Chowdhury

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Chowdhury
Subdivisions Ahir, Bengali Brahmin,saini Anjana Chaudhari, Gujjar, Jat, Kamma Tyagi

Chowdhury (Urdu: چودھری‎; Bengali: চৌধুরী) is a hereditary title of honor originating in the Indian subcontinent.

Its alternate spellings include Chowdary, Chaudhary, Chaudry, Choudary, Choudhry, Chaudhari, Chudhry.

Meaning and significance[edit]

"Chowdhury" is a term in Indo-Aryan languages, literally meaning "holder of four" (four denoting a measure of land) in Sanskrit, from čatus (four) and dhar (to hold or possess.[1] The name is an ancient Sanskrit term denoting the head[2] of a community or caste. These people generally belong to the upper castes who were the landlords, Zamindars, Thasildar before British Rule. But this title is mainly used by Tyagi,[3][page needed][better source needed] Ahirs,[4] Gujjars,[5] Jats[6] and Kammas [7] and Kayastha Bengali's

Similar lordships existed in other parts of the Eastern world, including in the Ottoman Empire (Malik) and Persia (Arbab).[8][better source needed]

Notables[edit]

Bangladesh[edit]

India[edit]

Nepal[edit]

Fiji[edit]

Pakistan[edit]

United Kingdom[edit]

United States[edit]

Kyrgyzstan[edit]

  • Khuram Chodri, founder of Amal Group, former advisor to PM of Kyrgyzstan, Vice president Gammon Group

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dictionary of American Family Names ©2013, Oxford University Press
  2. ^ Campbell, Mike. "User-submitted surname Choudhry". Behind the Name. Retrieved 2016-04-05. 
  3. ^ Brij Raj Chauhan, Extending frontiers of sociological learning, Dept. of Sociology, Institute of Advanced Studies, Meerut University, 1980, ... Economically, the Tyagis are the biggest landowning and cultivating category. This is reflected in the title 'Chaudhary' addressed for this caste by other castes. They share about 70% land ... 
  4. ^ Lucia Michelutti (2002). "Sons of Krishna: the politics of Yadav community formation in a North Indian town" (PDF). PhD Thesis Social Anthropology. London School of Economics and Political Science University of London. p. 83. Retrieved 10 June 2015. 
  5. ^ Sociological Bulletin. Indian Sociological Society. 2004-01-01. 
  6. ^ Sociological Bulletin. Indian Sociological Society. 2004-01-01. 
  7. ^ "What's in a name? These caste groups will tell you". The News Minute. 2015-04-12. Retrieved 2016-12-07. 
  8. ^ https://www.surnamedb.com/Surname/Choudhury
  9. ^ M. L. Ahuja (2000). Handbook of General Elections and Electoral Reforms in India, 1952-1999. Mittal Publications. pp. 302, 340. ISBN 9788170997665. 
  10. ^ "Khammas of AP have money power, so they just go get it - The Economic Times". The Economic Times. Retrieved 2016-11-19. 
  11. ^ Pakistani Leaders Online