writer and storyboard artist for The Grim Adventures of Billy & Mandy, and two years later the series was approved with another year for production before the pilot episode aired. Greenblatt estimates he spent about seven years working on Chowder before the show made it to air in 2007.[14]

Format[edit]

Episodes are produced in seasons which consist of twenty 24-minute episodes. Each episode is produced with a 30-second puppet sequence that is meant to run over the ending credits.[20] Episodes can be purchased from the iTunes Store in the United States which are delivered with the sequences as are episodes which are available on Cartoon Network's VOD website also within the United States.[18][21]

One of the unusual design features of the show is the patterns used on the clothing or players. The patterns are developed as a full-screen image and then sent to the production house, where the characters are modified to fill the patterns in over the character clothing.[14][18][22] Using this technique, when a character moves, their patterns do not follow, but display as a "static" background. A similar technique was used in the Monkey Island video game series (particularly for the character Stan), the Nickelodeon series The Off-Beats, and the Mr. Bean animated series.[19]

The show is also known for the very wide variety of media used in various episodes. These include animation using watercolors and ink-and-paint in addition to the cartoon's classic pattern style. It also uses stop motion animation with real food, action figures, and clay; live-action scenes with the voice actors of the show and puppets; both marionette and hand-controlled. This was also sometimes used in Courage the Cowardly Dog. It boasts one of the most diverse varieties of mediums used in any single series.

Cancellation[edit]

Chowder was canceled by Cartoon Network in August 2009, as the network felt the show did not fit its new demographic of older boys, favoring shows such as the live-action Destroy, Build, Destroy instead.[23] On his blog, C.H. Greenblatt expressed relief about having his schedule freed up by the cancellation, saying: "I didn't really think there'd be this many upsides to having a show officially canceled by a network, but I'm feeling happier than I've been in a long time. Since we've only got post-production, my schedule finally eases up. I haven't had a break like this in a long, long time... Chowder has opened up a lot of awesome possibilities for me, and creatively I'm feeling more inspired than ever."[24]

Home media[edit]

Chowder home video releases
Season Episodes Volume Release dates Episode(s) include
United States Thailand[25]
1 2007–08 20 1 November 4, 2008[26] November 10, 2010 "The Froggy Apple Crumple Thumpkin" / "Chowder's Girlfriend" • "Grubble Gum" – "The Sing Beans" • "Mahjongg Night" – "The Flibber-Flabber Diet"
May 6, 2014
2 March 3, 2009[27] December 15, 2010 "Burple Nurples" / "Shnitzel Makes a Deposit" • "The Wrong Address" / "The Wrong Customer" • "Gazpacho Stands Up" – "Mung on the Rocks"
3 N/A January 19, 2010 "The Heavy Sleeper" – "The Rat Sandwich"
4 N/A February 15, 2011 "Chowder Loses His Hat" – "The Apprentice Games"
2 2008–09 20 5 N/A March 15, 2011 "The Arborians" – "The Catch Phrase"
6 N/A April 8, 2011 "The Hot Date" – "The Deadly Maze" • "The B.L.T.'s" – "The Dinner Theater"
7 N/A May 10, 2011 "Kid Shnitzel" / "Gazpacho Fights Back" • "Big Ball" – "The Blackout"
8 N/A June 14, 2011 "The Dice Cycle" – "The Grape Worm"
9 N/A July 26, 2011 "A Faire to Remember" – "The Birthday Suits"
3 2009–10 9
10 N/A August 24, 2011 "The Heist" – "Chowder Grows Up"

The entire series has been released in ten Region 3 fullscreen DVD volumes in Thailand from MVD Company Limited. Every episode of Chowder is also available on the iTunes Store.

Reception[edit]

Critical response[edit]

Chowder received mostly positive reviews. Barry Garron of The Hollywood Reporter thought that the show would appeal to children and adults alike, using exotic artwork, unusual settings, and a zany cast of characters.[28] On Toon Zone, Ed Liu expands on the animation and crazy antics of the characters, pointing that "the humor is kid-friendly without being juvenile" and praising it for getting laughs, "without resorting to an excess of toilet humor, even if Chowder's pet happens to be a sentient fart cloud."[29] Aaron H. Bynum on Animation Insider wrote, "Featuring brightly colored environments, stylishly matted/fixed background artwork and humorously designed characters with unique personalities to boot, Chowder is one of the network's largest creative accomplishments in recent years."[30]

Awards and nominations[edit]

Year Association Category Recipient Result
2008 Annie Awards Best Animated Television Production for Children[31] Chowder Nominated
2008 Annie Awards Writing in an Animated Television Production[31] C.H. Greenblatt and William Reiss
for "Burple Nurples"
Nominated
2008 Emmy Awards Outstanding Special Class — Short-format Animated Programs[32] C.H. Greenblatt, Brian A. Miller, et al.
for "Burple Nurples"
Nominated
2009 Annie Awards Production Design in an Animated Television Production[33] Dan Krall
for "The Heavy Sleeper"
Nominated
2009 Annie Awards Voice Acting in an Animated Television Production[33] Dwight Schultz
as Mung Daal
Nominated
2009 Emmy Awards Outstanding Individual Achievement in Animation[32] Joe Binggeli Won
2010 Annie Awards Voice Acting in a Television Production[34] Nicky Jones
as Chowder
Nominated
2010 Annie Awards Voice Acting in a Television Production[34] Dwight Schultz
as Mung Daal
Nominated
2010 Emmy Awards Outstanding Short-format Animated Program[32] Brian A. Miller, C.H. Greenblatt, et al.
for "The Toots"
Nominated

Cultural impact[edit]

In 2019, Lil Nas X made a music video of a remix of his song "Panini" and named it after the Chowder character of the same name, and later made a music video for a remix of his song featuring characters from Chowder. Although Greenblatt was not involved in the production of the music video, he did praise the video on his Tumblr blog.[35]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Chowder". Archived from the original on October 3, 2015. Retrieved April 9, 2015.
  2. ^ Perlmutter, David (2018). The Encyclopedia of American Animated Television Shows. Rowman & Littlefield. pp. 123–125. ISBN 978-1538103739.
  3. ^ "Character Facts of the Week: Chowder". March 20, 2012. Archived from the original on September 10, 2014. Chowder is a mix between a cat, bear, and rabbit.
  4. ^ "The Puckerberry Overlords". Chowder. January 18, 2008.
  5. ^ "Chowder". Cartoon Network. Archived from the original on April 29, 2013. Retrieved April 26, 2013.
  6. ^ "Certifrycation Class". Chowder. November 16, 2007.
  7. ^ "Mung on the Rocks". Chowder. March 6, 2008.
  8. ^ a b c d Greenblatt, C.H. (October 12, 2008). "Real World Food Counterparts". Nerd Armada. Archived from the original on February 1, 2009. Retrieved January 31, 2009.
  9. ^ a b c Greenblatt, C.H. (January 1, 2008). "Shnitzel FAQ". Nerd Armada. Archived from the original on January 5, 2008. Retrieved April 7, 2008.
  10. ^ Greenblatt, C.H. (July 18, 2007). "Just Two Weeks Until Chowder Premiere". Nerd Armada. Archived from the original on November 18, 2007. Retrieved November 9, 2007.
  11. ^ Greenblatt, C.H. (November 28, 2007). "Mahjongg Night". Nerd Armada. Archived from the original on August 23, 2011. Retrieved September 14, 2008.
  12. ^ Brubaker, Charles (August 31, 2009). "Exit interview with C.H. Greenblatt". Baking the Baker. Archived from the original on July 8, 2011. Retrieved September 15, 2009.
  13. ^ Greenblatt, C.H. (August 31, 2009). "We're Off!". Nerd Armada. Archived from the original on September 23, 2011. Retrieved September 15, 2009.
  14. ^ a b c d Liu, Ed (October 30, 2007). "Toon Zone Interviews C.H. Greenblatt on Crafting "Chowder"". Toon Zone. Archived from the original on July 3, 2013. Retrieved March 4, 2008.
  15. ^ a b c d Greenblatt, C.H. (June 15, 2009). "Early Endive & Panini Designs". Nerd Armada. Archived from the original on July 14, 2009. Retrieved June 22, 2009.
  16. ^ Greenblatt, C.H. (July 18, 2007). "Gorgonzola". Nerd Armada. Archived from the original on November 7, 2007. Retrieved November 9, 2007.
  17. ^ Greenblatt, C.H. (April 19, 2007). "Ms. Endive". Nerd Armada. Archived from the original on November 18, 2007. Retrieved November 9, 2007.
  18. ^ a b c d Meyer, Joe (February 8, 2008). "Interview: C.H. Greenblatt". KittySneezes.com. Archived from the original on January 16, 2013. Retrieved March 4, 2008.
  19. ^ a b Fritz, Steve (December 12, 2007). "Meet the Master Chef – C.H. Greenblatt". Animated Shorts. Archived from the original on January 22, 2009. Retrieved April 26, 2013.
  20. ^ Greenblatt, C.H. (June 3, 2008). "Let the New Chowders Begin!!". Nerd Armada. Archived from the original on July 8, 2011. Retrieved June 4, 2008.
  21. ^ Greenblatt, C.H. (February 7, 2008). "More Puppets". Nerd Armada. Archived from the original on December 3, 2010. Retrieved March 4, 2008.
  22. ^ Greenblatt, C.H. (January 29, 2008). "Chowder Patterns". Nerd Armada. Archived from the original on May 16, 2008. Retrieved March 4, 2008.
  23. ^ "Tumblr". Archived from the original on November 16, 2016. Retrieved November 15, 2016.
  24. ^ Greenblatt, C.H. (August 13, 2009). "The Hot Girl". Nerd Armada. Archived from the original on March 11, 2012. Retrieved January 2, 2013.
  25. ^ "DVD releases from MVD in Thailand". Archived from the original on April 24, 2016. Retrieved April 24, 2016.
  26. ^ "Chowder, Vol. 1 (2008)". ASIN B001DSNFQ4. Missing or empty |url= (help)
  27. ^ "Chowder, Vol. 2 (2009)". ASIN B001MEJYBY. Missing or empty |url= (help)
  28. ^ Garron, Barry (November 2, 2007). "Chowder" (PDF). The Hollywood Reporter. Prometheus Global Media: 47. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 14, 2010. Retrieved April 26, 2013.
  29. ^ Liu, Ed (November 2, 2007). ""Chowder" is Satisfying Comfort Food". Toon Zone. Archived from the original on October 25, 2013. Retrieved February 18, 2009.
  30. ^ Bynum, Aaron H. (October 24, 2007). "New 'Chowder' Animation Ready to Serve". Animation Insider. Archived from the original on December 22, 2008. Retrieved February 18, 2009.
  31. ^ a b "35th Annual Annie Nominations and Awards Recipients". AnnieAwards.org. ASIFA-Hollywood. Archived from the original on December 4, 2008. Retrieved March 4, 2008.
  32. ^ a b c "Chowder". Emmys.com. Academy of Television Arts & Sciences. Archived from the original on May 1, 2012. Retrieved July 9, 2012.
  33. ^ a b "36th Annual Annie Nominations and Awards Recipients". AnnieAwards.org. ASIFA-Hollywood. Archived from the original on August 17, 2012. Retrieved July 9, 2012.
  34. ^ a b "37th Annual Annie Nominations and Awards Recipients". AnnieAwards.org. ASIFA-Hollywood. Archived from the original on April 3, 2014. Retrieved July 9, 2012.
  35. ^ "Nerd Armada". Nerd Armada. September 13, 2019. Archived from the original on September 24, 2019. Retrieved October 9, 2019.

External links[edit]